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srpanj, 2009








































Srpanj 2009 (8)

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petak, 10.07.2009.

Venezuela imposes new media curbs Sviđa mi se

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New regulations in Venezuela will require cable and satellite TV channels to carry speeches by President Hugo Chavez on a regular basis. The measures will apply to those stations that produce more than 70% of their content within Venezuela. The BBC correspondent in Caracas says this will apply to dozens of international broadcasters, which will be considered national stations. Government opponents said it was an attack on freedom of speech. The BBC's Will Grant in Caracas says when Mr Chavez deems it necessary, all national broadcasters in Venezuela must carry the president's speeches. 'Democratising' the airwaves The broadcasts, known as "cadenas", are part of Venezuelan life under Mr Chavez and can last up to five hours.

For those who do not want to watch the socialist leader, cable television has been a refuge whenever a cadena interrupts their favourite soap opera or a baseball match, our correspondent says. But not any more, he adds. The Venezuelan government defended the new regulations. The minister overseeing broadcast licensing, Diosdado Cabello, said it was all part of bringing greater democracy to Venezuela's media landscape. He told the National Assembly that the new rules affecting cable TV would take effect on Friday. But opposition MP Ismael Garcia said: "This law seeks to persecute, increase control and intimidate. "Those radio stations that have so far not come under state control will now have to cease operations or practise self-censorship, like some have already done." Some analysts believe the measures are aimed at a private broadcaster, RCTV. - 14:30 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Nazi guard suspect 'fit for trial' Sviđa mi se

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Doctors in Germany have concluded that John Demjanjuk, who is accused of being a guard in a Nazi death camp, is fit to stand trial, prosecutors have said. In a brief statement on Friday, the state prosecutors said that medical experts had said the case could go ahead as long as hearings were limited to two 90-minute sessions a day. Formal charges against the 89-year-old retired car worker, who was extradited from the United States in May, are likely to be filed later this month. Demjanjuk is accused of being an accessory to the murder of 29,000 people at the Sobibor camp in Nazi-occupied Poland during the second world war. Demjanjuk's son tried to prevent his Ukrainian-born father's extradition to Germany, saying he was dying of leukemic bone marrow disease. "With less than a year and a half for my father to live, a career-seeking German prosecutor is hastily pressing forward with a 100 per cent politically-motivated effort to blame Ukrainians and Europeans for the crimes of the Germans," John Demjanjuk Jr said in a statement. However, it remains unclear when the trial will take place. Margarete Noetzel, a spokesman for the state prosecutor's office, said: "It is not yet possible to say when a trial would begin. Any speculation would just be like reading tea leaves. "The prosecution's charges must be admitted by the court. Then the defence could present objections. It is going to last a while." Demjanjuk's denial Photographs of Demjanjuk being taken from his home in Ohio by immigration officials in April appeared to show that he was seriously ill and in considerable pain. But other photographs released by the US government showed Demjanjuk just several days earlier getting into his car unaided. "He is not typical for his age ... he is in better shape than usual for an 89-yearold..." Jochen Menzel, deputy prison director Demjanjuk denies being a guard at the camp, saying that he was a Red Army soldier who spent the second world war as a Nazi prisoner-of-war. But documents obtained by US justice authorities include a photographic identity card which, they say, shows that Demjanjuk worked at the Sobibor death camp. They say they have written transcripts of witness testimony placing him at the camp and reports that he was trained at a facility for Nazi guards in Trawniki, Poland.

Demjanjuk, who tops the Simon Wiesenthal Center's list of its 10 most-wanted suspected war criminals, has previously faced attempted prosecutions from courts and government officials in more than five countries on three continents. He spent five years on death row in Israel before the verdict against him was overturned in 1993. At the time, Israel accused Demjanjuk of being "Ivan the Terrible," a particularly brutal guard who was said to have hacked at naked prisoners with a sword, but Israel eventually concluded it had the wrong man. Munich prosecutors say it falls on the German city to try him because he had been registered as living there after the second world war. The day after his arrival at the Stadelheim prison near Munich, medical officials there declared him fit enough to remain in custody. Jochen Menzel, the facility's deputy prison director said then that Demjanjuk was in strikingly good condition. "He is not typical for his age ... he is in better shape than usual for an 89-year-old," he told German news channel N24. Charges of accessory to murder carry a maximum sentence of up to 15 years in jail under Germany's justice system. - 14:28 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Indonesia poised for more reform in wake of vote Sviđa mi se

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Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono appears to have been handed a huge mandate to fight corruption after what could be a landslide election win. Unofficial results yesterday gave the incumbent former general a huge lead over Opposition leader Megawati Sukarnoputri and outgoing Vice-President Jusuf Kalla following Wednesday's vote, despite Mrs Megawati's complaints of irregularities. In only the second direct presidential election in the South-East Asian powerhouse since the collapse of the dictatorship of President Suharto in 1998, Mr Yudhoyono confirmed his status as the most popular leader of the new democratic era. The peaceful vote also reinforced Indonesia's position at the vanguard of democracy in a region traumatised recently by political turmoil and oppression. The General Election Commission website said its ''raw data'' gave Mr Yudhoyono 61.66 per cent of the vote, enough to avoid a second-round run-off. Based on 18.72 million votes counted out of more than 170million eligible voters, MrsMegawati was second with 28.57 per cent and Mr Kalla was a distant third with 9.77 per cent, it said. The figures, which the commission described as ''preliminary'' and ''not official'', matched six independent polling agencies' estimates putting Mr Yudhoyono at about 60 per cent and Mrs Megawati at around 27 per cent. Mr Yudhoyono, a taciturn doctor of agricultural science who is fond of writing love songs in his spare time, thanked his supporters for his ''success'' but stopped short of claiming victory, saying that he must wait for the final results to be declared. Mr Kalla congratulated his former running mate and boss for the past five years but Mrs Megawati described the election as an exercise in ''pseudo-democracy'' and repeated complaints about alleged fraud. ''Real democracy means, first, there are no indications of fraud,'' she said. ''In my opinion, this is a pseudo-democracy.'' Her running mate, notorious former special forces commander Prabowo Subianto, said he was preparing a legal challenge and cited an ''independent'' count which put Mrs Megawati in the lead. - 14:24 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Gold rises as dollar takes a dive Sviđa mi se

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London: Gold rose from a two-month low in New York and London as the dollar weakened for the first time in six days, increasing the metal's appeal as an alternative investment. The US Dollar Index, a six-currency measure of the greenback's value, declined as much as 0.9 per cent on Thursday. Gold futures, which typically move inversely to the currency, dropped as low as $904.80 (Dh3,320) an ounce on Wednesday, the lowest since May 6. Gold "has traded higher this morning on a softer dollar," James Moore, an analyst at TheBullionDesk.com in London, said in a note. "While gold is at risk to further pressure short-term, we expect the metal to find more substantial support below $900 an ounce."

Gold futures for August delivery gained $4.90, or 0.5 per cent, to $914.20 an ounce on the New York Mercantile Exchange's Comex division in New York. - 14:17 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Mosques asked to suspend prayers after China unrest Sviđa mi se

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Urumqi: Mosques in riot-hit Urumqi were ordered to stay closed for Friday prayers in the wake of ethnic violence that has killed at least 156 people, an official said. The prayers after midday are a focal point of the week for the minority Muslim Uighurs in Urumqi and Chinese authorities took the rare step of restricting them in apparent attempts to deter any large, emotional gatherings at the mosques. "For the sake of public safety all of the mosques have told people that there will be no Friday prayers and that people should stay at home today and pray," said the official at the Yang Hang mosque in downtown Urumqi. She said she was a government worker but refused to give her name.

Outside the mosque with its gold dome and twin minarets, people stopped to read a white paper notice canceling Friday prayers. One middle-aged Uighur woman who would not give her name said she thought the mosque should stay open. "It's not necessary to close it because everyone who enters the mosque is a Muslim. It will be safe," she said. "We just don't have any power," she added, then was pulled away by her husband. Nearby, an elderly Han Chinese woman interrupted a foreign reporter before he could talk to two elderly Uighur women in long traditional dresses and headscarves. "Of course, the mosque should be closed. Just look at all the damage that has been done," the Han Chinese woman said in a loud voice. "This is a patriotic move for the sake of the well-being of all the ethnic groups," she said before stomping away without giving her name. The other two quietly walked away as well. The violence in Urumqi began Sunday when Uighurs clashed with police while protesting deaths of Uighur factory workers in a brawl in another part of the country. The crowd then scattered throughout Urumqi, attacking Han Chinese, burning cars and smashing windows. Riot police tried to restore order, and officials said 156 people were killed and more than 1,100 were injured. Thousands of security forces have been patrolling the streets, but that wasn't enough to keep vengeful Han Chinese mobs from hunting down Uighurs on Tuesday. China's top Communist Party leaders have said that ending the ethnic feuding was now "the most urgent task." - 14:10 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Sarkozy stands by UK in Iran row Sviđa mi se

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Nicolas Sarkozy, the French president, has pledged "total solidarity with Britain" as the country faces a diplomatic dispute with Iran over the arrest of embassy staff in Tehran. At a meeting on Monday with Gordon Brown, the British prime minister, Sarkozy gave his full support to the UK in its call for the release of the local embassy employees detained following post-election violence. "We totally support our British friends, in regards to Iranian leaders, and they can count on our total solidarity," he told a news conference. "We were particularly shocked by the unfair attacks and out of proportion response towards the British government. Really, the Iranian people deserve better than the leaders of today." EU expressed outrage last week, summoning Iran's ambassadors after a senior Iranian cleric sested that local British embassy staff would face trial over their alleged involvement in protests over the disputed re-election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the president. At least nine Iranians working for the British embassy in Tehran were arrested in the wake of the June 12 poll. All but one have now been released.

Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Iran's supreme leader, on Monday repeated his warning to Western nations that meddling in his country's affairs would have a "negative impact" on relations. In depth "Some leaders of Western countries at the level of president, prime minister and foreign minister openly intervened in Iran's internal affairs that had nothing to do with them," state television quoted him as saying.

"Then, they said they don't intervene in Iran's internal affairs." Gordon Brown, the British prime minister, denied that London had any role in the post-election violence. "We both agree that the outcome of Iran's election is a matter for the Iranian people," he said at the news conference with Sarkozy. "We seek no role in this at all, but the totally unjustified expulsion of foreign diplomats and continued detention of embassy staff, is unacceptable and unjustified. "The Iranian regime must be clear, that if this action continues and we are forced to act, we will act together with our European partners." The authorities have said 17 protesters and eight members of Basiji progovernment militia were killed in the two weeks of unrest following the vote. - 14:07 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

Appeal over Bashir genocide charges Sviđa mi se

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Prosecutors at the International Criminal Court (ICC) have appealed against a decision by the body's tribunal not to charge Omar al-Bashir, Sudan's president, with conducting genocide. The court in The Hague charged Bashir with war crimes and crimes against humanity in March for allegedly orchestrating a campaign of murder and torture in the country's western Darfur region. But it said there was insufficient evidence to prove he was also guilty of waging genocide there. Prosecutors said on Tuesday the judges who rejected the charges were wrong in applying "an evidentiary burden that is inappropriate for this procedural stage". They said the tribunal only needed to prove that there are "reasonable grounds to believe" al-Bashir was responsible for genocide. Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor at the ICC, also called for the case to be sent back to the ICC's pre-trial chamber. 'Strong' appeal He told Al Jazeera: "We believe it's a mistake. "They requested a level of evidence beyond any doubt and this is the level of evidence [needed] for the conviction, not for the beginning of the trial. "This is the main reason we are appealing. "I think we will win. I believe we have a strong case to win this appeal. I believe we have a case of genocide." Mark Ellis, the chairman of the International Bar Association, told Al Jazeera that charging an individual with genocide was a "complex legal process". "It requires the prosecutors to prove the individual had a specific intent to destroy an ethnic group," he said. "Whether or not the prosecutor is successful really will have no bearing on the case itself. It will move forward." AU rejection

Al-Bashir has denied the prosecution's allegations and has refused to recognise the court's jurisdiction. Leaders of the African Union said on Friday they would no longer co-operate with the ICC and would not arrest and extradite the Sudanese president. Al-Bashir was indicted over his alleged role in the conflict in Darfur, which the UN says has displaced an estimated 2.7 million people. The UN says up to 300,000 people have died since the conflict began in 2003 between ethnic minority rebels and the Sudanese government. Sudan's government disputes the figures, saying 10,000 people have been killed. - 14:04 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #

China Says Australian Is Detained in Spy Case Sviđa mi se

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BEIJING — China confirmed Thursday that it had detained an Australian executive and three Chinese employees of the Anglo-Australian mining giant Rio Tinto on suspicion of spying on China, stealing state secrets and causing the country “enormous economic losses.” “The Chinese government has gained strong evidence to prove they were spying and stealing China’s state secrets,” Qin Gang, a spokesman for the Foreign Ministry, said Thursday at a news briefing in Beijing. “The Chinese government is executing the case according to the law.” The case sent shock waves through the global mining industry, and Australian politicians sested the detentions on Sunday were retaliatory. Rio Tinto scrapped plans last month to accept a $19.5 billion investment from Chinalco, a Chinese state-owned company. Rio Tinto chose instead to raise money from existing shareholders and form a joint venture with another Anglo-Australian company, BHP Billiton. Rio Tinto made no comment on Thursday, but a day earlier, it issued a statement saying that the company did not believe any of its employees in China had engaged in espionage. Mr. Qin said that the case was not politically motivated and that Beijing did not believe it would harm ties between the two countries. “As for economic and trade cooperation between China and Australia, China will keep a positive attitude toward it, as we always did before,” Mr. Qin said. Australia’s foreign minister, Stephen Smith, said late on Thursday that China had agreed to allow diplomats to see Mr. Hu, who is in charge of Rio’s Chinese iron ore business, under a consular agreement, The Associated Press reported. China’s state-controlled media reported Thursday that the suspicions of spying might stem from how the four employees gathered information that Rio Tinto might have used in tense negotiations now under way between Chinese steel mills and iron ore producers. But the papers did not disclose their sources. Those negotiations involve billions of dollars’ worth of iron ore, which China needs to build its growing economy, and are closely watched by the Chinese government. Legal scholars noted that China’s state secrets law was vague and is often used to punish political opponents or those Beijing considered a threat to national interests. Those scholars say the government was considering revising the law to bolster its credibility. Often, those accused of violating China’s state secrets law are not even allowed a visit by a lawyer. “The reason it’s up for revision is there’s widespread dissatisfaction with it,” said Jerome Cohen, a professor of law at New York University and a specialist in China’s legal system. “It lends itself to arbitrary treatment. Police can take advantage of stretching the law.” Tensions between China and Australia have grown in the past year over Australian concerns that Chinese attempts to make huge investments in the country would give China control over too much of Australia’s valuable natural resources. Earlier this year, Australian newspapers reported that Chinese intelligence agents tried to hack into Prime Minister Kevin Rudd’s phone and e-mail account when he was visiting Beijing for the Olympics last August. Australian politicians immediately called for greater communications security. - 13:51 - Komentari (0) - Isprintaj - #


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Daradam - Blog.hr - Dnevnik

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