Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Ethical Theory and Moral Practice

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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Ethical Theory and Moral Practice ‐ Basic course 721G22, Advanced course 721A47, Master's course 721A01 Course information, Schedule and Readings Fall 2017 Modern societies are confronted with many moral challenges. The focus of this course is the relation between ethical theory and moral practice. Until recently, recently, the term 'applied ethics' was taken quite literally: the application of ethical theory to issues in practical life. Nowadays, many ethicists acknowledge that the relationship between ethical theory and moral practice might be more interactive. Moral choices may be guided or criticized from the perspective of some ethical theory. But theories may also be criticized and adjusted from the point of view of well‐considered moral judgements concerning concrete problems. In this course, various normative ethical theories will be studied, like natural law theory, consequentialism, Kantianism and virtue ethics. The course provides insight into recent work on the main normative theories different methods of moral justification, and the use of theories and methods of justification within contemporary applied ethics. Students will learn to apply the theories to practical problems and to criticize and evaluate the theories in the light of their implications for practice. In the course, students read and analyse texts, participate in group discussions, write papers and are actively involved in seminar discussions. In addition, lectures are provided. Course responsible teacher: Elin Palm, Centre for Applied Ethics, LiU, elin.palm{at}liu.se – IKK 4212 Language of instructions: English. Course literature ‐ Torbjörn Tännsjö, (2008) Understanding Ethics, Edinburgh University Press (the third edition is available via LiU’s library as an e‐book). ‐ Articles to be made available via LISAM. Schedule Please note that the schedule might be subject to minor changes. Week Date Time Room Theme/To read 36 5/9 10‐12 2233 Introduction (Form 1) ‐ Tännsjö Chs. 1,2,3 and 4 36 6/9 10‐12 2233 Lecture 1 Consequentialism ‐ Philip Pettit: Consequentialism 36 7/9 13‐15 4410 Lecture 2 Non‐consequentialism (KVA) Frances Myrna Kamm: Non‐ consequentialism 37 12/9 10‐12 4257 Lecture 3 Moral Rights (Bild 2) ‐ Jeremy Waldron: Homelessness and Freedom

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 37 37 37

12/9 12/9 14/9

13‐15 15‐17 10‐12

4257 4257 4257

38 38 38 38 39 39 39

18/9 18/9 18/9 20/9 25/9 25/9 27/9

10‐12 13‐15 15‐17 13‐15 10‐12 13‐15 10‐12

4257 4257 4257 4257 4257 4257 4257

Seminar 1 Advanced/Master’s Seminar 1 Basic Lecture 4 Virtue Ethics ‐ Philippa Foot Lecture 5 Applied ethics: ICT‐Ethics Seminar 2 Advanced/Master’s Seminar 2 Basic Lecture 6 Applied ethics: Neuroethics Seminar 3 Advanced/Master’s Seminar 3 Basic Seminar 4 Paper workshop Advanced/ Master’s Seminar 4 Paper workshop Basic

39 27/9 13‐15 4257 Seminars All seminars are mandatory. Seminar 1 In one of the most influential papers in Applied Ethics, “Famine, Affluence and Morality”, Peter Singer discusses moral responsibility in relation to famine and disasters. In this seminar we will investigate What moral obligations we have to aid distant people in need and why and the extent to which we should seek to prevent suffering and death. Basic ‐ P. Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality Advanced & Master’s ‐ P. Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality ‐ P. Singer On the Appeal to Intuitions in Ethics Seminar 2 ICT‐ethics The proliferation and importance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has given rise to questions regarding equal opportunities and fair distribution. Abilities to access and engage with computers and the Internet are increasingly important to carry out economic, political, and social activities. The term “digital divide” depicts a gap between individuals, households, businesses and regions awith regard both to their opportunities to access and use ICT and the Internet. Moral implications of, and responsibilities for, such a divide are discussed in this seminar. Basic ‐ Britz, J. J. 2004. To know or not to know: a moral reflection on information poverty. Journal of Information Science, 30(1), 192‐204. Advanced & Master’s ‐ van den Hoven, J. and E. Rooksby (2008), “Distributive Justice and the Value of Information: A (Broadly) Rawlsian Approach,” in J. van den Hoven and J. Weckert

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 376–96. Seminar 3 Neuroethics This seminar focuses a recent debate on moral enhancement and the (alleged) improvement in agents’ moral thought and behaviour via discoveries in neuroscience. The overarching question to be discussed is: under what conditions, if at all, is it permissible for agents deliberately to enhance their cognition by means of the tools that contemporary neuroscience provides? Basic ‐

Boström, N and R, Roache (2007) Ethical issues inhuman enhancement.

Advanced & Master’s ‐ ‐

Savulescu, J. (2010), ‘Human liberation: Removing biological and psychological barriers to freedom,’ Monash Bioethics Review, 29 (1) Savulescu, J., Bostrom, N. (eds.) (2009), Human Enhancement, Oxford: Oxford University Press

Seminar 4 Paper workshop In this seminar, each student provides a short presentation of his or her paper. Each student will also serve as discussant on one paper, highlighting strengths and aspects to be further developed. Moreover, all students are expected to participate in the general discussion of the papers presented during the seminar. Papers will be distributed in advance (September 27th). Paper An “almost full‐fledged” version of the paper is submitted to the teacher September 22nd. The same version is presented in the seminar September 27th. After the seminar, students can incorporate comments from the discussant and from the audience in the paper. The final paper should be submitted to the teacher no later than September 29th. Examination The course is examined by active participation in seminars, by writing a paper and by discussing the paper/s of other student/s. Requirements and Grading for Students in the Basic Course: Students in the basic course will a) hand in shorter written assignments before each seminar (approx 300 words/seminar) b) during the seminar, prepare short in‐class group presentations (each group will have short presentations at each of the seminars). a) and write a short final paper (2000 words).

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Requirements and Grading for Students in the Advanced Course and Students in the Master’s Program in Applied Ethics: Students in the advanced course and Master Students will c) hand in shorter written assignments before each seminar (approx 300 words/seminar) d) be prepared to, individually, present answers to the preparatory seminar assignments during the seminar e) and write a final paper (3000 words)—worth 50% of the final grade.

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Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Ethical Theory and Moral Practice

Ethical Theory and Moral Practice Ethical Theory and Moral Practice ‐ Basic course 721G22, Advanced course 721A47, Master's course 721A01 Course infor...

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