May-June 2017 - CRSMCA



Roof Wind Speeds Part 1 of 2 Rising Material Costs



PRESIDENT David Griffin, Coastal Commercial Roofing Co., Inc. 1ST VICE PRESIDENT Todd Smith, Hamlin Roofing Co., Inc. 2ND VICE PRESIDENT Scott Mathias, Watts & Associates Roofing, Inc. SECRETARY-TREASURER Mickey Childress, Triad Roofing Company, Inc. IMMEDIATE PAST PRESIDENT T  om Smith, Barger Ashe Roofing Co., Inc.


EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Carla B. Sims, Charlotte, NC ASSISTANT Brandy Harrison, Charlotte, NC


01 Hugh Clark, Service One, Inc., Fletcher, NC 01 Matthew Williams, CityScape Roofing, Inc., Claremont, NC 02 John Dorn, Triad Roofing Company, Inc., Winston-Salem, NC 03 Allen Hughes, Rike Roofing Services, Inc., Charlotte, NC 03 Luke White, Interstate Roofing Co., Inc., Charlotte, NC 04 David Panella, Hamlin Roofing Company, Inc., Garner, NC 05 Jason Tetterton, Curtis Construction Co., Inc., Kinston, NC 05 Hunter Steed, Wayne Roofing & S/M Co., Inc., Goldsboro, NC 07 Jimbo Spann, Spann Roofing & Sheet Metal, Conway, SC 08 09 Bert Pickens, Pickens Roofing & Sheet Metal, Spartanburg, SC 10 Eric Campbell, Campbell Professional Roofing, Charleston, SC


PRESIDENT Michael Broski, Johns Manville, Wake Forest, NC ASSOCIATE GROUP 1ST VP Ryan Walsh, W.R. Walsh, Inc., Greensboro, NC ASSOCIATE GROUP 2ND VP D  rew Buchanan, GAF Materials Corp., Rock Hill, SC ASSOCIATE SEC/TREASURER Erik Hauck, ABC Supply Company, Inc.

IN THIS ISSUE... CRSMCA President’s Note..................................................................................3 Associate Group President’s Note.....................................................................4 Association in Action............................................................................................5 News in the Carolinas...........................................................................................6 Annual Meeting...................................................................................................10 Roof Wind Speeds – ASCE 7,

Uplift Ratings & Warranties (Part 1 of 2).........................................................11 Simple Overview of the North Carolina Rules...............................................20 A New Stronghold – How the Rise of

Right-to-Work is Impacting Construction Labor...........................................23 The Price ‘U-Turn’ – What Rising Material

Costs Mean for Construction............................................................................24 ABC Construction Economic Update..............................................................26 How a Tech-Connected Worksite

Can Help You Lower Your Overhead...............................................................28 13 Proven Steps to Improve Construction Worker Safety...........................30 Keep Your Employees Safe in the Heat...........................................................32 Safety Talks (English & Spanish) – Torch Applied Roofing...........................34


01 David Summers, RSG-Columbia, Advance, NC 02 Steve Hall, Tremco Roofing & Building Maintenances, Winston-Salem, NC 03 Brad Damewood, Best Distributing Company, Inc., Charlotte, NC 03 Darren McEvoy, Premier Building Products, Inc., Charlotte, NC 03 Dan Wheeler, IKO Premium Roofing Products, Inc., Huntersville, NC 03 Andy Butler, Roofers Supply of Greenville, Charlotte, NC 04 Justin Maycher, GAF Materials Corporation, Raleigh, NC 05 Todd Casey, Best Distributing Company, Goldsboro, NC 06 Sean Doughtery, Johns Manville, Raleigh, NC 07 Reid Wester, Best Distributing Company, Myrtle Beach, SC 08 Blaise Craft, IKO Premium Roofing Products, Inc., Gaston, SC 08 Richard “Bubba” Kearse, ABC Supply Company, Inc., Columbia, SC 08 Nathan Rollins, Royal Adhesives & Sealants, Greer, SC 09 Greg Norman, GAF Materials Corporation, Greenville, SC 09 Chad Bolt, ABC Supply Company, Inc., Greenville, SC


Henry Sackett (Chairman), George Garven, Rainy Ugenmach, Brandon Jackson, Carla B. Sims Carolinas Contacts welcomes letters to the editor. Views expressed in “Letters” are not necessarily those of CRSMCA. Letters must be signed and include a return address and telephone number. Carolinas Contacts reserves the right to edit letters for clarity and length. Send letters to Carla B. Sims, Carolinas Contacts, PO Box 7643, Charlotte, N.C. 28241-7643; fax (704) 557-1736. Carolinas Contacts is owned by the Carolinas Roofing & Sheet Metal Contractors Association to furnish information, news and trends in the Roofing & Sheet Metal industry in the two Carolinas, and is the official bi-monthly publication of the Association. Issued bi-monthly from Association Headquarters 710 Imperial Court, Charlotte, NC 28273 (PO Box 7643, Charlotte 28241-7643) as a service to the members and advertisers. Postage Paid at Charlotte, NC. Advertising and editorial forms close on the 10th of the month preceding publication. Advertising rates available upon request to CRS&MCA, PO Box 7643, Charlotte, NC 28241-7643. Printed by CRSMCA, Charlotte, NC Graphic Design by Rhonda Sergeant, Charlotte, NC

David Griffin


from the


This is my last message to the association as your

CRSMCA President. The CRSMCA Board members are gearing up for the Annual Meeting|Summer Convention, which is just days away. This year’s Annual Banquet is very special to me. Not only will it be my last act as your CRSMCA President where I will be relinquishing my duties to Todd Smith, I will also be celebrating the graduation of our first ever Master Installer Certification, Class of 2017. This is something that I have strived to develop during my time on the Executive Board. There will be 12 graduates representing 12 different member companies. I want to applaud the companies that participated in this inaugural training certification, these companies are Allied Roofing Co., Inc., Applied Roofing Solutions, Inc., Coastal Commercial Roofing Co., Inc., Curtis Construction Co., Inc., Davco Roofing and Sheet Metal, Inc., Hamlin Roofing Company, Inc. Interstate Roofing Co. Inc., Johnson’s Roofing Service, Inc., Murr & Laney, Inc., Service One, Inc., Triad Roofing Co. Inc. and Watts & Associates Roofing Inc. These companies truly embody the symbol of professionalism that our association has always tried to display. In closing, I would just like to say Thank You, for allowing me to serve as your CRSMCA President. It is truly an honor and something that I will always cherish in my professional career and life.




To promote and safeguard the common business interest of its members and to improve conditions by educating all persons concerning the roofing and sheet metal business and industry. To work for the development and progress of the roofing and sheet metal business industry and to work with individuals’ organizations and governmental agencies toward the achievement of a stronger profession of the roofing and sheet metal industry.



Ryan Walsh

from the


ASSOCIATE GROUP PRESIDENT The CRSMCA’s 74th Annual Meeting and Summer Conven-

tion at the Marriott Grand Dunes in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina is right around the corner and I look forward to seeing many of you there. The CRSMCA Planning Committee has a jammed packed line up this year starting with the 1st graduating class from the CRSMCA Roofing Academy, Master Installers Certification Program. The Annual Golf Outing will now be a stand-alone event starting Thursday morning instead of Friday afternoon, as it has been in the past. The CRSMCA Planning Committee also has an excellent speaker lined up with Greg Hayne [Hayne Coaching Group]. Greg is a consultant who has worked with contractors throughout the country to help educate them on how to sell preventative maintenance. I had the opportunity to hear Greg speak at a meeting earlier this year and I thought he was fantastic. Greg has also presented the NRCA/IRE in January 2017. Another new event will be the Beach Social with fun for the whole family; please consider bringing your family game for everyone to enjoy. If you have not been to an Annual Meeting/Summer Conven-


CAROLINAS ROOFING & SHEET METAL CONTRACTORS ASSOCIATION P.O. Box 7643 Charlotte, NC 28241-7643 710 Imperial Court Charlotte, NC 28273 Phone: 704-556-1228 Fax: 704-557-1736 [email protected]


tion before, I encourage you to try this one! It is a nice mix of educational events and social interaction with your peers in the industry as well as your family. CRSMCA just wrapped up the Spring District Meetings. Thank you too all the District Directors and Associate Liaisons for their hard work organizing these events. The Spring District Meetings had some great presentations and outings which lead to tremendous turnouts at most of the meetings. The CRSMCA Fall District Meetings are already being planned and I hope we continue to see the positive trend in attendance as we move forward. It is also time to send in your nominations for the Gordon M. Waters Distinguished Service Award. You can submit your nomination through the website or there will be a link in the weekly emails that are sent from the Association. The award will be presented at the Annual Banquet dinner on Saturday evening. I wish everyone continued success through the rest of 2017 and I hope to see all of you at the 74th Annual Meeting and Summer Convention.


Carolinas Contacts addresses issues and concerns of the roofing industry. Technology, test, and building codes are constantly changing, and such changes may not be reflected herein. All information is presented for the benefit of our readers and does not necessarily reflect the views of CRSMCA. Press releases and product information presented do not reflect all available materials. Before purchasing, installing, using, or recommending any product, system, or method, readers should make independent evaluations.


in Action

CRSMCA is celebrating their 74 years of

service to the roofing industry, celebrating families that continue to thrive and flourish within the roofing industry and continuing to carry out family businesses. The greatest celebration is at the CRSMCA Annual Meeting/Summer Convention spending time visiting with the members and their families and the education within the everchanging business world and roofing industry! CRSMCA will honor and recognize the leaders of yesterday, today and tomorrow.


The CRSMCA Boards and Staff are looking forward to seeing you all over the next few months whether it be at the Annual meeting, District meeting or a stop by the CRSMCA office. The growth and strength of your Association and roofing industry knowledge, depends on the CRSMCA members… YOU! Thank you for supporting your association and the roofing industry!

The events like the Annual Meeting/Summer Convention is what continues to strengthen CRSMCA and what encourages everyone to bring a different and new value to the CRSMCA membership. We hope you have made your plans to attend this family-fun weekend… but if you just decided to come, feel free to call me directly (704-5561228 ext. 402) so we can get you set! The new N.C. Sales and Use Tax regulation that was implemented by the NCDOR in January 2017, there were many questions and concerns on how to handle the changes and what to consider with this regulation. CRSMCA hosted a few meetings at the local Spring District meetings to help answer these questions and concerns. I was able to prepare a short article on the information as well, but hope you will consider reaching out to your CPA for regulatory advice as well reaching out to your local legislative to share your opinion on the new regulation. It is your voice that is important to them! As CRSMCA and the Board members prepare for the 2017 Fall District meetings, please provide me your ideas of topics that are important in your area and within your business. These meetings are designed to provide you face to face education and networking with your CRSMCA members, roofing industry leaders, labor employees and roofing industry experts throughout the Carolinas. LOOKING AHEAD TO 2018…the Carolinas Mid-Winter Roofing Expo will be held January 16-18 in Charlotte, North Carolina at the Charlotte Convention Center. CRSMCA will be making all registration forms available in August via email and on the CRSMCA website.





Automobile and Small Engine Mechanic

Offering a competitive salary and eligibility for benefits after 90 days of employment. Family owned with great benefits like medical, vision and dental insurance, disability benefits and retirement savings program. Come join a great company that values opportunity for growth and development. Start pay depending on experience. Job Requirements · E xperience with two and four stroke equipment, plus service fleet trucks. · Can demonstrate knowledge of the skills necessary to diagnose, service, and repair those engine systems.  · Prior experience in a shop setting · Good verbal/written communication skills, basic math and reading comprehension · Basic computer skills · Forklift experience · Ability to lift up to 60 lbs. when necessary · Valid driver’s license with insurable driving record · Self-motivated and able to work with minimum supervision · Pass drug screen, criminal and background check · Work from 8:00 a.m.— 4:30 p.m. or later as needed · Most important abilities: availability, dependability and reliability 6


Governmental members of the International Code Council (ICC) voted to adopt ASCE 7-16, Minimum Design Loads and Associated Criteria for Buildings and Other Structures, as an ICC reference standard. It is important to note the voting results are preliminary; the ballot must be certified by ICC’s governing rules before it becomes official.

in the Carolinas

Experienced Commercial Roofer for Warehouse

Family owned with great benefits like medical, vision and dental insurance, disability benefits and retirement savings program. Come join a great company that values opportunity for growth and development. Start pay depending on experience. Job Duties · Coordinate roofing material & equipment necessary for pick up or delivery at job site. · Deliver or pick up equipment from job sites as needed · Maintain an adequate supply of all miscellaneous materials, tools, supplies, etc. required on an ongoing basis for construction purposes and to support the maintenance of equipment and vehicles. · Keep record of inventory movement. ·E  nsure that purchases are accomplished in an orderly and cost effective manner. · Ensure that the facility and grounds are kept in good order. Job Requirements · Good verbal/written communication skills, basic math and reading comprehension · Basic computer skills · Forklift experience · Ability to lift up to 60 lbs. when necessary · Valid driver’s license · Self-motivated and able to work with minimum supervision · Pass drug screen and background criminal check · Work from 7:00 a.m.—3:45 p.m. or later as needed. · Reliable!!



General Information 803-896-7665 [email protected] FREE! Training Classes are available for employers and employees of both the public and private sector; please contact Van Henson at 803-896-7769. Examples of training programs offered include: · The OSHA Inspection Process · Bloodborne Pathogens · Lockout/Tagout (LOTO) · Trenching/Excavation · Hazard Communication · S.C. SMART – Safety Management Accident Reduction Training · Fall Protection (Construction) · Personal Protective Equipment · Violence in the Workplace · Scaffolding (Construction) · Permit Required Confined Spaces ‚ Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) · OSHA Recordkeeping


CRSMCA Roofing Academy Recognizes the Master Installer Certification Students

The CRSMCA Master Installers Certification Program has enrolled over 15 students since its first class in January 2016. On May 5, the CRSMCA Roofing Academy completed its first-full 16 classes to over 20 students. CRSMCA and the CRSMCA Roofing Academy will recognize 11 students at the first graduation ceremony at the 74th Annual Meeting|Summer Convention on Saturday, June 17. Following are the graduates that will be recognized: · Joey Wilhelm, Allied Roofing Company, Inc. · Adelfo Hernandez, Applied Roofing Solutions, Inc. · Federico Castillo, Coastal Commercial Roofing Co., Inc. · Jaime Ibarra, Curtis Construction Company, Inc. · Melecio Ramirez, Davco Roofing and Sheet Metal, Inc. · Tyler Day, Hamlin Roofing Company, Inc. · William ‘Luke’ White, Interstate Roofing Company, Inc. · Josh Stolecki, Johnson’s Roofing Service, Inc. · Mark Jeffcoat, Watts & Associates Roofing, Inc.

What is the CRSMCA Master Installer Certification?

The CRSMCA Roofing Academy Master Installer Certification Program is designed to promote safety issues and concerns in the application of the roof systems to prepare the employee for best practices in their job performance. It is intended for the use by anyone with an interest in these

Once the vote is official, ASCE 7-16 will be included as a reference standard in the 2018 International Building Code, which is adopted nationally as state and local jurisdiction building code, as well as in the 2018 editions of the International Residential Code and International Existing Building Code. ASCE 7-16, the American Society of Civil Engineers’ (ASCE’s) signature standard, is scheduled for publication in early 2017 with a user-friendly online version available for the first time. It features several important updates from the 2010 edition, including new wind-speed maps that result in reduced wind speeds for much of the U.S. and clarification of the special wind study zones; updated seismic site coefficient tables; and an entirely new chapter with tsunami design provisions. The adoption is a victory for ASCE members, who were called upon during the last month to encourage ICC governmental members – often local fire marshals and building officials – to support ASCE 7-16 in the face of organized opposition from the National Association of Home Builders. “The entire committee and ASCE leadership is, of course, very pleased that ICC has elected to adopt ASCE 7-16 as the basis for structural loading in the 2018 International Building Code,” says ASCE 7-16 Committee Chair Ron Hamburger. “ICC has adopted the latest edition of ASCE 7 as the basis for its codes since ICC’s inception. To say the least, failure to adopt ASCE 7 this time would have been a major step backward for U.S. codes.” roof systems, from roofing workers to foremen to supervisors. It is a culmination of efforts by contractors, manufacturers, suppliers and others who are dedicated to promoting safety. Enrolled students will learn and train the basics of roofing, increasing their knowledge and skills to make them more valuable to their respective companies, as well as build future leaders in the roofing industry.

How Can You Get Involved?

The CRSMCA Roofing Academy Committee is always searching for instructors of the classroom material and the hands-on demonstration. The material that is taught is on the following subjects: · Roof Decks · OSHA 10-Hour · Insulation, Tapered,

Adhesives & Fasteners · TPO Membranes · PVC Membranes · EPDM Membranes · Details: Project Docs · Built-Up Membranes · Tear Off, Equipment & Job Set-Up · Cold Applied Adhesives · CERTA Training · Torch Applied Applications · Metal Roofing · Low-Slope S/M Flashing · Repairs, Maintenance & Coatings · Competent Person Should you wish to be an instructor, donate materials, be a hands-on instructor; please consider contacting the CRSMCA office at 704-556-1228 or [email protected] or the Committee Chairman, David Griffin, at [email protected]



tronic submissions. To receive notifications, sign up online at https:// USDOL /subscriber/new? topic _ id=USDOL_1011


NRCA Congratulates the Alliance’s 2016-17 Most Valuable Player (MVP) Award Winners

· Narcisco Alarcon and Manuel Cortez from Antis Roofing and Waterproofing, Irvine, CA · J ustin Cooper, Flynn, Commerce City, CO ·R  obert Detweiler, Centimark Corporation, Lakeland, FL · Donald Gautier, Chamberlin Roofing and Waterproofing, Houston, TX · Roy Jones, Rike Roofing Services, Inc., Charlotte, NC · Mearl Kline, West Roofing Systems, Inc., LaGrange, OH · Clifton Mead, Tecta America Southeast, LLC, Cummings, GA

Immigration Enforcement

In January, President Trump issued two Executive Orders designed to combat illegal immigration, with one focused on strengthening border security and the other on expanding interior enforcement. In February, the Department of Homeland Security issued further direction to agencies implementing the Executive Orders. NRCA issued a statement with information about how stepped-up interior enforcement activities may affect employers and employees within the roofing industry. Of particular note, the Executive Order significantly broadens the class of undocumented individuals considered to be a priority for deportation by federal authorities beyond those of the Obama administration and provides greater discretion to the Immigration and Customs Enforcement in enforcing immigration laws. President Trump is expected to submit a request to Congress for an estimated $6.6 billion in funding needed to implement the increased immigration enforcement 8


Compliance Bureau Contacts Tim Childers 336-776-4420 [email protected]

Phil Hooper 919-779-8512 [email protected]

NEW E-mail Sign-up for Recordkeeping and Updates on Electronic Submission of Injury Logs

OSHA has established an email notification system to provide recordkeeping reminders as well as updates on a new requirement that employers electronically submit their injury and illness logs to the agency. This year’s deadline is July 1, 2017. OSHA is not accepting electronic submissions at this time, but will notify interested parties when and how to provide elec-

Training information, registration and training course and dates can be found at ETTA/class_regist/calendar.cfm Heat Stress, all held will be webinars June 2, June 5, June 7, June 9, June 15, June 22 10-Hour Construction Industry Awareness Course, available in English to be offered: June 28-29 in Asheville, North Carolina, July 17-18 in High Point, North Carolina 10-Hour Construction Industry Awareness Course, available in Spanish to be offered: · June 28-29 in Charlotte, North Carolina · August 29-30 in High Point, North Carolina 30-Hour Construction Industry Awareness Course, available in English to be offered: · July 17-21 in High Point, North Carolina

activities. This will begin a debate in Congress regarding where the funds will come from and could involve other legislative efforts related to immigration enforcement efforts. More information regarding this issue can be found in NRCA’s statement:

niques for all types of roof systems. The boxed set contains four volumes: The NRCA Roofing Manual: Steepslope Roof Systems, 2017; The NRCA Roofing Manual: Metal Panel and SPF Roof Systems, 2016; The NRCA Roofing Manual: Membrane Roof Systems, 2015; and The NRCA Roofing Manual: Architectural Metal Flashing, Condensation Control and Reroofing, 2014.

The 2017 Volume of the NRCA Roofing Manual is Now Available!

NRCA University provides essential training in Spanish for all your workers, including: · NRCA Toolbox Talks · Serving Up Safety: A Recipe for Avoiding Falls on the Job · NRCA Pocket Guide to Safety

The NRCA Roofing Manual gives you comprehensive roofing information and NRCA’s best practices for design, materials and installation tech-


· Roofing Industry Fall Protection from A to Z · And many more Spanish-language offerings NRCA has a vast array of NRCA benefits to help your business prosper. Visit to learn more. NRCA is continuing their popular series of FREE WEBINARS on the third Thursday of each month. These new and innovative webinar topics and presenters have been selected to expand your knowledge by giving you new ideas that you can implement into your company immediately. Each webinar offers a unique experience specifically tailored to roofing professionals. Don’t miss out on these live opportunities to stay up to date with industry issues affecting your business. For upcoming webinars and all previous webinar recordings, visit www.

Up and Down Eastern U.S.

· Virginia Association of Roofing Professionals – · Tennessee Association of Roofing Contractors – · Kentucky Roofing Contractors Association – · Roofing & S/M Contractors Association of GA – · Florida Roofing & Sheet Metal Association –

Follow CRSMCA on Facebook & Twitter





WEDNESDAY, JUNE 14, 2017 4:00–5:30pm CRSMCA Executive Committee Meeting

THURSDAY, JUNE 15, 2017 9:00am Annual Golf Tournament Pine Lakes Country Club

12:00pm–6:00pm Registration Open 4:00–5:30pm CRSMCA Board of Directors & Associate Group Board Meeting 6:30–8:30pm Welcome Reception

FRIDAY, JUNE 16, 2017

7:30am–12:00pm Registration Open 8:00–8:45am Associate Group Membership Meeting 8 :45–10:00am General Session Annual Meeting Update from Convention Chairman, Scott Mathias, Watts & Associates Roofing, Inc. Scott will provide conference details, recognize CRSMCA Board members and special sponsors.

NRCA Update NRCA will update CRSMCA members on NRCA activities and trends within the roofing industry and nationwide. 10:00–11:30am Guest Speaker 6:30–7:30pm Networking Reception


8:30am–12:00pm Registration Open 9:00–10:30am General Session Past President Roundtable, Q & A Moderated by the 2016 DSA recipient, Andy Abrams. CRSMCA Members will discuss current membership needs and important issues. 10:45am–12:00pm Workers’ Compensation Claims CRSMC-Self Insurers Fund will have guest speakers share key details and procedures of claims and employer responsibilities. CRSMC-SIF Chairman, Sammy Spann, Jr., will also provide

6:30–11:00pm Children’s Night Out Children will be provided dinner and snacks; entertained with crafts and movies and games. 6:30–7:30pm Banquet Reception 7:45–9:30pm Banquet Dinner Attendees will dine with the CRSMCA Executive Committee, recognize the leaders of CRSMCA, welcome new Board members and honor the 2017 graduating class of the CRSMCA Master Installers Certification Program. 9:30pm After Party Dance the night away with your fellow CRSMCA friends and family members!

74th Annual Meeting & Summer Convention June 15 – 18, 2017

Myrtle Beach Resort & Spa at Grande Dunes 8400 Costa Verde Dr, Myrtle Beach, SC

updates on the CRSMC-SIF program. 1:00pm Beach Social CRSMCA will host a Beach Social for all attendees to come and enjoy fun and networking. Bring your beach games for all to enjoy and participate in!




Regular Couple Registration


Past President Couple Registration



RETIRED! Past President Couple Registration

Children’s Night Out (per child, AGES 3 – 12)

$ 25


NEW DATE! Thursday, June 15, 2017 Golf Tournament at Pine Lakes Country Club Tee-Off times begin at 9:00am

Handicap Handicap

_______________________________________________________ Name


_______________________________________________________ Name

Saturday, June 17, 2017

Beach Social




________________________________________________________ Name


________________________________________________________ Name


________________________________________________________ Name

Children’s Night Out (3 – 12 years) $25.00 per child (dinner included)

Saturday, June 17, 2017 Time: 6:30pm – 11:00pm





Shirt Size







Shirt Size Shirt Size

________________________________________________________ Name


Shirt Size

CANCELLATION POLICY: All requests for refunds must be made in writing prior to May 15, 2017 for a 50% refund. NO REFUNDS will be accepted after May 15, 2017




____________________________________________________ Guest REQUESTED ADULT SHIRT SIZES


□ L

□ XL

□ 2XL


ALLERGIES: _____________________________________________


□ ____________________________________________________ Name



____________________________________________________ Guest REQUESTED ADULT SHIRT SIZES


□ L

□ XL

□ 2XL


ALLERGIES: _____________________________________________

*CRSMCA will make all efforts possible to provide a comfortable and healthy atmosphere.

Payment Information:

Total Registration Fee:

$ ____________

Total Children Fee:

$ ____________

Total Golf Fee:

$ ____________

$ ____________

Method of Payment*:






________________________________________________________ Name

List first and last names, as they should appear on the name badge. Please check the box if you are a first time attendee.






□ ____________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________ Name



(First time attendees receive a $25 DISCOUNT!)

$125 per player



□ Check Enclosed



_____________________________________________________ Account Number**

Exp. Date

CVV Code

_____________________________________________________ Name (as it appears on card)


** Please be sure to include your credit card information. Due to PCI Compliance, CRSMCA is no longer able to retain your credit card authorization. Thank you for your understanding.



74th Annual Meeting & Summer Convention June 15 - 18, 2017


Myrtle Beach Resort & Spa at Grande Dunes

CRSMCA would like to thank you for your consideration in purchasing a sponsorship. All sponsorship purchases are applied to the advancement of education to the CRSMCA membership.


Listing in the CRSMCA Carolinas Contacts Magazine, Listing in the Annual Program, Listing in the Annual Banquet Program, Listing on the CRSMCA website, Listing in the 2016-2017 CRSMCA Membership Directory, and verbal recognition at the Annual Meeting/Summer Convention



Included with your sponsorship is a company banner, TWO complimentary couple and TWO golf registrations



Included with your sponsorship is a company banner, ONE complimentary couple and TWO golf registrations










 I would like to donate funds for a team prize *Sponsors company provides monies to CRSMCA ! Check Enclosed ! AMEX/MasterCard/Visa

_______________________________________________________________________________________ Account No.** Exp Date CVV Code

_______________________________________________________________________________________ Name (as it appears on card) Signature

**Due to PCI Compliance, CRSMCA is no longer able to retain your credit card authorization. Please be sure to include your credit card information. PLEASE SUBMIT YOUR COMPANY LOGO VIA EMAIL TO [email protected] TO BE PRESENTED DURING GENERAL SESSIONS


The following are guidelines the committee uses to make their decision:

Has served on the board and was an active participant Has the respect of the majority of our membership Should be a Mentor/a developer of next generation of leaders for the association Good business model Good moral character Community leader Proven service and leadership to the association Proven service to the industry Responds positively when asked to serve Shows true passion for the association Should be a long standing member

Please give a brief description as to why you feel this person deserves this award; we need this information to consider your nomination.

*Sponsor company provides CRSMCA with (4) items

The 2017 DSA Committee Chairman, is requesting nominations for the 2017 Gordon M. Waters Distinguished Service Award recipient.

 I would like to sponsor a team prize




_______________________________________________________________________________________ Company Name Contact Name




METHOD OF PAYMENT: Amount authorized: $___________

74th Annual Meeting & Summer Convention

MY NOMINATION IS: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Name Company


Included with your sponsorship is ONE complimentary golf registration  Audio/Visual Support  Saturday Reception  Children’s Activities

Included with your sponsorship is ONE complimentary couple registration  Thursday Reception  Friday Reception  Saturday Banquet

Included with your sponsorship is ONE complimentary couple and ONE golf registrations  Bags  T-Shirts



Please send the form with payment information to the following address or fax number:

CRSMCA P O Box 7643 Charlotte, NC 28241-7643

Fax: 704.557.1736

________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________ Please send your nomination to the association office by MAY 15, 2017. CRSMCA will forward nominations to the Chairman. The committee will then decide on the recipient by a unanimous vote.

**Please return by May 15, 2017 to be listed in the 74th Annual Meeting & Summer Convention Program**

Mail Form to: CRSMCA, PO Box 7643, Charlotte, NC 28241-7643 Fax Form to: 704.557.1736 Email Form to: [email protected] THANK YOU FOR YOUR PARTICIPATION AND SUPPORT FOR CRSMCA!





Written by Brian P. Chamberlain, Carlisle Presented at the RCI 29TH International Convention & Trade Show in Anaheim, CA


The following questions seem simple to answer, but they are common with building owners, designers and contractors: · Does 90-lbs/sqft of uplift equal 90-mph? · Does a FM Global rated assembly of 1-90 equal 90-mph? · Does the building code require a warranty wind speed of 90-mph? Though these questions are common, they are all misunderstandings of what the building code requires, FM Global criteria, and what is covered by the roofing material manufacturers’ warranties. One way to assist in understand this is reviewing what is the minimum requirement in the building code for roof assembly based on wind uplift performance, how the roofing assembly can be verified to meet the building code, and in what way a roof warranty relates to the building code and uplift pressures. As new standards are being developed and accepted by the roofing industry, such as the 2012 International Building Code (IBC), American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 7-2010, or FM Global Approval Standard 4470, just to name a few, questions like the ones above arise because of assumptions, lack of education, inexperience, and the various recommendations in the building code process.


In determining uplift pressures for a roof area, there are five basic factors that must be considered for a roofing installation: Building Height: Higher roof areas will have stronger wind velocity.

The first step is calculating the uplift pressure following the ASCE 7 standard. Currently the industry has two versions the ASCE 7-2005 or the ASCE 7-2010(1) and depending on your state, organization, or local government, the correct version for calculations must be used because there are slight differences between the two must be taken into account.

Building Openings: The more openings in a building the greater chance of internal pressures increasing in a wind event. It is important to know if the building is enclosed, partially enclosed or open (Fig 3). For complete definition of refer to ASCE 7-10 Chapter 26.

Fig 1: Basic Wind Speed Map Risk Category II – ASCE 7-10 Chapter 26

Surrounding Terrain: The more obstructions around a building will break up the wind and assists in reducing the wind effect. Knowing if the building is located in an urban/suburban area, an open terrain area or near a large body of water becomes important (Fig 2). For the specific three exposure definitions (B, C, and D), refer to the ASCE 7-10 Chapter 26.

climatic data are available · K Z = velocity pressure exposure coefficient evaluated at height z = h · K Zt = topographic factor as defined in ASCE 7-10 Section 26.8 · Kd = wind directionality factor in ASCE 7-10 Table 26.6-1 · V2 = basic wind speed obtained from ASCE 7-10 Fig. 26.5-1A through 26.5-1C. · 0.6 = load factor to convert to allowable stress design(2) P (pressure) = qz [(GCp) – (GCpi)] · GCp = external pressure coefficient & gust-effect factor · GCpi = internal pressure coefficient & gust-effect factor For a complete understanding of the calculation method, refer to “Wind Pressures on Low-Slope Roofs” RCIF Publication No. 01.01(3)


Fig 3: Openings in a Warehouse

So where does this all begin?

In Chapter 16 of the IBC it states that roof systems must meet uplift pressures for the specific building conditions based on calculations using ASCE 7 with the results in pounds per square foot (lbs/sqft). Verification of these pressures must be executed through independent testing following testing procedures listed in FM 4450, FM 4470, ANSI/FM 4474, UL 580 or UL 1895 with the testing results reported in pounds per square foot. So comparison can be accomplished between the calculated results in lbs/ sqft to tested results in lbs/sqft.

Fig 2: Example of Exposure D: Buildings near a Large Body of Water

Building Location: Wind Maps (Fig 1) are included within the ASCE 7 so it can be determined the local basic wind speed. The maps are based on a 3 second peak gust measured at 33ft (10m) above grade in an Exposure condition “C” that is referenced as Basic Wind Speed.


Though this paper will not go fully into the math, I will limit the discussion about the math to the ASCE 7-2010, because as states adopt the IBC 2012, this method will 14

be necessary. The purpose of this overview is to present that wind is important to the calculation, but it is not the sole factor that should be considered. One item to note, the ASCE 7 standard is an engineer’s document, so its focus is on the building structural members and the non-structural cladding components of a building. The result is that all building components must be installed to meet specific pressures.

Building Use: This factor is based on how important the building is to the surrounding infrastructure for people’s safety. An example would be a school or a hospital compared to a warehouse. Though a warehouse owner might not want his building harmed during a natural disaster, the other two buildings in my example are very important for protection of children and assistance to those harmed during a natural disaster. Refer to the ASCE 7-10 for complete definition of Risk Category I, II, or III/IV.

After the results have been completed there are a number of organizations that recommend a safety factor, such as FM Global, ASTM D6630, NRCA, and ANSI/SPRI. Though a safety factor is important to consider by the design professional, a safety factor is not required by the IBC or ASCE 7-10.

All the data listed above are plugged into the following formulas and the result is uplift pressure in pounds per square foot:

In addition, material manufacturers submit their results from the testing assemblies, described later in this paper, to ICC-ES (ICC Evaluation Service), Miami-Dade Building Code Compliance Office – Product Control Division, and Trinity ERD (Exterior Research & Design, LLC.) for review and incorporation into the published reports. These organizations do not publish the tested results, but use “Factored Tested Load Capacity” of the assemblies. The way to determine “Factored Tested Load Capacity” is by taking the Tested Uplift Load Capacity (Lt) and dividing by a safety factor which is typically two as shown in the following formula:

qz = 0.00256 x KZ x KZt x Kd x V2 x 0.6 · 0.00256 = numerical coefficient to be used except where sufficient

Factored Tested Load Capacity = Tested Uplift Load Capacity (Lt) / 2 lbs.sqft



Both methods are acceptable, but one or the other if desired should be specified within the architectural roofing specification. This is important, because at the time of bid those associated with the bid process will know that additional uplift criteria is being specified beyond the building code. Otherwise, the minimum requirements of the building code will be followed. Since a safety factor at this time is only a recommendation and not directly required by the building code, it is the intent of the paper to focus on what is only required by the building code. It should be understood that the building code should be viewed as what is the minimum requirements necessary and designers should always consider going beyond the building code.


The person responsible for doing the uplift calculation is the design professional who should list the results within the architectural specification and in some cases they have been included correctly, but unfortunately most Division 7 specification for a roofing assembly attempt to place the responsibility on the roofing contractor or installer, who is not typically engineer. At a panel discussion held at the 2013 Carolinas Roofing & Sheet Metal Contractors Association, Inc. (CRSMCA) in Raleigh, NC, the responsibility of doing the calculations was discussed and the panel’s engineer and specifier agreed in their opinion that a roofing contractor should not bid on the project unless they had the calculation results from the design professional who specified the roofing assembly. Though this is a nice idea, the industry does not allow for time during the bidding process for this 16

communication. With the push for the bid and the architectural roofing specification making the calculations the contractor’s responsibility, the contractor is forced to request assistance from the roofing materials manufacturer or some other source. Please understand that the above is in reference to a new construction type project. In reroofing or recovery of an existing roof area that might be negotiated between the contractor and the building owner without a licensed design professional involved, the building owner or the contractor should hire a licensed design professional to verify the uplift pressures. Material manufacturers want to be as service oriented as possible, so they will act upon these requests do the calculations and present the pressures for a given building roof area, but they clarify that such results should be verified by a local licensed engineer or design professional. The demand for this assistance has increased steadily over the years, which in turn has generated a number of published documents and online calculators. One such document is the American National Standards Institute / Single Ply Roofing Industry (ANSI/SPRI) “WD-1: Wind Design Guide Standard Practice for Roofing Assemblies” Approved July 10, 2012(4) which is based on the ASCE 7-10 and is fo-


If it happens that the calculated perimeter and corner pressures are greater than the reported uplift performance of the assembly, the IBC and ASCE 7 do not offer any guidance other than the assembly must have been tested to meet or exceed those pressures. There are a number of documents published that offer recommendations on how to enhance the rated assembly to compensate for those additional pressure, such as ANSI/ SPRI WD-1 & FM Global Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-29, but they are not required by the building code. The design professional will have to decide which if any of these recommendations he/she would like to include within his specification.

In addition to this document, there are web-based calculators but each has their own limitations, and at best they offer good guidance for the designer. Even so, the overall responsibility to confirm these results will be the specifier through an engineer, architect or other qualified design professional (Fig 5 on next page). The results determine the uplift pressures for each zone area of the roof; field, perimeter, and corners. Take note that the corner will typically have the highest uplift pressure. As an example, in Fig 5, the uplift pressure in the corner for a 30-ft high building is -50.5-lbs/sqft.


So what does the designer do with this number? The designer would review roof assemblies and their associated reports in uplift resistance to confirm which assembly meets or exceeds the calculated uplift pressures.

Quick Reference Table Building Risk Category II, Exposure C Fig 4: Partial ANSI/SPRI WD-1: Page 13

ple, if the corner pressure is -50.5- lbs/ sqft, the minimum acceptable rated assembly would be 60-lbs/sqft.

cused on the roofing installation. This document offers guidance on how this general process works including charts of calculated results (Fig 4) without using a wind directionality factor for a standard building and assists the designer in determining the uplift pressures.

The process in which a material manufacturer tests an assembly is by following the testing procedure described in the FM 4450, FM 4470, ANSI/FM 4474, UL 580 or UL 1895. The most common testing requested by manufacturers to independent laboratories (such as American Testing, Inc., Atlantic & Caribbean Roof Consulting, LLC, and PRI Asphalt Technologies, Inc. to name a few) is ANSI/FM 4474(5) which is just the

Fig 5: Results from Carlisle Construction Materials ASCE 7 Calculator

uplift testing portion of the FM 4470.


The standard procedure for the uplift test starts with the roofing material manufacturers building a mock-up of the proposed roof assembly on either a 5’x 9’ or 12’x 24’ size table. The 5’x 9’ is limited to a rated system up to 90-lbs/sqft and limitations to mechanically securement membranes and base sheets, while the 12’x 24’ allows for a rated system greater than 90-lbs/sqft and wider spacing of membrane securement. Refer to ANSI/FM 4474 paragraph 5.1.2 for complete limitations. Once installed, the perimeter of the table is sealed air tight, and positive pressure measured in pounds-per-square foot are pumped from underneath the roofing assembly. The test is to simulate the negative pressure of wind trying to pull off the roof assembly as the wind blows across. At the start of the test, the assembly is subject to 30-lbs/sqft of positive pressure. This pressure is held for 1 minute, and then an additional 15-

lbs/sqft is added for a total of 45-lbs/ sqft, which is also held for 1 minute. This process continues until a failure mode occurs, at which time the system is rated the last pressure held for 1 minute (Fig 6 below right). The minimum rating any assembly can earn is 60-lbs/sqft. Please note that the laboratory test for a 90-lbs/ sqft assembly only lasts for 5 minutes. Failure Mode for Adhered Membrane Assemblies · If the membrane separates from insulation · If the insulation facer delaminates · If the insulation boards break


Architectural specifiers incorporate the above process within their architectural roof specification, but unfortunately depending on how it is written it can create its own confusion. Where the above process should be listed within the Quality Assurance or Performance articles, the wording can be misleading. The best way this can be handled is by actually inserting the results of the ASCE 7 in the referenced articles and requires certification that the specified roofing assemblies meets or exceeds those results. Since most specification writers do not seem to include this information, based

Failure Mode for Mechanically Fastened Membrane Assemblies · If the fasteners pull out of the deck · If the membrane ruptures (Fig 7 on following page)


Once the roof assembly’s strength is determined through this test and reported, we can compare its uplift rating to the ASCE 7 calculations. For exam-

Fig 6: Mechanically Fastened Membrane System Tested on a 12’ x 24’



of FMG will guarantee that the roof installation will be of high quality. Though FMG follows a very similar process as the IBC, there are some subtle differences. Keep in mind all FMG documents are for buildings insured by them, so their documents are not building code, but rather their insurance standards. In addition, their documents have no public review and comments associated to them. FMG can modify or change their documents and publish them without notifying the industry.

Fig 7: Seam Plates Bent and Cut Through the Single Ply Roof Membrane

on my personal review of specification, to assist in clearing up this part of the confusion, I offer the following statement that could be modified: The specified roofing assembly must have been successfully tested by a qualified testing agency following ANSI/ FM 4474 to resist the design uplift pressures calculated according to American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE 7) and after multiplying the results with a safety factor (determined and provided by design professional), but assembly uplift pressures shall be not less than 60-lbs/sf. Another very common listing in architectural roof specification is FM Global (FMG). Specifiers feel that inclusion

In the FMG Property Loss Prevention Data Sheet 1-28(6) (which is based on the ASCE 7-05) offers very similar information that is presented in the ANSI/SPRI WD-1, where they include pre-calculated charts of uplift pressures based on building location and height. Their beginning pressures are typically higher because in their calculation they classify all their building of the highest Category or Importance Factor, even though they may not be hospitals or schools. In addition, they also include a safety factor, so the end result pressures are higher. Note: though these calculations are not required by the IBC, they are required only for FMG insured buildings. As a recommendation, the FM 1-28 should only be used in association with FMG insured buildings and the calculation of the uplift pressures should be completed by an FMG engineer. After all, they are insuring the building and enforcing their published enhancements, which are not required by the IBC, so they should be the responsible party to assist the design professional.

Fig 8: Wind Effects on a Building (National Weather Service Weather Forecast Office)

This author’s recommendation is that if the building being specified is not FMG insured, that FMG should not be listed or referenced in the specification, for who would be available to confirm that the installation of the roof assembly will meet the FMG installation criteria? Material manufacturers can assist in certifying that their assembly has been rated by FMG and would meet the uplift pressure results, but they only inspect for their warranty criteria, not FMG installation criteria. Along with publishing their own calculations and installation criteria, FMG also does their own testing following their standard FM 4470, which includes the ANSI/FM 4474. The FM 4470 is more than just testing for uplift it includes tests involving internal & external fire, hail, foot traffic, seam and fastener corrosion testing. FMG labels their tested assemblies based on the uplift rating, such as FM Class1-90 SH. The 90 listed in this rating means the assembly is rated up to 90-lbs/sqft of uplift pressure, not a 90-mph wind speed. So the answer to the first two questions; is no they do not. · Does 90-lbs/sqft of uplift equal 90-mph? · Does a Factory Mutual rated assembly of 1-90 equal 90-mph? The basic wind speed is one factor in the calculation in determining uplift, not the sole concern. The requirement is to prove that the specified assembly has been tested and rated accordingly for the specific building calculated uplift pressures. Because uplift pressure is so critical in determining the correct roofing assembly, some specifiers have attempted to make the ASCE 7 or calculated uplift results to be included under the warranty. What needs to be understood is the calculations are static and the pressure applied in the laboratory test ANSI/FM 4474 is perpendicular to the roof assembly and non-dynamic.



The calculations and testing do give guidance to a designer on proper installation, but common sense points to the fact that buildings receive wind pressure from many directions and locations other than just the exterior across the roofing assembly. These additional wind pressures can infiltrate into the assembly unintentionally causing unexpected failures if the building is not properly designed and installed. Most people understand that these conditions are outside the roofing material manufacturer’s control, and most membrane manufactures have this clarified under the warranty limitation. Even so, because of all the uncontrollable variables it becomes very difficult for a material manufacturer to define what the warranty is responsible for if uplift is included. I have found one warranty that attempts to warrant uplift, but they include the following statement if wind damage should occur, “At the building owner expense a report from a licensed engineer certifying failure was not caused by wood blocking, decking, or other building components must be submitted”. Most of the failures within a roof assembly after a major wind event will be other forces, such as flying debris causing damage to the roof assembly, breaking outer surfaces or windows, weak designed metal edging or coping, etc. which will allow additional pressure to be introduced into the assembly (Fig 8). Though the ASCE 7 is a good method, it is standard used throughout the US and other part of the world and does not address every variable the design profession would need to be concerned about. This is one of the reasons that safety factors are promoted, but these safety factors are applied to the roof assembly, but may not be applied other components that might fail and cause the roof system to fail. Just as the IBC is the minimum criteria for a building, common sense and experience needs to be applied to any building design not a warranty. If surveyed, one would discover that most manufacturers will not cover uplift forces, but most will include wind coverage in some fashion within their warranties. MAY/JUNE 2017 | CAROLINAS CONTACTS


SIMPLE OVERVIEW OF THE NORTH CAROLINA RULES Effective 1/1/17 Repair, Maintenance, and Installation Services

· Specific exemptions related to repair, maintenance, and installation services are enacted.

Information provided by Eric Wayne, Sales & Use Tax Director, N.C. Department of Revenue; Tom Weidman, Senior Manager, Dixon Hughes Goodman Disclaimer: the information contained in this presentation is for illustration purposes only and not intended to constitute formal tax or legal advice.

Key Definitions as of January 1, 2017

· Real Property Contract - A person that contracts to perform construction, reconstruction, or remodeling with respect to a “capital improvement” to “real property”. · Retailer/Contractor - A person that acts as a retailer when it sells tangible personal property at retail and as a real property contractor when it performs real property contracts (GS 105-164.3(35a). · New Construction - Construction of or site preparation for a permanent new building, structure, or fixture on land or an increase in the square footage of an existing building, structure, or fixture on land. · Reconstruction - Rebuild or construct again a prior existing permanent building, structure, or fixture on land and may include a change in the square footage from the prior existing building, structure, or fixture on land. · Remodeling - The process of improving or updating a permanent building, structure, or fixture on land 20

· A person classified as a real property contractor or a retailer-contractor prior to January 1, 2017, that makes retail sales of repair, maintenance, and installation services on or after January 1, 2017 is liable for and should collect sales or use tax on the sales price derived from repair, maintenance, and installation services.

or major portions thereof. The term includes renovation. Please refer to the following source documents issued in November and December 2016 on the NC DOR website for additional details: · SD 16-3 Real Property Contracts · SD 16-4 Repair, Maintenance, and Installation Services · Important Notice: Service Contracts · Important Notice: Motor Vehicle Service Contracts · Important Notice: Motor Vehicle Repair, Maintenance, and Installation Services · Important Notice: Transition Issues relative to Sales and Use Tax law changes with respect to Real Property Contracts; Repair, Maintenance, and Installation Services to Real Property and other items The goal for the new rule per the NCDOR is to raise sales tax revenue by expanding the sales tax base to selected services within the repair, maintenance and installation services. · Repair, maintenance, and installation services are expanded to real property and digital property in addition to tangible personal property. · Sales Tax treatment of Real Property Contracts are not changed as long as they meet the requirements to be a “Capital Improvement”


The term “repair, maintenance, and installation services” is defined in GS 105-164.3(33g) as: · to calibrate, restore, or try to calibrate or restore tangible personal property or a motor vehicle to proper working order or good condition (this may include replacing or putting together what is torn or broken); · to troubleshoot, identify, or try to identify the source of a problem to determine what is needed to restore tangible personal property or a motor vehicle to proper working order or good condition; or · to install or apply tangible personal property except tangible personal property installed or applied by a real property contractor pursuant to a real property contract.

Key NC Sales Tax Changes effective Jan 1, 2017

· A person whose only business activity is providing repair, maintenance, and installation services is a retailer and required to register, collect, and remit sales tax on repair, maintenance, and installation services sold at retail. · Repair, maintenance, and installation services are expanded to real property and digital property in addition to tangible personal property.

Key NC Sales Tax Changes effective Jan 1, 2017

· Definition of Capital Improvement

Overview of Key Changes for Real Property Contracts

· The terms “real property”, “real property contract”, and “capital improvement” are defined by statute. · Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, must be issued, except as noted, and kept on file for a real property contract. · The definition for “retail trade” is repealed; therefore, a person’s NAICS classification or majority of revenue no longer affects the treatment of certain transactions with respect to real property. · If the transaction does not meet the definition of a capital improvement as discussed below, it is not taxed as a real property contract and may be taxable as “repair, maintenance, and installation services” to real property or a “service contract” for real property. · A contract that includes both a capital improvement to real property and a repair, maintenance, and installation service is a mixed transaction contract.

Real Property Contracts

· If the transaction does not meet the definition of a Capital Improvement as defined below, it is not taxed as a real property contract and may be taxable as “repair, maintenance, and installation” services to real property or a “service contract” for real property

–Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, must be issued and kept on file for a real property contract.

–An Addition or alteration to real property that is new construction, reconstruction, or remodeling of a building, structure, or fixture on land that becomes part of the real property or is permanently installed or applied to real property so that removal would cause material damage to the property itself.

–Does not include replacement of a fixture unless the replacement is part of remodeling

– Projects that qualify as Capital Improvements are exempt from sales tax

Capital Improvements

· Removal of items from real property, such as debris, construction materials, asbestos, or excavation activities, including the removal of items from a structure such as a dumpster. ‚ Performance of work that requires the issuance of a permit under the State Building Code, other than repair or replacement of electrical components, gas logs, water heater, and similar individual items that are not part of new construction, reconstruction, or remodeling. · Installation of underground utilities, notwithstanding that charges for such are included in the gross receipts derived from services subject to the combined general rate under G.S. 105-164.4. · Installation of equipment or fixture that is attached to real property so that removal of the item would cause physical, functional, or economic damage to the property and that is

capitalized for income tax purposes under one or more of the following: the Code, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, or International Financial Reporting Standards. · Painting or wallpapering. · Replacement or installation of a roofing, septic tank, plumbing, electrical, commercial refrigeration, irrigation, sprinkler system, or other similar systems. · Replacement or installation of a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning unit or system. · Replacement or installation of roads, driveways, parking lots, and sidewalks. · Landscaping service.

Affidavit of Capital Improvement

· Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, is generally required to substantiate that a contract is subject to tax as a real property contract with respect to a capital improvement to real property.

–Failure of a person to keep records that establish that a transaction is, or is a portion of a real property contract with respect to a capital improvement, subjects the person to liability for tax on the transaction.‘- Failure of a person to issue Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement to substantiate that a transaction is for a real property contract with respect to a capital improvement, subjects the transaction to tax as a retail sale of or the gross receipts derived from repair, maintenance, and installation services for real property in accordance with N.C. Gen. Stat. § 105-164.4(a)(16).

· Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, is not an affidavit of tax paid on building materials.



· Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, may not be used to purchase building materials exempt from tax. · The person that issues the affidavit is liable for tax on the transaction if it is determined that it is not a capital improvement to real property.

Exceptions to the Requirement to Issue Form E-589CI

· The general contractor, as discussed below, must keep records that establish that a transaction is a real property contract with respect to a capital improvement. The exceptions are noted below and do not apply to remodeling:

– A real property owner hires a “general contractor” to oversee the entire contract and the contract by definition is for “new construction.” – A real property owner hires a “general contractor” to oversee the entire contract and the contract is to rebuild or construct again a prior existing permanent building, structure, or fixture on land. “re-construction” – A general contractor that purchases all tangible personal property and digital property and provides the employee labor to fulfill the real property contract.

· A person must complete “Section I Single Use” of the affidavit for a onetime use. The single use section will generally apply for the following:


– When a homeowner remodels and/or oversees the entire activity, including obtaining bids, selection of subcontractors, and payment of all invoices or billings issued by any real property contractor. The homeowner must complete Section I of Form E-589CI, Affidavit of Capital Improvement, and issue the Form to each subcontractor to give

notice that the transaction is a real property contract with respect to a capital improvement.

–When a real property contractor hires a subcontractor to perform a portion of the overall contract and there is not a recurring business relationship between the two parties.

· A person should complete “Section II - Blanket Use” of the affidavit and issue the Form to subcontractors who are used exclusively to perform any portion of real property contracts with respect to capital improvements to real property, where the person and the contractor have a recurring business relationship. This will generally apply for the following:

–Builders who hire the same contractors for new construction;

– Contractors who hire the same subcontractors for reconstruction;

–Contractors who hire the same subcontractors for remodeling and it is clear that the activities performed by the subcontractors are never repair, maintenance, and installation services for real property; –Contractors who exclusively hire the same subcontractors to perform all or a portion of its real property contracts with respect to capital improvements.

Exemptions for Manufacturers

· Repair, maintenance, and installation services provided for the following items are exempt from the General rate of tax (in part from Sales & Use Tax Directive 16-4):

– An item subject to tax under Article 5F of Chapter 105 of the General Statutes. This includes any item subject to the 1% privilege tax of Certain Machinery and Equipment.


A New Stronghold

· Summary: RMI Services on M&E subject to the 1% privilege tax are exempt from sales tax

Tax Paid on Certain Purchases prior to January 1, 2017

· Contractors who have an inventory of parts, supplies, other tangible personal property, or digital property that becomes a part of or is applied to a purchaser’s property where sales or use tax is properly paid prior to January 1, 2017 and where such items will be transferred as part of taxable repair, maintenance, and installation services to real property on or after January 1, 2017:

–are not allowed to take a credit against the sales tax due on the sales price of or the gross receipts derived from the taxable repair, maintenance, and installation services for any sales or use tax originally due and paid at the time of purchase.

Key Exemptions

· Inspections required by law · Services performed for a person by a related member. · Services performed to resolve an issue that was part of a real property contract if the services are performed within six months of completion of the real property contract or, for new construction, within 12 months of the new structure being occupied for the first time. · Cleaning of real property. For additional questions or concerns, please contact either of the following: Eric K. Wayne Sales & Use Tax Director NC Department of Revenue [email protected] Tom Weidman, Senior Manager Dixon Hughes Goodman 704-367-5996 [email protected]

How the Rise of Right-to-Work is Impacting Construction Labor Written by Kim [email protected]

There are perhaps no issues in the construction industry today as intensely personal — and divisive — as those that revolve around organized labor. For more than 135 years, membership in trade unions has been a tradition in some U.S. families, and unions still enjoy wide support in many areas of the country. However, there has been a recent push — primarily on the part of Republicans and open-shop construction associations — to erode the union control that remains through the enactment of right-to-work laws. To date, 28 states have enacted rightto-work legislation, which generally means that nonunion construction workers can’t be forced to join a union or pay union dues on a project even if labor rates and benefits have been negotiated through the collective bargaining process. With this wave of efforts to enact right-to-work legislation, unions are pushing back and touting the benefits they can offer the industry. However, it remains to be seen whether their efforts will have any influence over the current trend.


Alexa Turner, manager of state and local affairs for the Associated Build-

ers and Contractors, said that many states feel they’re missing out on a competitive advantage if they don’t adopt these regulations. They want to get on board so that they will be in the running for investment dollars and opportunities, she said. Brandon Ray, also a manager of state and local affairs for the ABC, said that being in a right-to-work state can especially benefit younger workers who come into the industry and work their way up based on ability and work ethic, not their place in line at union hall. Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens campaigned in part on his commitment to make Missouri a right-to-work state, and early last month, that promise came to pass. Greitens and state Republicans pushed for the legislation by billing it as business-friendly, but unions responded that these measures would only serve to chip away at wages and were meant to reduce union influence. Ray doesn’t agree with that sentiment. “I think for contractors and for the industry, the statistics show that right-to-work states have higher investment, wages are going up, the standard of living is going up and more investment means more business for contractors,” he said. A 2014 Gallup Poll found that 71% Americans supported right-to-work

laws, and 82% agreed that no American should be required to join a private organization like a union. According to a North America’s Building Trades Unions› analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics data, however, union membership is on the rise, increasing 1% in 2016 and adding 238,000 members since 2010.


If nonunion workers take part in union jobs, it’s typically because there is a project labor agreement in place. The parties to such agreements are usually one or more local trade unions and the owner, and they set forth working conditions, labor rates, minority participation requirements, benefits and just about anything else associated with employee compensation and treatment on that particular job. PLAs, however, do not limit participation on a project to union contractors and their employees, and this is where the disagreements begin. When a nonunion worker sets foot on a union-controlled project, the union has to advocate and bargain on his or her behalf as well, according to Eric Dean, general president of the International Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Continued on page 25




per ton, about 30% year over year, an increase the like of which the company hasn’t seen since 2008, according to president and CEO Kimberly Corwin. There has been little pushback from customers around overall price increases, Corwin said, but some competitors are absorbing the increases and not charging customers for them, leading Harris’ customers to question their pricing in that area. “Price increases are a natural part of doing business and, in most cases, help us to provide for our associates with pay raises and offset the costs of rising insurance costs,” she said. “The frustration comes when manufacturers make exceptions or competitors don’t pass along the increases, which upsets the natural balance in the marketplace.”


In a January letter to customers, Corwin chalked up the increases to rising scrap steel costs and price hikes from their manufacturers, but Corwin said there’s another reason as well. “The presidential election was the trigger,” she said. “President Trump’s promise to ‘make America great again’ by limiting imports has empowered the steel mills to issue price increases.” Corwin said that if prices for rebar — which is an integral part of most construction projects — continue to rise, it could result in stalled projects as developers wait for the prices to come down.

Written by: Kim Slowey @kimslowey, Construction Dive

Labor and materials are arguably the two most critical ingredients of any construction project. No buildings transform skylines, no bridges span rivers and no homes rise from foundations without them. That’s why pricing of these two production components can mean cost-cutting is in store for other areas of the job budget or, given steepenough increases, the scuttling of the project altogether.

for this year has been the rising cost of doing business due to material cost increases. So how has the turnaround in material prices affected construction so far, and what can the construction industry expect in the coming months and years?

The most recent numbers from the Bureau of Labor Statistics revealed a 4.8% rise in material prices between February 2016 and February 2017. Ken Simonson, chief economist for the Associated General Contractors of America, said this “sharp U-turn” came after declines of 3.5% in 2015 and 2.7% in 2016.

For some contractors, talk of material prices thus far is just that — talk. However, the talk could be more damaging than the actual threat.

Those declining prices are quickly becoming a distant memory for some segments of the materials sector. Most of the overall uptick in prices can be attributed to an increase in demand driven by ramped-up building activity, but the industry can also look to the factors of energy prices, a more stable global market and tariffs, which Simonson said were tacked onto certain types of foreign steel after protests by U.S. steel manufacturers. One of the most common concerns industry experts cited 24



“Perception is not necessarily reality,” said Jesse Fowler, president of Tellus Design + Build in Southern California. A dialogue about the possibility of rising material prices can become a self-fulfilling prophecy, he said. Fowler noted that there is always uncertainty about how much prices will go up, which sales representatives sometimes use as leverage to persuade companies to place orders and take advantage of lower prices while they can. For Connecticut construction material supplier A.H. Harris & Sons, the battle is rebar (steel reinforcing bar) and wire mesh. In the last 120 days, prices have gone up $140

Rebar is certainly going to be a huge part of President Donald Trump’s planned U.S.–Mexico border wall, as are concrete and cement products, although the impact can’t be truly measured until officials decide on a final design. Concrete is largely a local material, so wall construction could affect that segment’s pricing in nearby markets like San Diego, El Paso, TX, San Antonio, TX, and Brownsville, TX, but not nationally, according to Simonson. A big enough wall, he said, could impact prices nationally for the other material components. Fowler said a massive wall project would be enough to impact pricing of both labor and material all the way up to Orange County, CA. “It’s all really the same market,” he said. “I could see it definitely having an effect.” As for the rest of the year, Simonson doesn’t see drastic increases but instead said 2017 will likely end up with a total increase between 2% and 4%. Corwin added that construction companies should “be alert.” “As the economy continues to improve, that will drive demand. Demand drives increase,” she said.

A New Stronghold, continued from page 23 Iron Workers Union, AFL-CIO. That employee, he said, has the collective bargaining process to thank for what could be a higher wage and for the ability to be able to go to the union for dispute resolution or any other problems while working on the project. “PLAs require unions to protect people whether or not they become a member, or whether or not they opt out of paying dues,” Dean said. “We don’t feel it’s a reach to ask them to pay their share towards the collective bargaining agreement that got them those benefits.” He called any lesser option “grossly unfair.” In fact, Thomas Baylis, partner at Cullen and Dykman, added that the individuals who choose not to pay dues on a PLA job are commonly referred to as free-riders — those who partake in the benefits but don’t pay anything back in. However, the ABC has a different take. “Forcing workers to pay into a benefit plan is unfair,” Ray said. Dues go into benefit programs and pension plans that nonunion workers will never be able to collect on, he added. States are exploring different options to address the free-rider issue, Ray said, including laws that allow nonunion workers to opt out of union representation on a jobby-job basis. Dean still points to union membership as the best shot someone has for a well-paying career in construction and cites its level of training and collective bargaining power as benefits that can’t be found in open-shop programs. “We have the capacity to train workers like no one else,” he said. Ray countered that there are plenty of learning opportunities in the right-to-work world and that the ABC and its members spend more than $1 billion in training each year. What’s next for right-to-work and union labor Baylis said the supply of states ripe for a shift to right-towork laws is fairly exhausted and that the next logical step would be a federal right-to-work law, but he hasn’t seen any indication that is a viable step right now. The only caveat to that position, he said, would be if the Republicans see massive gains in the midterm election and get some serious leverage. In the midst of a campaign to roll back regulation and create an environment more conducive to business, Dean said that President Donald Trump has expressed a commitment to union labor, and his organization will trust that commitment until it has a reason to believe otherwise. “We’re going to hold him to his word,” he said. MAY/JUNE 2017 | CAROLINAS CONTACTS



CONSTRUCTION ECONOMIC UPDATE ABC’s Construction Economic Update covers the latest commercial and industrial construction economic news. Delivered electronically, it provides an analysis of the monthly economic indices released by the federal government, including construction spending, employment, the producer price index and the quarterly gross domestic product. ABC’s 2016 Construction Economic Updates will be delivered according to this schedule. If you wish to receive Construction Economic Updates as they are released, opt-in on the subscribe page. For media inquiries, contact Jeff Leieritz at [email protected] Construction Input Prices Surge to Start 2017 WASHINGTON, D.C., Feb. 14—Construction input prices collectively rose by 1 percent on a monthly basis and 3.8 percent on a year-over-year basis, according to analysis of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data released today by Associated Builders and Contractors. This represents the fastest year-over-year rate of materials price inflation since the beginning of 2012. Nonresidential input prices rose 0.9 percent for the month and are up 4 percent year over year. The rise in input prices is largely attributable to natural gas prices, which expanded 23.6 percent for the month and are up 81.8 percent year over year. Crude petroleum 26


prices slipped 5.5 percent for the month, but are up 77.5 percent for the year. “Despite a still-strong U.S. dollar, input prices have continued to rise in recent weeks,” said ABC Chief Economist Anirban Basu. “There are a number of factors at work, including some evidence that global demand for various materials has begun to firm, including in China. Chinese economic growth was solid last year and ended 2016 on a strong note. There are also indications that U.S. economic growth is set to accelerate due in part to an expected pickup in business investment. “While demand has been firming, certain suppliers have been taking active steps to suppress supply,” said Basu. “OPEC reached an agreement late last year to curb output, helping to bring oil prices above $50/barrel, where they have remained. Concerns regarding trade wars and tariffs may have also helped to push commodity prices higher. “The question is whether these forces will continue to dominate,” said Basu. “They may not as natural gas prices have been falling for much of February, perhaps the result of seasonality. U.S. oil production appears set to rise in the context of higher prices, which could also help to lower prices. Finally, the global economic outlook remains shaky despite relatively upbeat near-term projections for the U.S. economy.” MAY/JUNE 2017 | CAROLINAS CONTACTS


How a Tech-Connected Worksite Can Help You Lower Your Overhead Drones can capture high-quality imagery of the terrain and some are even equipped with real-time streaming Written by Megan Wild

There was a time when the latest technological innova-

tions were too expensive to be of any real use to the average construction company. Given the rapid advancement of software and hardware as of late, the price of next-gen systems and devices has plummeted. In fact, business owners are now using technology to cut costs from elsewhere in their operations.


One of the latest innovations in IT, cloud computing provides enhanced data security, file sharing and collaboration between remote workers and resources. Its benefits are being enjoyed in nearly every professional industry, including construction. Architects, engineers and team leaders are able to check and verify blueprints from anywhere in the world and even share ideas regarding the initial layout or design of their next project. Customers can inspect floor plans, features and even different finishes and textures from their laptop computer. Supervisors can also use the cloud to increase accessibility to safety literature, training documentation and other important information. Cloud computing can strengthen other areas of your business, too. Your human resources department will enjoy an increased sense of innovation as well as simplified access to employee records, and your entire company will benefit from greater transparency and improved industry competitiveness.


The modern global positioning system, or GPS, is far more advanced than the models of just five or 10 years ago. Not only are these devices great for planning your next family vacation, but they can be incredibly useful — and even cut down on some of the overhead expense — when working on a full-scale construction project. Some GPS units even are able to record and transmit data that will also help you identify holes and gaps in your productivity. Company owners who operate and maintain a fleet of vehicles should equip every single one with its own GPS device. This includes common automobiles and trucks as well as heavy-duty equipment such as excavators, backhoes, cranes and dump trucks. Not only does this let you monitor the location of your assets in real-time, but it can cut down on fuel costs and unnecessary time on the road by planning the ideal route to the construction site.


Today’s mobile devices are a boon for construction professionals. Instead of personally traveling to and from mul-



tiple construction sites on a daily basis, remote connectivity hardware gives you the option of checking in with your teams from the comfort of your office. You can also use remote monitoring hardware to verify project completion, perform rudimentary inspections or assessments and hold group meetings with staff members that are located all around the world. Not only does this technology cut down on travel expenses, but it also saves the time of organizing such activities and ensuring everyone can attend. Most telecom providers and many IT developers offer various hardware that will generate a Wi-Fi hotspot nearly anywhere, including on construction sites that haven’t yet been connected to the grid. Certain smartphones and devices can transform into temporary hotspots as well.


Playing with remote-controlled drones may be fun, but the technology has real value on and around the construction site. They can help with the initial phases of construction, including surveying and project planning, and they’re capable of accessing areas that are difficult for humans or modern construction vehicles. Moreover, drones are able to complete large-scale tasks much quicker than humans, which make them even more cost-effective. Drones can also capture high-quality imagery of the terrain. Some are even equipped with real-time streaming — thereby letting them transmit images and, in some cases, live video, to a remote viewing screen. These devices have become so popular that some analysts predict drone industry will exceed $5 billion on in just a few short years from now.


Apart from saving you money on your next construction project, most next-gen software and hardware has the potential to reduce overhead costs year-over-year. Cloudbased servers cut the amount you’ll pay for data storage, document management and recordkeeping, while today’s GPS systems can result in significant fuel savings. Connecting to your jobsites through a remote connection lowers overall travel costs while simultaneously saving time, and aerial drones can survey a property in a fraction of the time when compared to a human with hand tools. —CEG Blogger Megan writes in the residential and commercial construction industries. She is passionate about sustainable design and the adoption of technology in construction. When she’s not writing or reading, you can find her in cafe somewhere, drinking too much coffee. MAY/JUNE 2017 | CAROLINAS CONTACTS


can learn effective leadership and communication skills. This training and continuing leadership education should be an essential element of individual development plans for those in leadership positions. · These skills are essential to getting workers to embrace an effective safety culture, including grasping and implementing appropriate safety concepts and procedures.


4. Institute two separate Pre-Task Hazard Analysis training programs.

· Create distinct pre-task hazard analysis training programs; one for the crew and one specifically designed for 1st line supervision. · These programs will help workers operate safely. · These programs will train supervisors to effectively fulfill their obligation to ensure workers are operating safely at all times.



1. Establish a buddy system for all new hires:

· During orientation assign experienced workers to serve as a new hire’s safety sponsor. ·A  fter 30 days the sponsor and supervisor evaluate new hire’s application of training and understanding of how to perform assigned tasks safely · Both must sign off that worker is ready to work safely without a buddy or the buddy process continues until the new worker has proven they can work safely.

2. Hold safety orientation 30

sessions for all new hires, including temporary workers:

· Require every new hire - whether full time, permanent, part time, temporary, and/or labor-firm staff, to complete a safety orientation system before being allowed to work on a project. This orientation should be separate and independent from the general administrative orientation. · The orientation system includes photos depicting common and not-so-common (lightning, weather) hazards on projects that trainees are quizzed to recognize. · The orientation includes interactive hazard recognition and group discussion on controls.


· The orientation process covers company policies, procedures, and principles covering work rules and conduct. · The orientation includes a verification of competency in the skill or craft the employee was hired to perform.


1. Ensure managers and supervisors have the appropriate Leadership and Effective Communication skills critical to instill safety culture and concepts into the workforce.

· All personnel in supervisory or managerial positions shall complete initial management training so they

5. Hold monthly Lunch and Learn safety training programs. · Organize and host monthly safety lunch and learns. · Include 30-minute presentations from craft workers on pre-determined safety topics. · Workers learn from their peers, (not from supervisors); an effective means to acquire skills.

6. Require All Foremen and/or Superintendents to attend Leadership in Safety Excellence certification courses.

· Project leaders such as foremen and superintendents are critical to the success of the day-to-day performance and implementation of a company’s safety program. · Providing them with the necessary skills to effectively communicate the mission is key to this success.

7. Hold Targeted Safety Training to Address All Safety Incidents.

· Identify safety incidents and details. · Quickly follow up by communicating targeted messages designed to address specific safety hazards involved to avoid similar future incidents. The message can be communicated in bulletins, e-mail, team meetings, formal training, or other appropriate forums.

8. Make Sure All Training and Materials are in the Language of the entire Workforce · Workforces may include workers with limited English skills. · Offer safety training in English and other languages as the need arises to ensure understanding by all workers.

9. Train Your Trainers.

· Training others requires effective communication and training skills. · Provide “Train the Trainer” instruction to all personnel responsible for training others. · Training the Trainer will help improve the effectiveness of the safety training provided. · Retaining “science of teaching” consultants to train the trainers on basic instructional skills and/or retained to develop a program implemented in-house can greatly improve the Train the Trainer programs. · Professional trainer certification and credentialing through OSHA and BCSP ensure adequate rigor in Trainer education.


10. Create worker task-specific “pocket safety guides” for every task they are assigned.

· Laborers may get just one guide for the scope of their task; others, such as equipment operators, may get several pocket guides. · Guides must be kept on their person and produced upon request by supervisor. · Workers are required to verbally explain the safe way to do their key assigned tasks.

· During morning meetings workers are called upon to lead the meeting using their pocket guide.

11. Establish craft-specific safety mentoring programs.

· Schedule monthly mentorship meetings where craft workers of varying tenure meet to help each other understand and discuss safety-related procedures, processes, and lessons learned. · At the end of these meetings, the craft workers will summarize the results and share them with senior management to identify areas that may require additional focus.

12. Issue easy-to-read badges to all workers indicated their level of training.

· Issue easy-to-read badges (for example, badges that use QR codes or color coding) that identify each worker’s level of training and certification for operating equipment · Badges are issued to every worker on a project, regardless of whether they work for a GC or a subcontractor. · Badges allow everyone on a project to be aware of every worker’s training and certification level so they can be assigned appropriate tasks.

13. Authorize all workers to issue Stop Work Cards to address safety risks.

· Issue every worker a “Stop Work Card”. · Instruct every worker that they can use their “Stop Work Cards” to temporarily halt construction activity on a project, if they identify a legitimate safety hazard. · Make it clear to all workers there are no repercussions for using the “Stop Work Cards.” For more information, please contact Kevin Cannon, Senior Director, AGC Safety and Health Services, at (703)837-5410 or [email protected]



*Carla prepared the following information based on articles and fact sheets provided by OSHA, Weather-Ready Nation Ambassador, Safe Workplace and NCDOL.

rises to critical levels. It is a medical emergency that can lead to death.

In the construction industry, many people

are exposed to the heat whether outdoors or indoors. The daily duties involve being in the high air temperatures, radiant heat, high levels of humidity, physical contact with hot equipment and strenuous activities in the heat which all are contributing factors to an increase risk of heat-related illnesses. Share with your employees how to recognize a heat-related illness and how to prevent the illness, so that everyone can go home safely to their families.


When the body is unable to cool itself by sweating, several heat-induced illnesses such as heat cramps, heat exhaustion and the more severe heat stroke can occur.


Heat stroke is the most serious disorder associated with heat stress. It occurs when the body’s temperature regulation fails and body temperature

KEEP YOUR EMPLOYEES SAFE IN THE HEAT Prepared by Carla B. Sims, CRSMCA Executive Director

Heat exhaustion is a result of the combination of excessive heat and dehydration. Untreated, heat exhaustion can lead to heat stroke. Heat exhaustion is more severe with sweating, dizziness, extreme tiredness and rapid or slowed pulse. If heat exhaustion is caused by water loss due to hot temperature or overexertion, symptoms may include thirst headache, weakness and loss of consciousness. Skin is warm and red, sweating profusely in an attempt to dissipate heat from the body. If your body has lost too much salt, you may experience queasiness and vomiting. Cramping and faintness may also occur. In addition confusion and urine that appears very dark, are symptoms associated with heat exhaustion caused by salt depletion. If you experience any of these symptoms, immediately move to a cool location, preferably an air conditioned area indoors. Drink a sports drink or cool water. Lower your body temperature with a cool shower or bath, or by sponging off with a damp towel.



Less than 91º F

Low (Caution)

Basic heat safety and planning

91º F to 103º F


Implement precautions and heighten awareness

103º F to 115º F


Additional precautions to protect workers

Greater than 115º F

Very High to Extreme

Triggers even more agreessive protective measures


of natural salts, sodium and potassium, which need to be replenished with sports drinks. · Wear light-colored, loose-fitting clothing. · Avoid all alcohol and caffeine.

Heat rashes are a common problem resulting from persistent wetting of clothing by unevaporated sweat.

· Heat Stress Quick Card, NCDOL ( Publications/osha3154.pdf)


Any process or job site that is likely to raise the worker’s deep core temperature raises the risk of heat stress. Operations involving high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, or strenuous physical activities have a high potential for inducing heat stress in employees. In addition, age, weight, degree of physical fitness and acclimatization, dehydration, metabolism, use of alcohol or medications, and a variety of medical conditions all affect a person’s sensitivity to heat.


· Heat-related conditions can be prevented or its effects minimized: · Acclimatization (Short work exposure early in the hot season, followed by gradual increases in intensity and duration.) · Know the risk level of the heat index – the heat index is to heat like the wind chill factor is to cold and tells you how hot it will feel when the relative humidity is taken into account. (See chart below.) · Frequent work breaks an area that is cooler than the work environment. · Drink plenty of water or non-caffeinated beverages. Loss


· A Guide to Preventing Heat Stress and Cold Stress, NCDOL ( · OSHA Publications, OSHA Web site (http://www.osha. gov/pls/publications/publication.html) · Heat Stress Training Presentation, NCDOL ( · Heat Stress Videos, NCDOL Library (See “Healthcare” heading under video/DVD titles.) (http://www.nclabor. com/lib/libaud.htm)


 Heat Stress Subject Index, OSHA Web site (http://www.

· Heat Stress Subject Index, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Web site (


If you would like to receive interpretive guidance on this or any other OSH standard/subject, please e-mail ask. [email protected] or call 1-800-NCLABOR.

Heat cramps are usually the result of hard physical labor in a hot environment, often resulting from an imbalance of electrolytes in the body. Heat



cramps are a mild form of heat exhaustion. If you experience heat cramps, stop what you are doing and rest in a cool place, preferably in an air conditioned or shaded area. Drinking a sports drink will cool your body and replenish lost electrolytes. If you do not have a sports drink, consume plenty of cool water. If your symptoms do not go away or get worse, seek medical attention.






de seguridad

TORCH APPLIED ROOFING Torch applied roofing is

of asphalt felt. Be aware that oil, grease, or dust can accumulate at wall terminations on existing structures so extra caution should be used when torching in these areas. Don’t apply the torch to an area you cannot clearly see.

a type of roofing that consists of levels of modified bitumen (similar to asphalt) and is heat-adhered to layers of fiberglass. Used only for flat or nearly-flat roofs, torch down roofing is an excellent means of preventing moisture build-up and obviating the need for constant maintenance. Also, it is a relatively inexpensive form of roofing for a flat roof. But there are injury hazards associated with torch-applied roofing, and that is the topic of this Safety Talk. Because the torches used for this process are fueled by propane, we can’t discuss the hazards of torch applied roofing without first talking about propane safety. Propane or LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is a fuel gas that is compressed and stored in pressurized tanks. The tanks or cylinders come in different sizes with the most common for our industry ranging between 20 and 100 pound cylinders. A small tank being used in cooler weather may frost. Let it thaw naturally and never torch the cylinder to defrost it. Propane cylinders should be kept upright and chained/secured in that position. They should be positioned in areas away from equipment or vehicle traffic. They should be lo34

Lastly, remember that a fire can smolder for an hour or more before bursting into flames. It’s important to have a fire watch for at least one hour after the last torch is turned off. Inspect above and below the roof deck for any hot spots.

Discussion Notes cated away from any heat activity so they don’t over heat. Additionally, use care when lighting a torch and when handling a lit torch. Check all connections and hoses for leaks before you start. Never use a match or cigarette lighter to light a torch. Use a friction spark generator. Some torches are designed so they can be laid down while lit. If you use that type, make sure the surface is not combustible and never leave a lit torch unattended. Next, don’t torch directly to a combustible surface such as plywood. These should be covered with a non-flammable material like a base


Has anyone here ever been injured, or know of someone who was injured while using a torch? (If so, what happened and what could have prevented it?) Gloves should be used at all times. Long sleeves, long pants and boots are recommended. Use vapor torches only on cylinders equipped with vapor withdrawal valves. Never apply flame to cylinders to check for leaks or to increase gas pressure. Do not operate torches or any equipment if the odor of LP-Gas is evident. Immediately shut off all valves and, using soapy water, check all equipment for leaks. Repair all leaks and test for leaks prior to lighting torch.

ANTORCHA TECHADO APLICADA Antorcha techado aplicada es

un tipo de teja de que consta de niveles de betunes modificados (parecido al asfalto) y es calor adheridos a las capas de fibra de vidrio. Utilizado sólo para plana o casi plana, linterna tejados Tejados abajo es un excelente medio de prevenir la acumulación de humedad y evita la necesidad de un mantenimiento constante. También es una forma relativamente barata de cubiertas por un tejado plano. Pero hay peligros asociados con lesiones aplicado con soplete techado, y que es el tema de esta charla de seguridad. Porque las antorchas utilizadas para este proceso son alimentadas por gas propano, no podemos hablar de los peligros de la linterna de impermeabilización aplicada sin hablar primero sobre seguridad de propano. Propano o GLP (gas licuado de petróleo) es un gas combustible que se comprime y se almacena en tanques presurizados. Los tanques o cilindros vienen en diferentes tamaños con el más común para nuestra industria que oscilan entre 20 y 100 libras de los cilindros. Un pequeño tanque utilizado en tiempo frío puede heladas. Deje que se descongele naturalmente y nunca la antorcha del cilindro para descongelarla. Los cilindros de gas propano deben mantenerse

erguido y encadenado/fijada en esa posición. Deben colocarse en áreas lejos del equipo o el tráfico de vehículos. Deben estar ubicados lejos de cualquier actividad de calor para que no se sobrecalienten. Además, tenga cuidado al encender una antorcha y cuando manipule una antorcha encendida. Compruebe todas las conexiones y mangueras de fugas antes de empezar. Nunca utilice un fósforo o encendedor de cigarrillos a la luz de una linterna. Utilice un generador de chispas de fricción. Algunas antorchas están diseñados de manera que puedan ser fijados al encendido. Si utiliza ese tipo, asegúrese de que la superficie no es combustible y nunca deje desatendida una antorcha encendida. A continuación, no quemes directamente a una superficie de combustibles como madera contrachapada. Estos deben ser cubiertos con material no inflamable, como una base de fieltro de asfalto. Ser consciente de que el aceite, grasa o polvo puede acumularse en la pared terminaciones en estructuras existentes así se deberán extremar las precauciones cuando se quema en estas áreas. No aplique la antorcha a un área no puede ver claramente.

Por último, recuerde que un incendio puede arder por una hora o más antes de estallar en llamas. Es importante tener una vigilancia contra incendios durante al menos una hora después de la última antorcha está desactivada. Inspeccione por encima y por debajo de la cubierta de techo para cualquier hot spots.

Notas de discusión

Aquí nadie ha sido herido, o sabe de alguien que fue herido mientras se utiliza un soplete? (Si es así, ¿qué sucedió y qué podría haber impedido?) Los guantes deben usarse en todo momento. Mangas largas, pantalones largos y botas son recomendados. Utilice linternas de vapor sólo en los cilindros equipados con válvulas de retirada de vapor. No aplicar nunca llama a los cilindros para verificar si hay fugas o para aumentar la presión del gas. No funcionan las antorchas o cualquier equipo si el olor de LP-gas es evidente. Apague inmediatamente todas las válvulas y, utilizando agua jabonosa, compruebe todo el equipo en busca de fugas. Repare todas las fugas y prueba de fugas antes de antorcha de iluminación.






May-June 2017 - CRSMCA

CAROLINAS CO N TAC T S May|June 2017 FEATURES THIS MONTH: Roof Wind Speeds Part 1 of 2 Rising Material Costs CRSMCA – COVERING THE CAROLINAS FOR OV...

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