Breast Cancer Detection Kidney Disease Choose Topic + Also Known As: Renal Disease, Kidney Failure, Chronic Kidney Disease, CKD, Acute Kidney Injury, AKI, Acute Renal Failure, ARF, End Stage Renal Disease, ESRD, Nephrotic Syndrome
This article was last reviewed on March 28, 2014. This article was last modified on October 25, 2017.
What are the kidneys? The kidneys are part of the body's urinary tract. The urinary tract consists of two kidneys, two tube-like ureters that drain urine from each kidney into the bladder (a storage sac), and the urethra (/glossary/urethra), another tube that carries the urine out of the body. Muscles help control the release of urine from the bladder. The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are located at the bottom of the ribcage in the right and left sides of...
About Kidney Diseases Types of Kidney Disease
Signs and Symptoms
Tests and Diagnosis
Related Content On this site Tests: Albumin (/tests/albumin), Blood Gases (/tests/blood-gases), BUN (/tests/blood-urea-nitrogen-bun), Calcium (/tests/calcium), Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (/tests/comprehensive-metabolic-panel-cmp), Creatinine (/tests/creatinine), estimated GFR (/tests/estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-egfr), Creatinine Clearance (/tests/creatinine-clearance), Electrolytes (/tests/electrolytes), Erythropoietin (/tests/erythropoietin), Urine Albumin (/tests/urine-albumin-and-albumincreatinine-ratio), PTH (/tests/parathyroid-hormone-pth), Phosphorus (/tests/phosphorus), Potassium (/tests/potassium), Prealbumin (/stakeholders/association-public-health-laboratoriesaphl), Renin (/tests/aldosterone-and-renin), Urinalysis (/tests/urinalysis), Urine Culture (/tests/urine-culture), Beta-2 Microglobulin (/tests/beta-2-microglobulin-kidneydisease), Kidney Stone Analysis (/tests/kidney-stone-analysis), Kidney Stone Risk Panel (/tests/kidney-stone-risk-panel), Renal Panel (/tests/renal-panel) Conditions: Diabetes (/conditions/diabetes), Hypertension (/conditions/hypertension), Autoimmune disorders (/conditions/autoimmune-diseases), Lupus (/conditions/lupus), Acidosis and Alkalosis (/glossary/acidosis), Proteinuria (/conditions/protein-urine-proteinuria), Adrenal Insufficiency (/conditions/adrenalinsufficiency-and-addison-disease), UTI (/conditions/urinary-tract-infection) Elsewhere On The Web American Association of Kidney Patients (http://www.aakp.org/) National Institute of Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases: National Kidney Disease Education Program (http://www.nkdep.nih.gov/) National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearninghouse: They Kidneys and How They Work (http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/Kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/) National Kidney Foundation Information Center (http://www.kidney.org/) The Life Options Rehabilitation Program (http://www.lifeoptions.org) Kidney School (http://www.kidneyschool.org) Home Dialysis Central (http://www.homedialysis.org) Davita: How Kidneys Work (http://www.davita.com/kidney_animation/#slide1)
© 2001-2017 by American Association for Clinical Chemistry