MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET 1.
sodium hypochlorite solution
Company: Emergency Telephone Numbers:
GAC Chemical Corporation GAC Chemicals 877-254-0081 Chemtrec 800-424-9300
Composition / Information on Ingredients
Identification: Sodium Hypochlorite Solution Synonyms: Bleach, GenChlorTM, Bleach Solution, Soda Bleach Solution, Hypo-Solution, NaOCl Ingredients: Sodium hypochlorite CAS#: 7681-52-9 7 % - 17 % Sodium hydroxide CAS#: 1310-73-2 0.1 % - 3 % 3. Hazards Identification Hazard Overview: Product is corrosive. Ingestion of large quantities can be fatal. May cause eye damage, severe skin irritation or chemical burns. When heated, gives off oxygen which may increase fire hazard. Pungent chlorine odor. Workers must be trained in the safe handling of this material. Hazard Health Effects: Contact with Eyes: Severe irritation, pain and reddening. Prolonged exposure may cause blindness. Contact with Skin: Reddening, irritation. Prolonged/repeated exposure may result in ulcerating burns and dermatitis. Ingestion: Burning and irritation of mouth, throat, esophagus and other digestive system tissues will occur immediately upon contact. Ingestion of large quantities may be fatal. Inhalation: May cause pulmonary irritation, irritation of mucus membranes, coughing or sore throat. Inhalation of large volumes may cause chemical pneumonitis and pulmonary edema Hazards Information: HMIS: Health – 3; Flammability - 0 Reactivity - 1 4
First Aid Measures
Eye or Skin Contact: Inhalation: Ingestion:
Immediately flush with water for at least 15 minutes, including under eyelids. Remove contaminated clothing. Get medical attention immediately. Remove from exposed area to fresh air. Get medical attention immediately. If conscious, drink large quantities of water or milk. Do not induce vomiting. DO NOT use acidic antidotes such as sodium bicarbonate. Get medical attention
immediately. Do not give anything to unconscious person. 5
Flash Point: Extinguishing Media: Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: oxides of sodium.
Non flammable. Flood with water, foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide. Wear NIOSH certified gas mask and full protective clothing and eyewear. Avoid inhalation of fumes and body contact. Stay upwind and out of low lying areas. In fire, this material may decompose and produce irritating vapors, chlorine gas and Contain fire run-off water to prevent environmental damage. Toxic fumes may be liberated by contact with acid or heat. Vigorous reactions can occur with oxidizable materials and organics.
Accidental Release Measures Small spills may be neutralized with agents such as bisulfites or ferrous salt solutions. Some heat will be produced. Keep on alkaline side and dilute with copious amounts of water. Concentrated solutions will seriously affect aquatic life. Do not allow material to enter sewers, streams, ponds or storm conduits. Personnel involved in cleanup must avoid body contact with NIOSH approved respirator protection, triple gloves, chemically resistant suit and rubber boots. Drench contaminated material with water. Contain spills in plastic drums. Do not absorb spills with flammable materials such as sawdust or combustible absorbents. Dispose in accordance with Federal, State and local regulations.
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Handling and Storage
Store in vented, tightly closed containers, away from direct sunlight. Temperature: below 850 and above freezing. Do not store near acids, heat, or oxidizable materials or organics. Do not mix with acid-based or ammonia-based cleaning compounds. Store in upright position Handling: Avoid breathing spray or mists generated by this product. Train employees in safe handling of product. Storage:
Exposure Controls / Personal Protection
Personal Protective Equipment Eye Protection: Skin Protection: Respiratory Protection: Ventilation:
Chemical safety goggles and face shield. Wear rubber or neoprene gloves, rubber splash apron, rubber boots. Use protection suitable for acid gases and chlorine. Provide general exhaust ventilation in areas of use. Eye wash stations and washing facilities should be readily accessible. Workers involved in cars or trucks containing product must wear extensive protective equipment.
Tank car/truck: 9
Physical and Chemical Properties
Appearance: Boiling Point: Freezing Point: pH: 10
Hazardous Polymerization: Incompatibility:
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Stable in concentrations below 10%. Stability decreases with concentration, light, heat, fire, decrease in pH and metallic impurities. Naturally decomposes with age. Below zero, high strength product may form pentahydrate crystals which may become unstable when they are dry. Will not occur. Strong acids, ammonia, oxidizable materials, most metals (aluminum, tin, copper, nickel, iron) heat sources, light sources. organic halogen compounds, organic nitrocompounds. Contact with ammonia and amine-based compounds can generate toxic chloramine compounds. Sodium chlorate, sodium chloride, hypochlorous acid, chlorine gas. Thermal decomposition, or burning, may produce hydrochloric acid.
LD50 (rat) 3-5 g/kg
Ecological Information Fish
Chlorine odor 7 - 120 C 100% soluble 1.2 - 1.3 (water=1)
Acute toxicity Oral: 12
Odor: Melting Point: Solubility in water: Specific Gravity:
Stability and Reactivity
Yellow-green liquid 110°C (230°F) 70 F > 12
LC50 - 0.6mg/L (bluegill)
Waste from residues / unused product: In accordance with federal, state and local regulations 14
Transport Information DOT Shipping Description:
Sodium Hypochlorite Solution: 8,Corrosive, PGIII, UN 1791
All components of this product are on the TSCA and DSL inventories RCRA status: Not a hazardous waste Hazardous waste number: N/A Reportable quantity (40 CFR 302): N/A Threshold planning quantity (40 CFR 355): N/A California Proposition 65 information: N/A The information provided in this Safety Data Sheet is correct to the best of our knowledge, information and belief at the date of its publication. The information given is designed only as guidance for safe handling, use, processing, storage, transportation, disposal and release, and is not to be considered a warranty or quality specification. The information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material used in combination with other materials or in any process unless specified in the text.
sodium hypochlorite solution
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