3d visualization of dicom images for radiological applications - 3D Slicer

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Surgical Planning Laboratory Brigham and Women’s Hospital Boston, Massachusetts USA

a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School

3D VISUALIZATION OF DICOM IMAGES FOR RADIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS Sonia Pujol, Ph.D., Harvard Medical School Director of Training, National Alliance for Medical Image Computing

Kitt Shaffer, M.D., Ph.D., Boston University Vice-Chairman for Education, Boston University School of Medicine

Overview Part1: Introduction to data loading and 3D visualization of brain images Part 2: 3D interactive exploration of the segments of the liver Part 3: 3D interactive exploration of the segments of the lung Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 2

3D Visualization of the Anatomy Following this tutorial, you will be able to load and visualize volumes within Slicer4, and to interact in 3D with structural images and models of the anatomy.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 3

3DSlicer Slicer is a freely available opensource platform for segmentation, registration and 3D visualization of medical imaging data. 3DSlicer is a multi-institutional effort supported by the National Institute of Health.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 4

3DSlicer •  An end-user application for image analysis •  An open-source environment for software development •  A software platform that is both easy to use for clinical researchers and easy to extend for programmers

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 5

www.slicer.org 3DSlicer version 4 is a multi-platform software running on Windows, Linux, and Mac OSX.

Disclaimer It is the responsibility of the user of 3DSlicer to comply with both the terms of the license and with the applicable laws, regulations and rules. Slicer is a tool for research, and is not FDA approved. Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 6

3DSlicer History •  1997: Slicer started as a research project between the Surgical Planning Lab (Harvard) and the CSAIL (MIT)

Image Courtesy of the CSAIL, MIT Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 7

3DSlicer History •  1997: Slicer started as a research project between the Surgical Planning Lab (Harvard) and the CSAIL (MIT) •  2011: Multi-institution effort to share the latest advances in image analysis with clinicians and scientists Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 8

NA-MIC and NAC

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

P.I. Ron Kikinis, M.D.

Slide 9

Slicer: Behind the scenes Slicer is built every night on Windows, Mac and Linux platforms

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 10

Slicer Training •  Hands-on training workshops at national and international venues •  >1,700 clinicians, clinical researchers and scientists trained since 2005 Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 11

3DSlicer version 4.0

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 12

Welcome to Slicer4

To start Slicer, select Start à All Programsà Slicer4-4.0.gamma-2011-11-24 Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 13

Welcome to Slicer4

Click on Welcome to Slicer to display the 92 modules of Slicer in the Modules menu Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 14

Welcome to Slicer4 Slicer4 contains more than 90 modules for image segmentation, registration and 3D visualization of medical imaging data

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 15

Slicer User Interface Main Menu GUI panel of the Slicer Welcome Module

Toolbar 3D viewer 2D anatomical viewers

Data Probe Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory,

ARR

16

Slide 16

PART 1: LOADING A DICOM VOLUME

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 17

The DICOM 3.0 File Format Radiological imaging equipment produce images in DICOM file format (‘.dcm files’) Header Header Header Header Raw Data

Image001.dcm Image002.dcm Image003.dcm ….

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 18

DICOM Module

Select the DICOM module from the Modules menu

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 19

DICOM module

Enter the path to the directory where you would like to install the Slicerdicom database on your machine.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 20

DICOM module

Click on Import, and browse to the location of the dicom directory, located in C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\3D

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 21

DICOM module Select the dicom directory, and click on Import

Note: Loading the dicom dataset in the database may take a few minutes. Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 22

DICOM module Double-click on the bwh_atlas2 series to access the MPRAGE dataset.

The thumbnails of each image of the volume appear in the DICOM panel

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 23

DICOM module Double-click on the bwh_atlas2 series to access the MPRAGE dataset.

The thumbnails of each image of the volume appear in the DICOM panel

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 24

DICOM module

Browse through the images using the arrows buttons to inspect the MPRAGE volume

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 25

DICOM module Click on Load Selected Series to Slicer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 26

DICOM module

Slicer is loading the MPRAGE dataset

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 27

DICOM module The axial, coronal and sagittal slices appear in the 2D viewers.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 28

Window/Level To change the Window/ Level of the image, position the mouse cursor in one of the viewers, and hold down the left button: -Move the mouse cursor up/down to change the image level

-Move the cursor left/right to change the image window Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 29

Window/Level Note: the Window/Level of the images can be adjusted using the W/L slider in the module Volumes

Go back to the DICOM module Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 30

DICOM module

Select Red slice only from the layout menu Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 31

DICOM module

Position the mouse button at the top left corner of the window to display the slice menu Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 32

DICOM module

Position the mouse cursor in the image, hold down the right mouse button, and move the mouse cursor down to zoom in. Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 33

DICOM module

Hold down the middle mouse button and move the to explore a different part of the image. Soniamouse Pujol, Kitt Shaffercursor ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, Slide 34

ARR

DICOM module

Position the mouse on the top left corner of the image to display the slide menu, and click on the icon to re-center the image and adjust the to the size of the window Slide 35

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgicalview Planning Laboratory, ARR

DICOM module

Click on the Lightbox view icon in the slice menu, and select the 6x6 view option Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 36

DICOM module

Slicer display 36 consecutives images of the dicom volume. Use the red slice slider to browse through the dicom data Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory,

ARR

Slide 37

DICOM module

Left click on the red window icon, and select the Conventional layout Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 38

DICOM module Select the lightbox viewer in the red slice menu, and come back to 1x1 view

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 39

DICOM module Select Four-up in the layout menu

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 40

DICOM module Hold down the Shift key on your keyboard, and move the mouse cursor in the red viewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 41

DICOM module Slicer displays the sagittal and coronal slices that correspond to the location of the mouse cursor in the axial image Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 42

DICOM module Select Conventional from the layout menu, to return to the conventional layout of Slicer.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 43

DICOM module Click on the links icon to link all three viewers, and click on the eye icon to display the slices in the 3D Viewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 44

DICOM module

The three anatomical slices appear in the 3DViewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 45

DICOM module Position the mouse cursor in the 3D viewer, and use the left-mouse button to rotate the camera, and the right-mouse button to zoom in and out

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 46

DICOM module Select the module Data from the module menu

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 47

Close the Scene

Select Fileà Close Scene to close the Slicer Scene

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 48

Part 2: 3D visualization of surface models of the brain

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 49

3D Slicer Scene •  A Slicer scene is a MRML file which contains a list of elements loaded into Slicer (volumes, models, fiducials…) •  The tutorial scene contains an MR scan of the brain and 3D surface models of anatomical structures.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 50

Loading a Scene

Select File à Load Scene from the main menu Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 51

Loading a Scene

Browse to the directory 3D, located on the Desktop: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\3D Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 52

Loading a Scene

Select the directory 3DHeadData, and open the file slicer4minute.mrml Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 53

Loading a Scene

Open the file slicer4minute.mrml

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 54

Loading the Slicer Scene A 3D surface model of the head, and 2D anatomical slices appear in the Viewer.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 55

Loading the Slicer Scene

Select the module Models from the Modules menu.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 56

Models module The list of 3D models appear in the Models panel

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 57

3D Visualization

Position the mouse cursor over the red banner in the axial view. Click on the eye icon to display the slice in the 3D viewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 58

3D Visualization Slice through the 3D model of the head using the axial slider

Select the model ‘Skin.vtk’ in the list of models, and expand the tab ‘Material Properties’ under ‘Display’ Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 59

3D Visualization

Lower the opacity of the skin model using the Opacity slider

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 60

3D Visualization

Select the skull_bone.vtk model, and turn off its visibility

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 61

3D Visualization

The 3D surface of the white matter appears in the 3D viewer Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 62

3D Visualization

Click on the eye icon in the green viewer to display the coronal slice in the 3D viewer Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 63

3D Visualization

Select the 3D model hemispheric_white_matter.vtk, and select the option Clip in the Display tab

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 64

3D Visualization

Select the tab Clipping, and set Select tab Clipping thethe Green Slice Clipping to and click on Space Negative ‘GreenSlice Clipping’

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 65

3D Visualization The optic chiasm appears in the 3D viewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 66

3D Visualization

Select File à Exit to close the Brain Scene, and exit Slicer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 67

Part 3: Interactive 3D Visualization of the segments of the liver

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 68

Anatomy of the liver

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 69

Liver dataset

The liver dataset is a contrast-enhanced CT abdominal scan of a healthy 36 year-old male.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 70

3D segments of the liver Segment IVa Segment II

Segment VII

Segment III

Segment VI Segment V

Segment IVb

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 71

3D segments of the liver Segment II

Segment I

Segment VII

Segment III Segment IVb

Segment VI

IVC Segment V

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 72

Liver vasculature Middle hepatic vein

Left portal vein

Right portal vein

Left hepatic vein Caudate vein Main portal vein

Right hepatic vein Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

IVC Slide 73

Loading the Liver Scene

Select File à Load Scene from the main menu Load the file Scene-Liver.mrml located in: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\3D\LiverData

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 74

Liver Segments Scene The elements of the scene appear in the Viewer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 75

3D models of the liver Segment VIII

Segment IVa Segment II

Segment VII

Segment III

Segment VI Segment V

Segment IVb

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 76

3D models of the liver Segment II

Segment I

Segment VII

Segment III Segment IVb

Segment VI

IVC Segment V

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 77

3D models of the liver

Middle hepatic vein

Left portal vein

Right portal vein

Left hepatic vein Caudate vein Main portal vein

Right hepatic vein Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

IVC Slide 78



3D Exploration of Liver Segments


Example: What organ abuts the left-most margin of segment II in this patient ?

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 79



3D Exploration of Liver Segments


Select the module Models Click on the Liver Structures Models Hierarchy Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 80



3D Exploration of Liver Segments


Select the model Liver_Segment II Turn on/off its visibility to locate it in the 3D viewer. Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, Slide 81

ARR

3D Exploration of Liver Segments
 Position the mouse in the 3D Viewer, hold down the left mouse button and drag to orient the 3D model to a superior view.

National Alliance for Medical Image Computing Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 82

http://na-mic.org © 2010, ARR

3D Exploration of Liver Segments


Seg II

Question 1: What organ abuts the leftmost margin of segment II in Patient 1? Slide 83

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

3D Exploration of Liver Segments
 Question 1: What organ abuts the leftmost margin of segment II in this patient?

stomach

Seg II

Answer 1: Stomach

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 84

3D Exploration of Liver Segments Question 2: Which segment would most likely be affected by an aggressive tumor invading locally from the right adrenal gland ?

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 85

3D Exploration of Liver Segments
 Question 2: Which segment would most likely be affected by an aggressive tumor invading locally from the right adrenal gland ? Answer 2: Segment VII

Segment VII



Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 86

3D Exploration of Liver Segments
 Question 3: Which vessel separates Segment IVb and Segment V?

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 87

Middle Hepatic Vein Middle hepatic vein Segment IVb Segment V Question 3: Which vessel separates Segment IVb and Segment V? Answer 3: The middle hepatic vein Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, Slide 88

ARR

Closing the Liver Scene

Select File à Exit to close the Liver Scene and exit Slicer

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 89

Part 4: Interactive 3D Visualization of the segments of the lungs

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 90

Segments of the lung Segmentation and 3D surface reconstruction of the lung and pulmonary vessels Acknowledgment: Segmentation of the lung surface and vasculature: Raul San Jose Estepar, Ph.D., George Washko, M.D., Ed Silverman, M.D. and James Ross, MSc. Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Boston, MA

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 91

Segments of the lung 3D parcellation of arteries and veins from original model of pulmonary vessels (Kitt Shaffer, M.D., Ph.D. - Sonia Pujol, Ph.D.) - 

Right Upper Lobe (RUL) -  RUL Pulmonary Vein -  RUL Anterior Segment -  RUL Apical Segment -  RUL Posterior Segment -  Right Middle Lobe (RML) -  RML Pulmonary Vein 1 & 2 -  RML Lateral Segment -  RML Medial Segment -  Right Lower Lobe (RLL) -  RLL Pulmonary Vein 1,2,3 -  RLL Anterior Basal Segment -  RLL Medial Basal Segment -  RLL Lateral Basal Segment Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR -  RLL Posterior Basal Segment

Slide 92

Loading the Lung Scene

Select File à Load Scene from the main menu Load the file LungSegment_Scene.mrml located in: C:\Documents and Settings\Administrator\Desktop\3D\LungData

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 93

Loading the Lung Scene

Position the mouse cursor in the top left cornet of the 3D viewer, and select the top left icon to center the 3D view on the scene Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 94

Loading the Lung Scene

Select the module Models from the modules Menu.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 95

Lung Segments

Slicer displays the list of 15 surface models of pulmonary structures.

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 96

Lung Segments – Question 1

Q1: Why is there a gap in the vessels at the arrows? Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 97

Lung Segments – Question 2

Question 2:Which segment’s vascular supply is shown at the arrow? Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 98

Lung Segments – Question 2

Question 2:Which segment’s vascular supply is shown at the arrow? Answer 2: Right Upper Lobe Apical Segment Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 99

Lung Segments – Question 3

Question 3:Which segment’s vascular supply is shown at the arrow ? Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 100

Lung Segments – Question 3

Question 3:Which segment’s vascular supply is shown at the arrow? Answer 3: Right Lower Lobe Pulmonary Vein 1 Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 101

Lung Segments – Question 4

Question 4: Classify the segments of the lower lobe by size

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 102

Lung Segments – Question 4 Smallest: Medial Basal

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 103

Lung Segments – Question 4 Largest: Anterior / Posterior Basal

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 104

3D Visualization of DICOM images •  Interactive user-interface to load and manipulate greyscale volumes, labelmaps and 3D models. •  User-defined 3D view of the anatomy •  3D Open-source platform for Linux, Mac and Windows Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 105

Acknowledgments National Alliance for Medical Image Computing (NA-MIC) (NIH Grant U54EB005149) Lung Data: Estepar, Washko, Silverman, Ross - Brigham and Women’s Hospital. K25 HL104085, COPDGene 01 HL089897 and U01 HL089856 Neuroimage Analysis Center (NAC) (NIH Grant P41 RR013218)

Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 106

www.slicer.org www.na-mic.org Questions and comments: [email protected] Sonia Pujol, Kitt Shaffer ©2011-2012 Surgical Planning Laboratory, ARR

Slide 107

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3d visualization of dicom images for radiological applications - 3D Slicer

Surgical Planning Laboratory Brigham and Women’s Hospital Boston, Massachusetts USA a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School 3D VISUALIZATION ...

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