Padri War | Southeast Asian history | Britannica.com

Loading...
START YOUR FREE TRIAL

ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA

SEARCH BRITANNICA SEARCH

SPOTLIGHT · DEMYSTIFIED · QUIZZES · GALLERIES · LISTS · ON THIS DAY · BIOGRAPHIES

print Print

bookmark Cite

Padri War SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica See Article History

Padri War, (1821–37), armed conflict in Minangkabau (Sumatra) between reformist Muslims, known as Padris, and local chieftains assisted by the Dutch. In the early 19th century the puritan Wahhābīyah sect of Islām spread to Sumatra, brought by pilgrims who entered the island through Pedir, a northern port. The Padris, as these Sumatran converts to Wahhābīyah came to be known, objected to local institutions that were not in accordance with the pure teaching of Islām. This jeopardized the power of the local chiefs, whose authority was based on adat, or customary law. In the ensuing conflict between the Padris and local chiefs, the Padris, using Bondjol as their base, launched guerrilla war against the chiefs. The Dutch, afraid of the influence of the Muslim reformists, sided with the chiefs but were still engaged in the Java War (1825–30) and thus unable to send troops to crush the Padris until the end of that war. Tuanku Imam Bondjol, the leader of the Padris, surrendered to the Dutch in 1832 but soon

Padri War

renewed his rebellion. The war continued until 1837, when the Dutch seized Bondjol. The war allowed

SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY

the Dutch to extend their control into the interior regions of Sumatra. DATE

1821 - 1837

LEARN MORE in these related articles:

LOCATION

Indonesia

Indonesia: Dutch rule from 1815 to c. 1920

KEY PEOPLE

…were drawn into the so-called Padri War (named for Pedir, a town in Aceh through which

Imam Bondjol

Muslim pilgrims usually returned home from Mecca). Basically, the war was a religious struggle in Minangkabau country between revivalist Islamic leaders (called Padris) and the local adat (“customary law”) leaders, who were supported by… READ MORE

West Sumatra: History

TOPICS

·

Colonialism, Western

·

Netherlands

·

West Sumatra

…civil war known as the Padri War (1821–37). Dutch rule was then imposed throughout the domain of the Minangkabau (roughly coextensive with what is now West Sumatra province).

READ MORE

Imam Bondjol …Padri faction in the religious Padri War, which divided the Minangkabau people of Sumatra in the 19th century. READ MORE

Imam Bondjol Imam Bondjol, Minangkabau religious leader, key member of the Padri faction in the religious Padri War, which divided the Minangkabau people of Sumatra in the 19th century.

READ MORE

Civil war Civil war, a violent conflict between a state and one or more organized non-state actors in the state’s territory. Civil wars are thus distinguished from interstate conflicts

READ MORE

MORE ABOUT Padri War 3 REFERENCES FOUND IN BRITANNICA ARTICLES

Assorted References effect on the Minangkabau (In Imam Bondjol)

significance in Indonesia (In Indonesia: Dutch rule from 1815 to c. 1920)

West Sumatra (In West Sumatra: History)

ARTICLE HISTORY ARTICLE CONTRIBUTORS

CHAT FEEDBACK

Corrections? Updates? Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback.

KEEP EXPLORING BRITANNICA

World War I World War II World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The...

September 11 attacks

READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP

September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed by 19 militants associated...

World War I, an international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along... READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP

READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP

VIEW MORE

STAY CONNECTED

About Us

About Our Ads

LOG IN · JOIN

drafts

Partner Program Contact Us Privacy Policy ©2018 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

Terms of Use

close

share Share

chat Feedback

Loading...

Padri War | Southeast Asian history | Britannica.com

START YOUR FREE TRIAL ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA SEARCH BRITANNICA SEARCH SPOTLIGHT · DEMYSTIFIED · QUIZZES · GALLERIES · LISTS · ON THIS DAY · BIOGRA...

676KB Sizes 8 Downloads 20 Views

Recommend Documents

No documents