Discouraging Pointless Extremism

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DISCOURAGING POINTLESS EXTREMISM (2002+ AND RE-ARRANGED IN 2012) CPDS Home Contact

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The West as a Problem Speculations about Extremists' Manifestos Problems in Extremists' Manifestos Increasing Understanding of Realistic Solutions The Crisis Facing Islam

Radical Islamists are currently causing worldwide disturbances. They appear to believe that current problems can be solved if they gain power through violently destabilizing existing governments in Muslim societies especially in the Middle East. For example Islamist extremists appear to believe that Muslim societies' problems are the result of centuries of Western oppression. This seems a misguided though convenient view, because: Western societies originally gained strength from various internal characteristics (mainly related to economic institutions and the methods used for economic and political problem solving) and the disadvantage that some others suffer has been largely the result of a lack of those characteristics (or of other ways to achieve similar outcomes); claiming victim-hood is convenient because it rationalizes shirking the hard physical and intellectual work that countries in (say) East and South Asia have had to do to improve their status.

CPDS Notes Is There Coercive Religious Legalism in Islam? Is Islam a Religion of Peace? About Islamic State Radicalization of Youth Desertions? Suggestions about Solutions Addenda >> Hitting Osama, but Missing Islamist Extremism Freedom and Progress in the Middle East Saving Muslims from Themselves Discrediting Extremists is Long Overdue Tell Islamists that Sharia Need not be Embodied in National Laws Discrediting Islamism We need Enlightenment to Combat Radicals Please Don't Trivialize Oppression Even Moderate Islam Seems Damagingly Rigid The Implications of Islam Liberty and Islam in Australia What Went Wrong in Iraq? Is the Barbarity of ISIS Another Attempt to Ensnare the US in the Middle East? Is ISIS a Bit Player in a Bigger Story? An Alternative to Fighting Radical Islamism for 100 Years Islamism and 'Team Australia' Does the 'Islamic State' have Staying Power? Challenging the Idea of an Islamic State (Are Modernizing Islamist Ideologies Involved? + Conflicts Must Arise without Self-Discipline) Shariah: The Threat to Muslims Politicians are Wrong: Terrorism by Islamist Extremists Does Involve Islam Eliminating the Need to Focus on 'Muslims' Cooperation with Australia's Muslims Could Help Solve the Crisis Facing the Whole Muslim World Taking Away the 'Islamic State's' Religious 'Oxygen' Bringing Freedom to Muslims Would Bring Peace to the Middle East Creating the Cultural Preconditions for Liberal Institutions Such as Democracy Defeating the Ideology of Islamist Terrorists Putting the 'Caliphate' in Context Liberating Muslim Women (and Men) Fairness and Trust are Only the Start in Countering Terrorism Winning the 'War on Terror' Would be Better than Fighting it Forever Blame Religious Legalism for the Middle East's Problems Blocking 'Hate' Preachers If the public were aware of the real issues, Australia's Muslim's would get widespread public sympathy (Are Outsiders to Blame for the Middle East's Problems?) Heading off Violent Jihad through an Australian Centre for Social Cohesion ISIS would be 'Islamic' Even if Beheadings Aren't The Barbarity of the so-called 'Islamic State' is not the Only Problem Finding Real Solutions for the Middle East Making Islamists' Ideology the Focus in Countering Terrorism Beating Radicalization Analyse the Practicality of Extremists' Ideology Discrediting Islamist Ideologies is Not Anti-Muslim The 'Dirty Work' Needed to Contain Terrorism Risks is a Major Rationale for Terrorism Helping Muslims Resist Islamism Individual Accountability to God: A Critical Requirement for Overcoming Muslim Societies' Historical Disadvantages Using the 'Power of the 'Pen' to Defeat Islamist Extremism and Give Muslim Societies a Better Future Individual Responsibility for Actions The Islamic Roots of Islamic Radicalism Life Wasn't Meant to Be Easy Rescuing Islam: Intellectual Freedom for Scholars Would Not Be Enough Islamist Extremists are not Alone in Favouring Pre-modern Social Systems Creating a Better World "Muslims Youth Pushed to Margins of Society" - by Islam? Countering Islamic State Propaganda Exposing the Unrealistic Intellectual Foundations of Islamist Extremism The Role of Theology in Combatting Islamic State Ending Muslim Jobs' Discrimination is Easy: Just Liberate Muslims Military Tactics are Not Enough Some Thoughts on Reforming Islam and the World Terrorism Can't Be Dug Out Just at Grassroots Level Encouraging Reform of Islam: Mr Turnbull's Opportunity to Counter Islamist Radicalization The Solution Must Go Deeper than Race Hate Laws Muslims Need to Decide for Themselves Whether Islamism Could Work Muslims' Responsibility For Stopping Terrorism Defeating Islamist Ideology Faces Obstacles Embrace Reformist Muslims in Fight Against Jihadist Threat Reforming the Grand Muftis' Role In Australia? Winning the 'War Against terror': A Suggestion Paris Attacks in Broader Context? Muslims' Problems Won't Be Solved Just by Embracing the Majority Islamic State Would Love to See 'Boots on the Ground' Current Anti-Extremism Programs are Probably Almost Content Free Changing What Needs to be Changed: Islam Studying and Fixing Islam's Problems An Outside-in Strategy for Defeating Islamic State? Towards a Frank and Open Discussion About the Causes of Islamist Extremism Drawing Attention to Opportunities to Reform Islam is Constructive Australia's Official Misunderstanding of Muslims' Problems Eliminating the Need for Surveillance and Soft Despotism Is 'Truth Telling on Religion' by Politicians Compatible with a Secular State? Getting Australian Muslims a 'Fair Go' Getting Aussie Muslims and nonMuslims Together is Not That Simple Scale of Propaganda is Irrelevant if It is Challenged Decisively Muslims Must Lead the ISIS Fight But Muslim Armies Can't Muslims' Problems are Not Limited to Islamist Extremism, and Can't Be Solved Simply by Reclaiming Islam's Past Intellectual Traditions Should Muslims Aspire to Recreate The Golden Age of Islam? Discrediting the Ideological Foundations of Islamist Radicals The West Won't Defeat ISIS with Military Forces Solidarity with Muslims is OK Suggesting that Islam Doesn't Need Fundamental Reform is Not Middle East's Problems: Are Domestic or External Factors More Important? Islam Promotes Stress Between Muslims and Everyone Else Why Muslims Don't Integrate: A Suggestion Bendigo Mosque Is Name Calling the Smartest Way to Deal with 'Hate Groups' ? Terror Must be Met with Brains - At Long Last Reducing Ignorance: A Fresh Idea for Terror Response Vilification Laws Can't Protect Religious Freedom Dismissing Political Opponents as 'Racists' is Part of the Problem, Not a Solution (Avoiding the Issue) Victimhood May Have Become an Intrinsic Feature of Islam Australians Should Unite Against the Repression of Muslims Another Path to One Nation Religion and The State: Reducing Western and Islamic Problems Unfortunately Terrorism CAN be Viewed as an 'Act of Faith' Another View of Muslim 'Grievances' The Problem with Old Certainties Keeping Americans and Everyone Else Safe from Islamist Violence Are Muslims' Problems the Result of Some Muslims' Cultures Rather Than of Their Religion? Acceptance of Hitting Women is Only a Small Part of Muslims' Problems Which Muslim Leaders are Our Best Allies? Exposing the Source of Islamist Radicalization Women Are Not The Only Muslims Who Would Benefit From Liberation Assessing a Possible National Security Risk Without Considering National Security? When World's Collide: ASIO Also Needs a Reality Check Islam Needs Reform - Not Destruction The West as a Problem

Problems which have their origin in history can be overcome by those with creative spirit, but only made worse by those whose spirit is destructive. The best way to discourage extremists may be to seriously seek out the currently-secret ideas their 'spiritual leaders' have about solutions – and have those solutions subjected to detailed assessment of their practicality by a ‘jury of their peers’ after inputs to those peers by reputable experts reflecting many different shades of opinion. Furthermore examining the reasons that Islamists (whether extremist or moderate) believe that their proposals would solve difficulties that plague many Muslim-dominated societies has the potential to reveal obstacles that those societies face that are normally neglected. It has reasonably been pointed out that theological assumptions can not be disproved by theological argument. However Islamist ideas seem to have mainly political, economic and (perhaps even) scientific implications which could be evaluated. If the Islamists' ideas have merit, they can be more widely advocated. There are, after all, many ways of achieving constructive changes through presenting people with attractive ideas. However if they do not have merit - and extremists are thus being disruptive for no justifiable reason - then the 'peers' will be likely to be able to discredit (pointless) extremists with their potential supporters. The author suspects Islamists' ideas lack merit because Islam apparently embodies features (eg communal moral legalism and cosmological interpretations to rationalize social rigidity) that derive from the Arabic tribal context in which Islam emerged and may well be largely (though certainly not solely) responsible for the historical difficulties that Muslim-dominated societies (especially those in the Middle East) have experienced because they inhibit the change and learning that prosperity requires. Islamism may be the logical end point of the assumption that states should be governed in accordance with the way a set of guidelines for life in the 7th century are interpreted by modern-day religious authorities. But it not likely to provide a basis for effective government in a changing environment. Traditional Muslims have good reason to participate in a process to evaluate the ideology of Islamists, as extremists have challenged their authority and implied that extremism is needed to 'take seriously' the claim that Islam (being a religion which deals with all aspects of life) is thus a suitable basis for effective government by God's right-hand-men - a shift towards state religious authoritarianism that would seem likely to further reinforce the constraints on prosperity and modernisation that Muslim-dominated societies have suffered. However the extremists may have precipitated a crisis for Islam, because the need now to critically evaluate Islamists' proposed 'solutions' could cause cracks to emerge in the whole world-view that has been built around Islam. That world view apparently suggests, for example, that natural and social systems should be 'scientifically' studied as a way of understanding the Divine - a dysfunctional assumption from a scientific viewpoint that has given Islamic scholars great authority over all aspects of life in Muslim societies. However, because of the need to publicly evaluate the ideology of extremists, traditional authority is now likely to be put at risk by intense exposure to alternative critical understandings. This ultimately may be of great benefit to Muslim communities by liberating their people from centuries of intellectual bondage. In 2012 (many years after there had been a critical need to do so) questions again seemed to be being raised about the many possible causes of the Middle East's backwardness, and whether Islam was a progressive influence (eg see Freedom and Progress in the Middle East below)

The West Poses Real Problems for Islamic Societies [<] There is undoubted concern in Islamic societies about the nature and influence of the Western societies. For centuries expanding Western influence seems to have been resented as that of inferior upstarts because: some Islamic societies had previously been more advanced than those in Europe [1]; and the West rediscovered 'Greek learning' which provided the basis for its profitable advances in science and technology from Islamic scholars (see Islam and the West, and About Arabic Thought and Islamic Science). Western political influence on national boundaries in the Middle East in the early 20th century associated with the secret Sikes-Picot agreement between France and Britain have been seen to have either: (a) created significant problems for the region; or (b) had no material impact at all - but none-the-less been viewed in various different ways as a symbol of the region's problems [See CPDS comment on this debate in Middle East's Problems: Are Domestic or External Factors More Important?]. Show: opposing views Furthermore there are modern sources of resentment that are at least partly justified including: pressures to which Islamic societies have been unable to respond effectively, partly because of Western support for regimes which provided poor local economic leadership; the differences in material affluence amongst societies that have partly resulted from poor economic leadership; the side-effect of some covert Cold War operations; ongoing conflict surrounding the UN-supported re-creation of the state of Israel; innocent victims of retaliation against past attacks; imbalances in the level of suffering experienced by Western peoples and others, and double standards in valuing their interests; the immorality that can arise in liberal societies when individuals drift away from their ethical moorings. These issues are considered further in Risks in a Clash with Islamist Extremists. Some of the above issues (and a few others) were were suggested in a 2004 Rand Corporation study of the emergence of Islamist extremism. Muslim World after 9/11 drew attention to: failed political and economic models in the Middle East; structural antiWesternism (ie blaming others for those domestic failures); decentralized religious authority in Sunni Islam which allows irresponsibility; resurgence of Islam; Arabization of the non-Arab Muslim world; external funding of religious fundamentalism; convergence of Islamism and tribalism; growth of radical networks; emergence of mass media; Palestinian-Israeli / Kashmir conflicts; Iranian revolution; Afghan war; 1991 Gulf War; global war on terrorism; and Iraq war [1] It has been suggested that there is widespread agreement in Muslim communities that solutions are required to the problems their societies face and also that the solutions being proposed by Islamist extremists are not viable. Show: details Moreover there appears to be disagreement / conflict [1, 2, 3, 4] between Muslims who support traditional authorities and the 10-15% [1, 2] of Muslims who reportedly support the extremists. Moreover, one observer has suggested that the Arabic media implies that Islamist extremists have support, not because of the appeal of their ideology, but because they are prepared to resist external 'oppression' [1]. This document will consider what is being said publicly about the motivations and goals of extremists which suggests that reservations about Islamist 'solutions' are well justified.

Probable Manifestos Motivations (Middle East Conflicts + Cultural and Religious Dislocation + Justice) Modernizing Islam (Non-traditional Roots + Al Qaida's Ideology + Al Qaida's Origins) Creating Islamic States and Introducing Shari'a Law Alternatives for Muslim Dominated States

Speculations about Islamist Extremists' Manifestos [<] It is important to determine whether (as seems likely): extremist's motivations are to modernise Islam so as to make it relevant to, and a foundation for success, in the world (rather than to oppose modernity as has traditionally been associated with Islamic fundamentalists); the 'solutions' to the problems facing Muslim dominated nations that Islamists (both moderate and extremist) are pursuing are unrealistic. Show: an assumption that extremists have rational motivations There appear to be several levels to the motivations and goals of Islamist extremists, and these overlap with the concerns of many who do not engage in violence. Motivations [<] While extremists' intent can superficially be seen as simply perpetuating violence, deeper motivations (which also affect many who oppose violence) appear to be the result of: (a) unresolved conflict in the Middle East; (b) cultural and religious dislocation; and (c) perceived (economic) injustice; Show: details These motivations appear to be driving long term efforts (by both extremists and others) to: (a) modernize Islam; and (b) create Islamic States under Shari'a Law Modernizing Islam? [<] Some observers perceive Islamism (ie advocacy of government by God's right-hand-men to enforce Islamic law) as a medieval force, that is primarily reactionary, seldom creates and appears chronically disorganised and prone to internal division and distrust [1]. Islamist ideology apparently emerged with the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt in the 1920s who saw the need to modernize Islam - eg by accepting aspects of science that were not contradicted by the Koran (in contrast to a fundamentalist Muslim rejection of all aspects of modernity). Moderate Islamism would presumably involve views similar to those expressed by Malaysia's former Prime Minister Mahathir concerning the need for Muslims to study both religion and science [1]. Islamist extremists may well also not involve traditional 'fundamentalists' who oppose modernization and seek to retreat from the world, but rather a faction whose goal is to change / modernize Islam (eg on the basis of their studies of sciences in Western universities) in the hope that this would allow Muslims to become relevant and successful in the modern world - and who are merely using traditional / fundamentalist Islamic rhetoric and attacks against outsiders as a means to recruit Muslim supporters. For example, it has been suggested that: (a) the leadership of Al Qaida all have degrees from Western universities; (b) extremist leaders in SE Asia typically involves engineers and doctors (ie those with a modern scientific education); and (c) planning for the 9/11 events took place in the West (eg in Germany). A traditional Islamic scholar wrote at length about his perceptions of collaboration between extremists and Muslims in Western societies who posed as moderates. Islamism is now not only at home in Muslim countries, but in Mosques in the West. Moreover Sunni Muslims, traditionally seen as moderate, now include some extremists. Show: non-traditional roots Show: some views of Al Qaida's ideology? Show: some views of Al Qaida's origins It appears likely that motivating the terrorists are those who, like earlier extremists in history, have 'modern' manifestos that they fervently believe would be a better way to run the world and which motivate their efforts [1, 2]. It is also significant that, there seems to be: (a) a perception that the moral law of Islam would be a way to civilize science and save humanity as a whole from technological materialism [1]; and (b) parallels between the Islamic philosophy about science and the challenges of modernity as understood by those who have undergraduate science degrees. In other words there may be a belief (in secret) that Islamism offers a superior path to modernisation. It thus seems important to clarify whether Islamist extremists represent a 'medieval' or (as seems most likely) a 'modernizing' (oftenWestern-educated) faction because an incorrect assumption could make it: hard to develop an appropriate response to the ideology that leaders use to motivate violence; impossible to identify who is likely to be dangerous to outsiders (noting that Daniel Pearl, for example, was famously murdered after reportedly making contact in Pakistan with friends he had made at a British university); and easy to further alienate others and drive them to the extremists' cause. In any case, as scholars are traditionally accorded the highest status within Islam (see About Arabic Thought and Islamic Science), it is reasonable to assume that the leadership amongst Islamist extremists will be scholars. In 2013 a prominent Australian Islamist suggested that, rather than seeking to impose Shariah Law in the West, Western Muslims needed to go back to 'Muslim lands' to develop their strength (by being well educated, technologically advanced, intelligent, wise leaders of society rather than goat-herders) so as to be able eventually to conquer the rest of the world. In 2014 it was suggested that the ideology of Islamist extremists (Salafism) was modern and (like Communism before it) involved an idealistic attempt to create a better world (and that the only way to combat this was the eliminate problems in existing systems and enable moderate Islamic leaders to compete with the extremists). Show: outline Creating Islamic States and Introducing Shari'a Law [<] The goal of Islamist extremism seems to be political control of the Middle East - by wresting power from the autocratic rulers and traditional religious authorities who forced the 'well-educated' classes to hide or flee to the West. Attacks on the West seem to be primarily motivated by a desire by the 'well-educated' to trigger harsh Western responses in the Middle East that would motivate peoples in that region to rally to their cause. This goal appears to be accepted by experts as a frequent motivation for terrorism word-wide. Show: a note The importance of a Western response to terrorism was made explicit in 'Management of Savagery: The Most Critical Stage Through which the Ummah will Pass' (Abu Bakr Naji, 2004). Its theme was described in Wikipedia as: "Management of Savagery discusses the need to create and manage nationalist and religious resentment and violence in order to create long-term propaganda opportunities for jihadist groups. Notably, Naji discusses the value of provoking military responses by superpowers in order to recruit and train guerilla fighters and to create martyrs. Naji suggests that a long-lasting strategy of attrition will reveal fundamental weaknesses in the abilities of superpowers to defeat committed jihadists. Management of Savagery argues that carrying out a campaign of constant violent attacks in Muslim states will eventually exhaust the states’ ability and will to enforce their authority, and that as the writ of the state withers away, chaos—or savagery —will ensue. Jihadists can take advantage of this savagery to win popular support, or at least acquiescence, by imposing security, providing social services, and implementing Sharia. " While the language of Islamic fundamentalism is used to motivate followers, political power appears to be the ultimate goal. Show: Islamist's political goal Both moderate and extremist Islamists appear to be advocating the adoption of the Shari'a, the sacred law of Islam, as national law in Muslim countries perhaps as the only way for Islam to survive the pressure of modernization and globalization [1, 2]. However Islamism is not universally accepted to be the 'answer'. For example: many Muslims argue that: Islam was never meant to be a system of government [1]; and power would cause Muslims to lose their trust in Islam [1]; and one observer suggested that, not only would Islamism have no appeal to non-Muslims as a governing ideology, but it is only seen as relevant in this way by 10-15% of Muslims [1] Islamism may be gaining political support in the Middle East, not because of the 'solution' that it purports to offer to the Muslim world, but rather (as noted above), because Islamists are taking a leading role in resisting what is popularly seen as external 'oppression'. Show: it's someone else's fault It would thus seem desirable also to carefully evaluate : the cause of Muslim nations' struggles. Are they due to external oppression? Or are they (as the present author suspects) due to a significant degree to unevaluated weaknesses in the global economic order, and in attitudes and institutions that arise from Islam's Arabic genesis (eg communal constraints on individuals that presumably inhibits the rate of change needed for economic prosperity and constitutes a form of internal oppression)? whether an effective system of political economy or superior social and environmental outcomes would be likely to result from adoption of the Shari'a (ie state moral legalism); If external oppression is not the main source of problems over the past few centuries and if the adoption of Islamist political and economic prescriptions would not actually work in practice, then Muslim peoples would be well advised to look elsewhere for leadership. Alternative Options for Muslim Dominated States Some leaders have argued that Muslims might achieve more by non-Islamist political and economic advancement. For example: Dr Mahathir, former Prime Minister of Muslim dominated Malaysia, suggested to a conference of Islamic leaders in October 2003 that the cause of fighting Jews (who were seen as the ultimate manipulators of Western societies) would be better advanced by using political, economic and democratic forces rather than violence. [Comment: This proposal seems likely to be far more effective than allowing extremists to always present Islam as 'the problem' - though the risk in basing policy on conspiracy theories and ethnic prejudice is that one can raise up tyranny] Dr Mahathir also suggested that study of science as well as religion would be of considerable benefit in advancing the position of Muslim societies [1]; Dr Surin, a respected Muslim leader from Thailand, reportedly proposed an arrangement for promoting democracy in the Middle East by encouraging centers in Australian universities to attract Muslim students of science, technology and Islamic studies [1]. However this idea seems to need refinement. Show: more Numerous other attempts to identify the causes of, and remedies for, underdevelopment in the Muslim world have been reported, and these could also contribute to a framework for evaluation of the ideology of Islamist extremists. Show: examples

Problems in Extremist's Manifestos Unrealistic Idealism Domestic Causes of Disadvantage Progress through Mobilizing Local Initiative Islamic Theology is Not a Basis for Good Science

Problems in Islamist Extremists' Presumed Manifestos? [<] It seems very likely for various reasons that the ideologies and solutions advocated by Islamist extremists are unrealistic (eg because of their contamination by conspiracy theories). Moreover there seem to be plausible explanations of the problems that Muslim-dominated societies have suffered which imply that a great deal would be gained by liberating internal initiative (which is arguably the reverse of the practical effect of Islamism). Unrealistic Idealism? There are reasons to suspect that extremists' ideologies could be unrealistic. For example: Palazzi's claims imply that extremists' manifesto's (like Hitler's Mein Kampf) may be the product of 'academic' ideologies reflecting the perspective of people who lack engagement with practical political and economic affairs. If so, it is probable that their proposals would not actually stand up to informed critical review; Islamist extremists have been suggested to be attracted to the 'hard' sciences in universities - an attraction that presumably follows from the parallels between the apparent strict determinism of the natural laws of physics that undergraduates study and Islam's traditional desire for communal enforcement of simple rules of behaviour. However developing an effective political and economic system requires knowledge derived from social sciences that deal with systems that do not behave in accordance with similar simple laws, and the social sciences apparently tend to be an area that Islamic scholars do not explore; Also, some of the more esoteric paths to determining 'truth' that are envisaged within Islamic science appear to give rise to risks that (at least occasionally) the delusions of apparently 'noble leaders' will gain uncritical acceptance. One US observer has suggested that extremist's ideologies reflect the limited information available within relatively closed Muslim communities. Show: details Islamist extremists (and many others in the Muslim world) also appear to subscribe to the convenient theory that centuries of oppressive practices by Western elites are the sole / primary cause of the disadvantage that Muslim societies have experienced. Show: example Such ideas are developed by conspiracy theorists in Western societies who typically seem to be pure 'idealists' who lack practical involvement in (and thus realistic information about) political and economic practices - and these assumptions seem to be accepted and amplified in Islamic societies. In particular the interpretation which extreme Leftists place on Western societies has been seen as the basis on which the West is understood by Islamist extremists [1]. Show: a comment on 'grand conspiracy' theories The apparent contamination of Islamist ideologies by conspiracy theories is a major obstacle to the development of realistic proposals for a solution to problems in the Middle East or elsewhere because (even if everything in those theories were true) a credible proposal can only be defined by being in favour of something, not by being against somebody. It seems likely that there could be ways in which the global framework could be enhanced to give all a reasonable prospect of success (eg see Defusing a Clash?). However such reforms will not be achieved on the basis of conspiracy theories that blame scapegoats. Domestic Causes of Disadvantage Muslim-dominated countries have long and complex histories, and many factors in those histories can be seen to have created problems (eg as argued above). And it would be invalid to claim that external influences have played no role. For example prevailing international business practices and economic wisdom arguably undermine the effectiveness of local economic leadership especially in regions with rich resources like much of the Middle East. However there are some fundamental and extremely significant explanations of long-term disadvantage that appear to relate to unevaluated and unrecognized side effects of domestic constraints which seem to arise from Islam's Arabic roots such as: the enforcement of moral legalism through family, community and (at times) state institutions that seriously constrains change / initiative / innovation that are vital to economic prosperity. The latter seems closely related to the broader world-view that scholars have elaborated around Islam (perhaps as a result of features of pre-Islamic Arabic thought). Features of this world-view include, for example: the denial of the possibility / desirability of 'free will' tends to lead Muslim societies to political authoritarianism and economic weakness; a lack of effort to ensure successful outcomes, because outcomes are seen to reflect 'the will of Allah' [It was suggested by a contact from Africa that authorities would not have questioned the heavy overloading of a ferry which subsequently sank with the loss of many lives because whether or not overloading would result in problems was 'the will of Allah']; the assumed unity of nature and the Divine means that (a) it is difficult to understand the world - because it is viewed as simply a manifestation of God's will and (b) economic weakness must be viewed as either a judgment of God or the work of evil foreigners - an assumption that encourages conspiracy theories; 'Islamic' concepts about science do not seem to be a basis for good science (eg see About Arabic Thought and Islamic Science). This seems to involve ideas that do not necessarily follow from the teachings of Islam as a religion - but seem to be the product of the attempts by scholars to build a rational cosmology around Islam that was consistent with earlier Arabic world-views. There is some 'logic' in a tribal environment in presuming that individual initiative is likely to be dysfunctional for society as a whole - and this seems to be a key source of the perceived need for 'religious legalism' to be enforced through coercive family / communal pressure on individuals that has been carried over from 7th century Arabic tribal practices. Without the supportive social, economic and political environments that were created in Western societies and the introduction of broadly-based education individual rationality could never have become a more-or-less reliable (if not trouble free) method for problem solving. And the creation of those 'liberal' environment was critically dependent on the freedom from religious legalism that was provided by Christianity (see Cultural Foundations of Western Progress: The Realm of the Rational / Responsible Individual). Religious liberty, as an alternative to religious legalism, would not mean that parents could not teach or discipline their children (or that adults could not advise their family / friends / neighbours; or that religious leaders could not teach about their faith). But it would avoid the obstacles to progress that any society must suffer if mortal humans claim that they have authority for judging the morality / ethics of what others do. Progress Through Mobilizing Local Initiative Muslim countries might best reduce their problems by exploring institutions and arrangements that allow ongoing economic and political change to be faster. Strict enforcement of a single set of moral principles (eg through communal pressure on individuals) encourages a fairly uniform way of life amongst a people which, while promoting harmony, inhibits the ongoing change that is absolutely vital for economic prosperity in particular. This did not matter too much when nothing changed much from generation to generation - but its effect has become disastrous as the pace of change has accelerated in recent centuries / decades Show: why economic change matters The Islamist goal of adopting the Shari'a as the basis for a government and law might compound existing weaknesses by seeking to judge changing and complex social and economic systems by relatively unchanging religious principles that can most relevantly be applied to individuals. In the case of Western societies it is fairly clear that governments are more effective in dealing with their secular responsibilities because of the separation of church and state. There have been experiments with both the adoption of Shari'a law (in Iran) and the rejection of Shari'a law (in Turkey) from which lessons can be drawn [1]. It can be noted that the Islamist revolution in Iran has reportedly reduced per capita incomes to 1/3 of what they were previously [1]. Other media sources have also suggested a substantial increase in social inequality and injustice. Islamic Theology is Not a Basis for Good Science And unfortunately the apparent idealistic hope that Islam might contribute to general human advancement by imposing a moral order on the modern science and technology that underpins economic materialism also seems likely to be in vain. Show: comments on apparent assumptions about the modernising benefits of Islamic science The irony of the situation is that traditional Islam may have been resisting modernity quite unnecessarily. A plausible case can be made that fundamentalists (of many faiths) have been so busy fearing modernity (and thus limiting their prospects and losing intellectual credibility) that they have failed to note that modernity now may NOT be inconsistent with traditional religious discourse. The historical difficulties Muslim societies have faced could be partly due to the fact that Islamic scholars, who have the highest levels of understanding, have at times interpreted Islam as requiring them to violently suppress further advances in knowledge. Moreover, as noted above, it may have been the risk that globalization would allow alternative ideas to bypass censorship by Islamic scholars that has now been a factor in encouraging extremists to direct attacks against Western societies that have been the drivers of globalization.

Increasing Understanding Practical Experience for Moderate Islamists Evaluating Islamic Science External Help in Increasing Understanding Benefits for Muslims Benefits for Others Australia's Inadequate Response (Censorship is not the Answer + Isolationism is Also Inadequate)

Increasing Understanding of Realistic 'Solutions' [<] While it has reasonably been argued that theological assumptions can never be dis-proven by theological arguments [1], current Islamist proposals have significant political, economic and science implications whose likely practical effectiveness could be evaluated. It may well be that the present author's understanding of these complex issues is misguided - and that careful examination taking account of all expert opinions would show that moderate Islamists' proposals would provide for effective political, economic, social, administrative, legal and scientific arrangements (noting that quite significant changes to current mainstream arrangements may well be required to deal with prevailing global challenges). However, if this is not the case then moderate Islamists could only advocate (say) adoption of the Shari'a on the basis that this is required by Allah to protect Islam - and be left with the problem of showing traditional Muslims (and others) why Allah would want them to adopt an ineffective system of political economy (etc) and abandon any aspirations of achieving equality with relatively more prosperous East Asian and Western societies. In any case, extremists who hope to effect change through violence are unlikely to have anything to contribute to increasing understanding of practical solutions. Show: why those who seek change through violence probably have nothing to contribute Understanding of practical solutions to the problems afflicting Muslim dominated nations would have widespread benefits and could perhaps be best facilitated through: encouraging practical experience of moderate Islamism; evaluation of Islamic assumptions about science; and external support in evaluating the practical requirements for success by such societies. Practical Experience for Moderate Islamists The practical relevance of moderate or radical Islamists' political manifestos could be made more obvious to potential supporters if moderate Islamists gain some measure of political legitimacy so that they have to justify or implement their proposals in a practical sense. Show: the moderating effect of political legitimacy Islamists appear to have gained legitimacy in Pakistan [1]; and Turkey - under a currently secular constitution [1]. Moreover a democratically minded Islamist party appears to have emerged in Indonesia, apparently having concluded that revolution is not an effective way to gain power [1]. Islamists could on demographic grounds reasonably be predicted to gain power in Iraq under the (more-or-less) democratic political process that has been established following the US-led invasion [1, 2]. Radical Islamists gained power democratically in Palestine [1] and have done well in elections in Egypt, Iraq and Lebanon - under a slogan of 'Islam is the solution' [1]. Evaluating Islamic Science As well as evaluating the practicality of Islamists' proposals (ie whether Islam can actually be 'the answer' politically, economically, socially, administratively and legally), it would also be useful to make clear to traditional Muslims and outsiders whether the ideology of Islamists (who seem to be seeking a broader acceptance for Islam on the basis of integrating Islamic ideas with their understanding of modernity, science and engineering) is based on good science. External Help in Increasing Understanding It has been suggested that the unwillingness / inability of the Muslim majority to challenge Islamic radicals is a problem. Show: why moderate leadership cowers However when violence is used to promote naive political goals (or when there are no competent civil institutions able to inform a community about the practical political and economic implications of policy), policy weaknesses may not be able to be popularly understood. Show: the dangers in debating public policy If possible 'solutions' in parts of the Muslim world cannot gain any political legitimacy because of violence (eg by fundamentalists) and if efforts to expose Islamist extremists' manifestos to critical review seemed likely to be too dangerous in Muslim dominated countries, a country such as Australia could commission a domestic Islamic panel to suggest how Australians can best aid Muslim dominated countries generally. This would necessarily involve the grass roots' panel acting like a 'jury' by: considering ALL options (including those advocated by Islamists); seeking comments on those proposals from experts; drawing their own conclusions; and encouraging external commentary on the process and its conclusions. Show: example Benefits for Muslims Muslim religious leaders (including those in Australia) must have a strong motivation to evaluate extremists' ideology (eg because the extremists have challenged traditional authorities). Show: the challenge facing Muslim leaders Muslim religious leaders must also have a motivation to evaluate extremists' ideologies because their communities will necessarily remain the subject of intense suspicion [1] so long as there is a risk that extremists might emerge from them and perhaps even use weapons of mass destruction [1] in terrorist attacks . Benefits for the Others Western leaders should have motivations to support such an initiative also, because, as difficulties in Iraq have shown, security forces are not an effective way of dealing with problems that have ideological roots. However the US government, which has sought to take the global lead in countering Islamist extremism, does not appear to have focused on evaluation of the ideologies involved. A late 2005 report showed that in countering Islamist extremism its agencies focused on counterintelligence, counterterrorism, traditional diplomacy, force protection, public diplomacy, and economic and humanitarian assistance [1]. It seems to be assumed that extremists' ideology is patently stupid and would not be accepted by anyone but ignorant religious fanatics which seems a poor basis for effective communication with educated people who do believe that ideology to be rational and reasonable. Australia's Inadequate Response [added later] Australia's response to the opportunity to help Muslim dominated nations to deal with their challenges was disappointing - because the focus was merely on reducing risks to Australia of violence by Islamist extremists. Initially this involved trying to censor radicals and then seeking to neutralise their potential domestic impact (ie to isolate Australia from the problems many Islamic societies face without doing much to help solve them). Show: Censorship is not the Answer Show: Isolationism is Also Inadequate In 2012 an Australia federal politician seemed to set a new low in Australia's response to this challenge, when (without clearly stating what he was talking about) he reportedly suggested that a European critic of Islamism (and of Islam) was the sort of 'extremist' whose views needed to be ‘defeated in a contest of rational thought’ (see Discrediting Extremists is Long Overdue).

Islam's Crisis

The Crisis Facing Islam [<] Islamist extremists have arguably created a crisis for Islam as a whole, which could significantly erode its influence because they have: sought through violence to advance the claim that the religion of Islam can be a viable framework for a practical modern system of government; developed an ideology about this largely behind closed doors (which may deliberately be being kept secret). That ideology apparently incorporates a combination of traditional (coercive) strands of Islamic thought and modern ideas; challenged traditional authorities and implied that those who 'take their religion seriously' need to support through militant action the oft-stated claim that Islam deals with all aspects of life and could be a viable framework for government; This constitutes a potential threat to Islam as a whole. Show: Further thoughts on the risks to Islam Because of the security threat the extremists pose, which will put all Muslim communities under pressure, and the (Western-educated?) extremists' challenge to traditional religious authorities, Islam's dubious metaphysical assumptions are likely to be have to be defended under the critical case of the entire world before the risks are abated and will probably be discredited. Moreover the need to create an environment in which local initiative is not suppressed by 'tribal' pressures to conform (so as to accelerate social, economic, political and environmental progress) arguably requires review of the effect that Arabic tribal traditions had as Islam emerged from its Jewish and Christian roots. Re-examination of the framework for responsible individual liberty that was created by Christianity's founder (Jesus who Muslims call 'Isa and recognise as Islam's greatest prophet) might be an extremely useful step (see Where Did Religious Freedom Come From?). Thus the main long term effect of the extremists' actions could be to erode the foundations of the intellectual authority which Arabic / Islamic scholars have traditionally exerted over Muslim communities, and (perhaps) to thus liberate Muslim peoples from centuries of intellectual bondage.

CPDS Notes: Is There Coercive Religious Legalism In Islam?

Show: Coercive Religious Legalism in Islam?

CPDS Notes: Is Islam a Religion of Peace?

Show: Is Islam a Religion of Peace?

CPDS Notes: About Islamic State

Show: About Islamic State

CPDS Notes: Radicalization of Youth

Show: Radicalization of Youth

CPDS Notes: Desertions

Show: Desertions

CPDS Notes: Suggestions about Solutions

Show: Suggestions about Solutions

Hitting Osama, but Missing Islamist Extremism +

Show: Hitting Osama, but Missing Islamist Extremism

Harsh Methods to Counter Terrorism + A Better Method + What Went Wrong? + Who is to Blame? Email exchange on the limited influence that the humanities have had in universities Freedom and Progress in the Middle East

Show: Freedom and Progress in the Middle East

Saving Muslims from Themselves

Show: Saving Muslims from Themselves

Discrediting Extremists is Long Overdue

Show: Discrediting Extremists is Long Overdue

Tell Islamists that Sharia Need not be Embodied in National Laws

Show: Tell Islamists that Sharia Need not be Embodied in National Laws

Sharia Responses from Ibrahim Siddiq-Conlon Response from Mark Durie Discrediting Islamism + Islamism Responses from Ibrahim Siddiq-Conlon

Show: Sharia Responses from Ibrahim Siddiq-Conlon Show: Response from Mark Durie

Show: Discrediting Islamism Show: Islamism responses from Ibrahim Siddiq-Conlon

We need Enlightenment to Combat Radicals Show: We need Enlightenment to Combat Radicals Please Don't Trivialize Oppression

Show: Please Don't Trivialize Oppression

Even Moderate Islam Seems Damagingly Rigid

Show: Even Moderate Islam Seems Damagingly Rigid

The Implications of Islam

Show: The Implications of Islam

Liberty and Islam in Australia

Show: Liberty and Islam in Australia

What Went Wrong in Iraq?

Show: What Went Wrong in Iraq?

The Effect of Political Instability Is the Barbarity of ISIS Another Attempt to Ensnare the US in the Middle East?

Show: Is ISIS Seeking to Ensnare the US?

Is ISIS a Bit Player in a Bigger Story?

Show: Is ISIS a Bit Player in a Bigger Story?

An Alternative to Fighting Radical Islamism Show: An Alternative to Fighting Radical Islamism for 100 Years for 100 Years Islamism and 'Team Australia' +

Show: Islamist Extremism Poses Broader Risks to 'Team Australia'

‘In Denmark a Bruising Multiculturalism’ Does the 'Islamic State' have Staying Power? Show: Does the 'Islamic State' have Staying Power? Challenging the Idea of an Islamic State

Show: Challenging the Idea of an Islamic State

Are Modernizing Islamist Ideologies Involved? Conflicts Must Arise Without SelfDiscipline Shariah: The Threat to Muslims

Show: Shariah: The Threat to Muslims

Politicians are Wrong: Terrorism by Islamist Extremists Does Involve Islam

Show: Politicians are Wrong: Terrorism by Islamist Extremists Does Involve Islam

Eliminating the Need to Focus on 'Muslims'

Show: Eliminating the Need to Focus on 'Muslims'

Cooperation with Australia's Muslims Could Show: Cooperation with Australia's Muslims Could Help Solve the Crisis Facing the Whole Muslim World Help Solve the Crisis Facing the Whole Muslim World Taking Away the 'Islamic State's' Religious 'Oxygen'

Show: Taking Away the 'Islamic State's' Religious 'Oxygen'

Bringing Freedom to Muslims Would Bring Peace to the Middle East

Show: Bringing Freedom to Muslims Would Bring Peace to the Middle East Show: Response

Responses Creating the Cultural Preconditions for Liberal Institutions Such as Democracy

Show: Creating the Cultural Preconditions for Liberal Institutions Such as Democracy

Defeating the Ideology of Islamist Terrorists

Show: Defeating the Ideology of Islamist Terrorists

Feedback + Outline of "Caliphate fantasy gathers its force from the earliest traditions of Islam"

Putting the 'Caliphate' in Context

Show: Putting the 'Caliphate' in Context

Liberating Muslim Women (and Men)

Show: Liberating Muslim Women (and Men)

Wearing the Burqa: A 'Canary in the Coalmine' for Muslim Communities Fairness and Trust are Only the Start in Countering Terrorism

Show: Fairness and Trust are Only the Start in Countering Terrorism

Winning the 'War on Terror' Would be Better than Fighting it Forever

Show: Winning the 'War on Terror' Would be Better than Fighting it Forever

Blame Religious Legalism for the Middle East's Problems

Show: Blame Religious Legalism for the Middle East's Problems

Blocking 'Hate' Preachers

Show: Blocking 'Hate' Preachers

If the public were aware of the real issues, Australia's Muslim's would get widespread public sympathy

Show: If the public were aware of the real issues, Australia's Muslim's would get widespread public sympathy

Are Outsiders to Blame for the Middle East's Problems? Heading off Violent Jihad through an Australian Centre for Social Cohesion

Show: Heading off Violent Jihad through an Australian Centre for Social Cohesion

ISIS would be 'Islamic' Even If Beheadings are Not

Show: ISIS would be 'Islamic' Even if Beheadings Are Not

The Barbarity of the so-called 'Islamic State' is not the Only Problem

Show: The Barbarity of the so-called 'Islamic State' is not the Only Problem

Finding Real Solutions for the Middle East

Show: Finding Real Solutions for the Middle East

Making Islamists' Ideology the Focus in Countering Terrorism

Show: Making Islamists' Ideology the Focus in Countering Terrorism

Beating Radicalization

Show: Beating Radicalization

Analyse the Practicality of Extremists' Ideology

Show: Analyse the Practicality of Extremists' Ideology

Discrediting Islamist Ideologies is Not AntiMuslim

Show: Discrediting Islamist Ideologies is Not Anti-Muslim

Resulting Interchange with Noah Bassil The 'Dirty Work' Needed to Contain Terrorism Risks is a Major Rationale for Terrorism

Show: The 'Dirty Work' Needed to Contain Terrorism Risks is a Major Rationale for Terrorism

Helping Muslims Resist Islamism

Show: Helping Muslims Resist Islamism

Individual Accountability to God: A Critical Show: Individual Accountability to God: A Critical Requirement for Overcoming Muslim Societies' Historical Disadvantages Requirement for Overcoming Muslim Societies' Historical Disadvantages Using the 'Power of the 'Pen' to Defeat Islamist Extremism and Give Muslim Societies a Better Future

Show: Using the 'Power of the 'Pen' to Defeat Islamist Extremism and Give Muslim Societies a Better Future

Individual Responsibility for Actions

Show: Individual Responsibility for Actions

The Islamic Roots of Islamic Radicalism

Show: The Islamic Roots of Islamic Radicalism

Life Wasn't Meant to Be Easy

Show: Life Wasn't Meant to be Easy

Rescuing Islam: Intellectual Freedom for Scholars Would Not Be Enough

Show: Rescuing Islam: Intellectual Freedom for Scholars Would Not Be Enough

Islamist Extremists are not Alone in Favouring Pre-modern Social Systems

Show: Islamist Extremists are not the Only Ones Who Favour Premodern Social Systems

A Possible Relationship Between Illiberal Systems Background Note Creating a Better World

Show: Creating a Better World

"Muslims Youth Pushed to Margins of Society" - by Islam?

Show: Muslims Youth Pushed to Margins of Society - by Islam?

Response from 'Anonymous' Muslim Organisation Countering Islamic State Propaganda

Show: Countering Islamic State Propaganda

Exposing the Unrealistic Intellectual Foundations of Islamist Extremism

Show: Exposing the Unrealistic Intellectual Foundations of Islamist Extemism

The Role of Theology in Combatting Islamic Show: The Role of Theology in Combatting Islamic State State Ending Muslim Jobs' Discrimination is Easy: Show: Ending Muslim Jobs' Discrimination is Easy: Just Liberate Muslims Just Liberate Muslims Military Tactics are Not Enough

Show: Military Tactics are Not Enough

Some Thoughts on Reforming Islam and the Show: Some Thoughts on Reforming Islam and the World World Terrorism Can't Be Dug Out Just at Grassroots Level

Show: Terrorism Can't Be Dug Out Just at Grassroots Level

Encouraging Reform of Islam: Mr Turnbull's Show: Encouraging Reform of Islam: Mr Turnbull's Opportunity to Counter Islamist Radicalization Opportunity to Counter Islamist Radicalization Private Response from Asian Counterterrorism Expert The Solution Must Go Deeper than Race Hate Laws

Show: The Solution Must Go Deeper than Race Hate Laws

Muslims Need to Decide for Themselves Whether Islamism Could Work

Show: Muslims Need to Decide for Themselves Whether Islamism Could Work

Muslims' Responsibility For Stopping Terrorism

Show: Muslims' Responsibility For Stopping Terrorism

An 'Indian' View Defeating Islamist Ideology Faces Obstacles Show: Defeating Islamist Ideology Faces Obstacles Embrace Reformist Muslims in Fight Against Jihadist Threat

Show: Embrace Reformist Muslims in Fight Against Jihadist Threat

Reforming the Grand Muftis' Role In Australia?

Show: Reforming the Grand Muftis' Role In Australia?

Winning the 'War on Terror': A Suggestion

Show: Winning the 'War on Terror': A Suggestion

Paris Attacks in Broader Context?

Show: Paris Attacks in Broader Context?

Muslims' Problems Won't Be Solved Just by Show: Muslims' Problems Won't Be Solved Just by Embracing the Majority Embracing the Majority Islamic State Would Love to See 'Boots on the Ground'

Show: Islamic State Would Love to See 'Boots on the Ground'

Current Anti-Extremism Programs are Probably Almost Content Free

Show: Current Anti-Extremism Programs are Probably Almost Content Free

Changing What Needs to be Changed: Islam Show: Changing What Needs to be Changed: Islam Studying and Fixing Islam's Problems

Show: Studying and Fixing Islam's Problems

An Outside-in Strategy for Defeating Islamic Show: An Outside-in Strategy for Defeating Islamic State? State? Towards a Frank and Open Discussion About the Causes of Islamist Extremism

Show: Towards a Frank and Open Discussion About the Causes of Islamist Extremism

Response from John Esposito + CPDS Reply Drawing Attention to Opportunities to Reform Islam is Constructive

Show: Drawing Attention to Opportunities to Reform Islam is Constructive

Australia's Official Misunderstanding of Muslims' Problems

Show: Australia's Official Misunderstanding of Muslims' Problems

Eliminating the Need for Surveillance and Soft Despotism

Show: Eliminating the Need for Surveillance and Soft Despotism

Is 'Truth Telling on Religion' by Politicians Compatible with a Secular State?

Show: Is 'Truth Telling on Religion' by Politicians Compatible with a Secular State?

An Alternative View Getting Australian Muslims a 'Fair Go'

Show: Getting Australian Muslims a 'Fair Go'

Getting Aussie Muslims and non-Muslims Together is Not That Simple

Show: Getting Aussie Muslims and non-Muslims Together is Not That Simple

Scale of Propaganda is Irrelevant if It is Challenged Decisively

Show: Scale of Propaganda is Irrelevant if It is Challenged Decisively

Muslims Must Lead the ISIS Fight - But Muslim Armies Can't

Show: Muslims Must Lead the ISIS Fight - But Muslim Armies Can't

Muslims' Problems are Not Limited to Islamist Extremism, and Can't Be Solved Simply by Reclaiming Islam's Past Intellectual Traditions

Show: Muslims' Problems are Not Limited to Islamist Extremism, and Can't Be Solved Simply by Reclaiming Islam's Past Intellectual Traditions

Should Muslims Aspire to Recreate The Golden Age of Islam?

Show: Should Muslims Aspire to Recreate The Golden Age of Islam?

Discrediting the Ideological Foundations of Islamist Radicals

Show: Discrediting the Ideological Foundations of Islamist Radicals

The West Won't Defeat ISIS with Military Forces

Show: The West Won't Defeat ISIS with Military Forces

Solidarity with Muslims is OK - Suggesting that Islam Doesn't Need Fundamental Reform is Not

Show: Solidarity with Muslims is OK - Suggesting that Islam Doesn't Need Fundamental Reform is Not

Resulting Interchange Middle East's Problems: Are Domestic or External Factors More Important?

Show: Middle East's Problems: Are Domestic or External Factors More Important?

Islam Promotes Stress Between Muslims and Show: Islam Promotes Stress Between Muslims and Everyone Else Everyone Else Why Muslims Don't Integrate: A Suggestion Show: Why Muslims Don't Integrate: A Suggestion Bendigo Mosque

Show: Bendigo Mosque

Is Name Calling the Smartest Way to Deal with 'Hate Groups'?

Show: Is Name Calling the Smartest Way to Deal with 'Hate Groups' ?

Another Option for OHPI: Encourage Freedom of Speech? Terror Must be Met with Brains - At Long Last

Show: Terror Must be Met with Brains - At Long Last

Reducing Ignorance: A Fresh Idea for Terror Show: Reducing Ignorance: A Fresh Idea for Terror Response Response Vilification Laws Can't Protect Religious Freedom

Show: Vilification Laws Can't Protect Religious Freedom

Dismissing Political Opponents as 'Racists' is Show: Dismissing Political Opponents as 'Racists' is Part of the Problem, Not a Solution Part of the Problem, Not a Solution Avoiding the Issue Victimhood May Have Become an Intrinsic Feature of Islam

Show: Victimhood May Have Become an Intrinsic Feature of Islam

Australians Should Unite Against the Repression of Muslims

Show: Australians Should Unite Against the Repression of Muslims

Another Path to One Nation

Show: Another Path to One Nation

Religion and The State: Reducing Western and Islamic Problems

Show: Religion and The State: Reducing Western and Islamic Problems

Unfortunately Terrorism CAN be Viewed as Show: Unfortunately Terrorism CAN be Viewed as an 'Act of Faith' an 'Act of Faith' Another View of Muslim 'Grievances'

Show: Another View of Muslim 'Grievances'

The Problem with Old Certainties

Show: The Problem With Old Certainties

Keeping Americans and Everyone Else Safe Show: Keeping Americans and Everyone Else Safe from Islamist Violence from Islamist Violence Criticism of Travel Bans Are Muslims' Problems the Result of Some Muslims' Cultures Rather Than of Their Religion?

Show: Are Muslims' Problems the Result of Some Muslims' Cultures Rather Than of Their Religion

Acceptance of Hitting Women is Only a Small Part of Muslims' Problems

Show: Acceptance of Hitting Women is Only a Small Part of Muslims' Problems

Which Muslim Leaders are Our Best Allies? Show: Which Muslim Leaders are Our Best Allies? Exposing the Source of Islamist Radicalization

Show: Exposing the Source of Islamist Radicalization

Interchange with Dr Andrew Jakubowicz Women Are Not The Only Muslims Who Would Benefit From Liberation

Show: Women Are Not The Only Muslims Who Would Benefit From Liberation

Assessing a Possible National Security Risk Without Considering National Security?

Show: Assessing a Possible National Security Risk Without Considering National Security?

The Need to Consider Islam's National Security Implications When World's Collide: ASIO Also Needs a Reality Check

Show: When World's Collide: ASIO Also Needs a Reality Check

Islam Needs Reform - Not Destruction

Show: Islam Needs Reform - Not Destruction

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Discouraging Pointless Extremism

DISCOURAGING POINTLESS EXTREMISM (2002+ AND RE-ARRANGED IN 2012) CPDS Home Contact Show: Related Documents and Viewpoints Overview + Overview The ...

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