START YOUR FREE TRIAL
SEARCH BRITANNICA SEARCH
SPOTLIGHT · DEMYSTIFIED · QUIZZES · GALLERIES · LISTS · ON THIS DAY · BIOGRAPHIES
Padri War SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY WRITTEN BY: The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica See Article History
Padri War, (1821–37), armed conflict in Minangkabau (Sumatra) between reformist Muslims, known as Padris, and local chieftains assisted by the Dutch. In the early 19th century the puritan Wahhābīyah sect of Islām spread to Sumatra, brought by pilgrims who entered the island through Pedir, a northern port. The Padris, as these Sumatran converts to Wahhābīyah came to be known, objected to local institutions that were not in accordance with the pure teaching of Islām. This jeopardized the power of the local chiefs, whose authority was based on adat, or customary law. In the ensuing conflict between the Padris and local chiefs, the Padris, using Bondjol as their base, launched guerrilla war against the chiefs. The Dutch, afraid of the influence of the Muslim reformists, sided with the chiefs but were still engaged in the Java War (1825–30) and thus unable to send troops to crush the Padris until the end of that war. Tuanku Imam Bondjol, the leader of the Padris, surrendered to the Dutch in 1832 but soon
renewed his rebellion. The war continued until 1837, when the Dutch seized Bondjol. The war allowed
SOUTHEAST ASIAN HISTORY
the Dutch to extend their control into the interior regions of Sumatra. DATE
1821 - 1837
LEARN MORE in these related articles:
Indonesia: Dutch rule from 1815 to c. 1920
…were drawn into the so-called Padri War (named for Pedir, a town in Aceh through which
Muslim pilgrims usually returned home from Mecca). Basically, the war was a religious struggle in Minangkabau country between revivalist Islamic leaders (called Padris) and the local adat (“customary law”) leaders, who were supported by… READ MORE
West Sumatra: History
…civil war known as the Padri War (1821–37). Dutch rule was then imposed throughout the domain of the Minangkabau (roughly coextensive with what is now West Sumatra province).
Imam Bondjol …Padri faction in the religious Padri War, which divided the Minangkabau people of Sumatra in the 19th century. READ MORE
Imam Bondjol Imam Bondjol, Minangkabau religious leader, key member of the Padri faction in the religious Padri War, which divided the Minangkabau people of Sumatra in the 19th century.
Civil war Civil war, a violent conflict between a state and one or more organized non-state actors in the state’s territory. Civil wars are thus distinguished from interstate conflicts
MORE ABOUT Padri War 3 REFERENCES FOUND IN BRITANNICA ARTICLES
Assorted References effect on the Minangkabau (In Imam Bondjol)
significance in Indonesia (In Indonesia: Dutch rule from 1815 to c. 1920)
West Sumatra (In West Sumatra: History)
ARTICLE HISTORY ARTICLE CONTRIBUTORS
Corrections? Updates? Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback.
KEEP EXPLORING BRITANNICA
World War I World War II World War II, conflict that involved virtually every part of the world during the years 1939–45. The...
September 11 attacks
READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP
September 11 attacks, series of airline hijackings and suicide attacks committed by 19 militants associated...
World War I, an international conflict that in 1914–18 embroiled most of the nations of Europe along... READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP
READ THIS ARTICLEARROW_DROP_UP
About Our Ads
LOG IN · JOIN