globalisation

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Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

GLOBALISATION Fieldwork: January 2004 Publication: February 2004

PRESENTATION EU 15 summarised results in graphs, maps and tables

prepared by www.eosgallupeurope.com

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

menu Introduction and Methodology 1. Awareness of Globalisation 2. Acceptance of Globalisation 3. Globalisation and Family 4. Economic Impact of Globalisation 5. Openness of Countries Economy 6. Effective Control of Globalisation 7. Regulation of Globalisation 8. Economic, Social and Political Overview 9. Effects of Globalisation on Different Domains 10. Benefit from Globalisation 11. Anti-globalisation Movements 12. Level of Influence 13. Levels of Trust Conclusion

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

introduction As the world's leading trade power, the European Union accounts for 20% of global imports and exports and has a strong interest in creating conditions in which trade can prosper. The European Union is a leading player in international trade negotiations, working towards fair trade and seeking to harness globalisation through the WTO (World Trade Organisation). The underlying principle of European integration has been free trade between Member States and through the gradual removal of barriers between countries, the European Union has become an area within which people, goods, services and capital move freely. Globalisation means that an increasing number of countries, both rich and poor, are taking part in the world economy. This process is changing the pattern of world trade and increasingly affects our everyday lives. However, globalisation goes beyond trade…it means opening up countries to wider contact with each other in order to allow for the free flow of goods, services, people and technologies. In October 2003, EOS Gallup Europe on behalf of the Directorate-General Press and Communication turned to citizens of the 15 Member States for their views on globalisation. Over 7500 citizens across the EU were given the opportunity to voice their opinion on globalisation. The underlying objective being to assess levels of awareness and support, opinions on its regulation, key players in the process, as well as its effects and consequences.

methodology For Who? DG Press - The European Commission When? Between 8th and 16th October 2003 Who? 7,515 citizens of the EU member states were interviewed

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

How? By telephone

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

1. Awareness of Globalisation Have you personally, ever heard of globalisation? Answers: Yes

Country Results 80% - 100%

Austria

90%

60% - 69%

Finland

89%

50% - 59%

Greece

88%

Italia

88%

France

86%

Sweden

82%

Denmark

81%

Ireland

81%

Spain

78%

EU 15

77%

Netherlands

77%

Portugal

75%

Belgium

72%

Germany

71%

United Kingdom

62%

Luxembourg

61%

70% - 79%

0% - 49%

91%

70%

21yrs

EDUCATION

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

2. Acceptance of Globalisation Globalisation is the general opening-up of all economies, which leads to the creation of a truly world-wide market. Are you personally totally in favour, rather in favour, rather opposed or totally opposed to the development of globalisation? Answers: In favour

Country Results Netherlands

78%

70% - 79%

Ireland

71%

60% - 69%

Germany

71%

Italy

67%

Luxembourg

66%

Finland

66%

Belgium

64%

EU 15

63%

Portugal

63%

France

63%

Denmark

60%

United Kingdom

60%

Sweden

58%

Austria

52%

Spain

51%

Greece

47%

80% - 100%

50% - 59% 0% - 49%

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

3. Globalisation and Family In your opinion, if globalisation intensifies in the future, would you say that overall this would be more or less advantageous for you and your family?

Country Results

more advantageous 55% - 70% 35% - 54% 0% - 34%

Ireland

66%

Portugal

63%

United Kingdom

61%

Germany

60%

Netherlands

55%

EU 15

52%

Spain

51%

Denmark

49%

Sweden

49%

Italy

48%

Luxembourg

47%

Finland

46%

Belgium

43%

France

43%

Austria

34%

Greece

33%

Country Results

less advantageous 55% - 70% 35% - 54% 0% - 34%

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

France

47%

Greece

46%

Belgium

44%

Germany

34%

Luxembourg

34%

Austria

34%

EU 15

32%

Netherlands

32%

Finland

31%

United Kingdom

29%

Denmark

28%

Spain

26%

Italy

25%

Ireland

23%

Sweden

21%

Portugal

17%

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

4. Economic Impact of Globalisation Of the following two propositions, which is the one which is closest to your opinion with regard to golbalisation? Globalisation represents a good opportunity for [NATIONALITY] companies thanks to the opening-up of markets / Globalisation represents a threat to employment and companies in our country

Country Results

Opportunity 50% > 40% - 49% < 39%

Sweden

65%

Denmark

64%

Netherlands

63%

Ireland

63%

Italy

63%

United Kingdom

61%

Germany

61%

Finland

60%

EU 15

56%

Spain

56%

Portugal

55%

Luxembourg

53%

Austria

50%

Belgium

45%

France

40%

Greece

40%

Country Results

threat 50% > 40% - 49% < 39%

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

France

58%

Greece

58%

Belgium

53%

Luxembourg

43%

Austria

41%

EU 15

39%

Portugal

39%

Germany

35%

Spain

35%

Netherlands

35%

United Kingdom

35%

Finland

34%

Ireland

33%

Italy

32%

Denmark

30%

Sweden

24%

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

5. Openness of Countries Economy Currently, do you consider that our country's economy is too open, too closed or is suited to the development of the worldwide economy? Answers - 1) Too open 2) Too closed 3) Suited to the development of the worldwide economy

46%

35% 29%

41%

48%

51%

39%

60%

35%

37%

68%

47%

25%

53%

59% 42%

29%

52%

48%

33%

42% 29%

33%

31% 24%

29%

21% 18%

29%

UK

D

20%

EU15

19%

IRL Too open

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

26% 18%

9%

26% 21%

F

23%

19%

N

18%

B

16%

L Too closed

15%

EL

15%

I

15%

FIN

14%

A

Suited to the development of the worldwide economy

14%

P

11%

11%

E

S

8%

DK

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

6. Effective Control of Globalisation In your opinion, could the process of globalisation be effectively controlled and regulated? Answers: Total "Yes”

Country Results Italy

75%

Ireland

70%

70% - 79%

Portugal

68%

60% - 69%

France

67%

Greece

64%

EU 15

62%

Belgium

60%

United Kingdom

60%

Spain

58%

Netherlands

58%

Germany

56%

Finland

55%

Austria

46%

Luxembourg

46%

Sweden

45%

Denmark

36%

80% - 100%

50% - 59% 0% - 49%

69%

47%

in favour

opposed

Position on Globalisation

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

7. Regulation of Globalisation In your opinion, could the process of globalisation be effectively controlled and regulated? Answers: Total "Yes”

72% 67% 67% 66% 59%

56% 56% 55%

53% 53% 47%

44% 37%

35% 31% 31%

I

EL

P

F

61%

E

IRL EU15

B

The Voice of Europe

D

FIN

A

N

57%

58%

in favour

oppose

51%

female

GENDER GLOBALISATION

UK

62%

51%

male

L

25-39

AGE

55+

POSITION ON GLOBALISATION

DK

S

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

8. Economic, Social and Political Overview Could you tell me whether you think that globalisation has a rather positive or a rather negative effect on each of the following domains? Answers: "rather positive effect" 83%

57%

40%

Scientific and technical progress

Economic growth in our country

Employment in our country

64% 59%

Solidarity between countries

Democracy at a worldwide level

80%

56% 51% 44%

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Cultural exchange between countries

Health

Quality of public service

Environment

41%

Disparities between Northern and Southern Countries

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

9. Effects of Globalisation on Different Domains Could you tell me whether you think that globalisation has a rather positive or a rather negative effect on each of the following domains? Answers: "rather positive effect”

(+70)

(+65)

(+33)

13%

15%

31%

(+27) 32%

83%

(+20) 37%

(+22) 34%

(+14)

(-4) 48%

37%

(-7) 48%

(-12) 52%

80%

64% 59%

57%

56% 51% 44%

Scientific and technical progress

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Cultural exchange between countries

Solidarity between countries

41%

40%

Quality Environment Disparities Employment in our between of public country Northern and services Southern Countries

Democracy at Economic growth in a worldwide our country level

Health

Rather positive effect

Rather negative effect

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

10. Benefit from Globalisation For each of the following actors, could you tell me if in your opinion, it benefits from globalisation? Answers based on EU 15 average for "Yes”

87% 80%

77%

76% 68%

66%

64% 54%

38%

Multinationals

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Financial markets

European Union

United States

Japan

China

Consumers

Developing countries

Small and medium sizes companies

35%

Farmers

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

11. Anti-globalisation Movements Concerning anti or alter-globalisation movements, would you say that they ... ? Answers based on EU 15 Average

16%

33%

58%

53%

61%

79%

63%

39%

raise points that deserve to be debated

raise your awareness of certain aspects of globalisation

propose concrete solutions to globalisation

Yes, rather

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

36%

manage to slow down the process of globalisation

No, rather not

34%

succeed in influencing national political decision-makers

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

12. Level of Influence For each of the following actors, tell me if it has/they have ... on the process of globalisation. Answers based on EU 15 Averages

54% 34%

37%

34%

35%

55%

11%

66%

11%

7%

49% 75% 62%

59%

21%

24%

22%

30%

10%

15%

15%

37% 32%

32%

8%

32% 27%

25%

23%

23%

22%

21% 14%

European Union

National Governments

Our Country

International Institutions

Just the right level of influence

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

Political Parties

Anti-globalist Movements

Trade Unions

Too much influence

Financial Circles

Consumer Associations

Not enough influence

MultiNationals

United States

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

13. Levels of Trust For these actors, could you tell me if you ... for ensuring that globalisation goes in the right direction? Answers based on EU 15 Averages for "Trust”

67% 61%

60% 56% 45%

45%

42% 33%

Consumer Associations

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

European Union

Our Country

International Institutions

Trade Unions

National Governments

Anti-globalist Movements

Financial Circles

31%

MultiNationals

28%

28%

Political Parties

United States

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER

conclusion • Globalisation process does not frighten the citizens of the European Union. • European Union citizens would like to see more regulation to accompany (rather not to combat) this process. • One must participate in globalisation if one wishes to control it effectively.

GLOBALISATION The Voice of Europe

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globalisation

Flash Eurobarometer 151b EUROBAROMETER GLOBALISATION Fieldwork: January 2004 Publication: February 2004 PRESENTATION EU 15 summarised results in gra...

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