Phobos (moon) - Blog.hr - Dnevnik

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Phobos (moon) Četvrtak, 20.08.2009.

Origin Sviđa mi se

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In the origin of the satellites of Mars are still controversial. [28] Phobos and Deimos, both have much in common with carbon C-type asteroids with spectra, albedos and densities very similar to C or D-type asteroids. [12] Based on this similarity, one hypothesis is that the two Moons, may have been captured in Mars orbit from the main belt asteroids. [29] [30] Both Moons is circular orbit that lies almost exactly in Mars' equatorial plane, and hence the seizure origin requires a mechanism for circularizing initially highly eccentric orbits, and the adjustment of its inclination to the equatorial plane, most likely through a combination of atmospheric braking and tidal forces, [31], although it is not clear that there is enough time for this to occur for Deimos. [28] Capture also requires energy dissipation. The current atmosphere of Mars is too thin to capture the size of the object Phobos atmospheric braking. [28] Geoffrey Landis noted that the seizure could occur if the original body is a binary asteroid, which are separated due to tidal forces. [30] The main alternative hypothesis is that the Moons accreted in this situation. Another hypothesis is that Mars was once surrounded by many of Phobos and Deimos size of possibly ejected into orbit around a collision with a large planetesimal



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Kolovoz 2009 (9) Dnevnik.hr Gol.hr Zadovoljna.hr OYO.hr NovaTV.hr DomaTV.hr Mojamini.tv

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Phobos in fiction Sviđa mi se

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In the satire of Gulliver Travels by Jonathan Swift, the people of Laputa argue that discovered two satellites of Mars, providing a fairly accurate discriptions. That is why the names of Gulliver Travel is used especially for the satellites of Mars. Swift classic was written about 150 years to Phobos and Deimos were discovered Asaph Hall. In Arthur C. Clarke 'S novel "The Sands of Mars, Mars is terraformed when Phobos was ignited as a second sun through the pion-resonance response, and the novel" The Fountains of Paradise "," Phobos is an obstacle to building a space elevator on Mars because of its close orbit. In the short story "Hide and Seek", "Phobos is a scene of seemingly unequal meeting between the agent is forced to land on the tiny moon and warship him. James Blish in the novel "The Mission in the heart of a star begins with a few astronauts exploring the interior of Phobos, which is on an artificial satellite to orbit Mars observations to explore the solar system hegemony Malis - alien collective political inhabiting the stars near the center of the Milky Way (in the heart stars' in the title). Mars Trilogy Kim Stanley Robinson is a chronicle of the settlement and terraforming of the planet Mars. In this series, the weapons system is built on Phobos is activated, resulting in full moon (which at that time was a transnational military base), the slowdown in orbit and destructively aerobrake to Mars' atmosphere, absolutely destroy it. In Alfred Bester in the stars my destination, Phobos is the second Inner Planet colonies are attacked by space satellite (the first of which is the Earth) when the military began to rise. Episode 1 of Doom video game series took place on Phobos.

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20.08.2009. u 07:57 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Future missions Sviđa mi se

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Russian Space Agency plans to start sample return mission to Phobos in 2009 under the name "Phobos-grunt. The return capsule will include a life science experiment Planetary Society under the title Life interplanetary flight experiment, or of life. [39] The second contribution to this mission with China's satellite shooting called "Yinghuo-1", which will be released in the orbit of Mars, as well as grinding and sieving the soil of the scientific demands on Phobos lands. [40] [41] [42] Astrium in the UK, also plans to sample return mission. [43]

In Phobos Monolith "(right of center), as adopted by the Mars Global Surveyor (MOC Image 55103) in 1998. In 2007, the Canadian Space Agency is funding research Optech, and the Mars Institute for unmanned missions to Phobos known as Prime (Phobos Reconnaissance and International Exploration of Mars). The proposed location for the landing ship PRIME is "Phobos Monolith", "bright object near Stickney, which casts a shadow visible. [44] [45] The base of astronaut Aldrin described the "monolith" on July 22, 2009 interview with C-Span: "We must go boldly where people have not gone before. Fly to comets, asteroids trip to visit the moon of Mars. There, in the cast there. It is very unusual structure of the potato in the form of the object, which is around Mars in seven hours time. When people learn that they are going to say: "Who is there? Who is there? "Universe to put it there. If you decide to God it is ..." [46] Phobos has also been proposed as an early target for the manned mission to Mars, [47], since landing on Phobos will be much less complicated (and therefore much less expensive) than landing on the surface of Mars itself. A lander on Mars is connected must be able in the atmosphere and the subsequent entry into the ground to return to orbit without any ancillary facilities (capacity of which has never been an attempt on the manned spacecraft of human design), or require the establishment of support facilities in place (in the colony or bust "missions), and the lander is designed to Phobos may be based on equipment designed for lunar and asteroid landings.

20.08.2009. u 07:56 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

"Hollow Phobos" sestions Sviđa mi se

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In the late 1950's and 1960's, the unusual orbital characteristics of Phobos has led to speculation that it might be hollow. Around 1958, Russian astrophysicist Iosif Shklovsky Samuilovich, the study of the secular acceleration of Phobos' orbital motion, proposed a "thin sheet metal" of Phobos, the proposals that have led to speculation that Phobos was an artificial origin. [33] Shklovsky based his analysis on estimated the density of the upper atmosphere of Mars, and concludes that for weak braking effect to be able to account for the secular acceleration, Phobos should be a very easy calculation yielded a hollow iron sphere 16 km across but less than 6 cm. [33] [34] In February 1960 letter to the journal Astronautics, [35] S. Fred Singer, a science adviser to U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower, came out in support of the theory of Shklovskii, stating: [Phobos'] purpose may be to sweep up radiation in Mars' atmosphere, so the Martians could safely operate around the world. My conclusion there is, and here I am back Shklov that if the satellite is indeed spiraling inward as derived from astronomical observations, that there is little alternative to the hypothesis that it is hollow, and therefore made a martian. Big 'if' lies in the astronomical observations, they may well be a mistake. Because they are based on several independent sets of measurements of decades, except for different observers with different instruments, systematic errors may affect them. [35] Subsequently, however, the existence of acceleration, which led to the claims was called into question [36] and accurate measurements of the orbit can be 1969 found that the difference does not exist. [37] The singer's criticism was justified, when the early studies were later found to have used to overestimate the importance of 5 cm / year to calculate the altitude loss, which was later revised to 1.8 cm / year. [38] The secular acceleration is attributed to tidal effects, which were not considered in previous studies. The density of Phobos has directly measured the ship will be 1,887 g / cm ł [4], which is contrary to the hollow shell. In addition, images obtained with the probe Viking in 1970 clearly showed a natural object, not an artificial one, and "hollow" Phobos "Speculation had been relegated to the status of historical curiosity.

20.08.2009. u 07:55 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Future destruction Sviđa mi se

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Because of the low Phobos rotation rate relative to its orbital rate, tidal locking reduces its orbital radius of about 20 meters per century. At 11 million years, it will either impact the surface of Mars or, more likely to divide into a planetary ring. [26] In view of Phobos in the wrong form, and provided that it is a bunch of garbage (especially in the MohrCoulomb body), it was estimated that Phobos is currently stable in relation to the tidal forces. However, it is assumed that Phobos will be Roche limit for the garbage pile when it drops on the orbital radius of just over 2000 km to 7100 km. At the distance of Phobos likely will begin to disperse and form short-lived ring system around Mars. The rings themselves will continue to spiral slowly to Mars.

20.08.2009. u 07:54 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Orbital characteristics Sviđa mi se

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Phobos' unusually close orbit around its parent planet produces some unusual effects. As can be seen from Phobos, Mars would appear more than 6400 times and 2500 times brighter than the full moon is from Earth, taking up a quarter of the width of a celestial hemisphere. Phobos orbits Mars below the synchronous orbit radius, meaning that it moves around Mars faster than Mars itself rotates. Therefore, it rises in the West, moved relatively quickly across the sky (in 4 h 15 min or less) and sets in the east of the country, about twice each Martian day (every 11 hours 6 min.) Because this is close to the surface, and equatorial orbit, it may not be above the horizon from latitudes greater than 70,4 °. As seen from Mars' Equator, Phobos is one third the angular diameter of the full moon as seen from Earth. Observers in higher latitudes of Mars to see less of angular diameter, as they would have been much further from Phobos. Phobos' apparent size will depend from the actual to 45% as it passed over their heads, because of its proximity to the surface of Mars: equatorial observer, for example, Phobos is about 0.14 ° on the growth and swell to 0.20 ° at the time it reaches the zenith. For comparison, The sun will be apparent size of about 0.35 ° in the Martian sky. Phobos' stages, as they can watch from Mars, take 0.3191 days (Phobos' synodic period) to run its course, but only 13 seconds longer than Phobos' sidereal period.

20.08.2009. u 07:53 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Physical characteristics Sviđa mi se

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Phobos is one of the least light-reflecting bodies in the solar system. Spectroscopically she did not like the D-type asteroids [12] and, apparently, in the same chondrite carbonaceous materials [13]. Phobos' density is too small for the solid rock, however, and it is known to have significant porosity. [14] [15] [16] These results led to the fact that Phobos might contain a substantial reservoir of ice. Spectral observations show that the surface regolith layer is absent hydration, [17] [18], but the ice under the regolith is not excluded. [19] Faint dust ring is produced by Phobos and Deimos has long been predicted, but attempts to observe these rings are, to date, not [20]. New images from Mars Global Surveyor indicate that Phobos is covered with a layer of fine-grained regolith at least 100 meters thick, but is believed to have been created to influence from other bodies, but it is not known what material stuck to the object with almost no gravity. [21] Phobos is a highly aspherical, with dimensions of 27 × 22 × 18 km. [2], because his only form of gravity on its surface varies around 210%, tidal forces raised by Mars more than twice this option (about 450%) because they compensate for slightly more than half of Phobos' gravity on its sub - and anti-pole of Mars. [citation needed] Phobos is heavily cratered. [22] The most prominent feature of the Stickney crater, named in honor of Asaph Hall's wife Angeline Stickney Hall, Stickney in her maiden name. Like Mimas crater [email protected];O to a lesser extent, the impact that created Stickney must have almost shattered Phobos. [23] Many grooves and bands also cover the strange shape of the surface. In the grooves are typically less than 30 meters from 100 to 200 m wide and up to 20 km in length and were originally to have been the result of the same impact that created Stickney. Analysis of the results obtained from the spacecraft Mars Express, however, showed that the groove, not a fact, radial to Stickney, but at the center leading the top of Phobos in its orbit (which is not far from the Stickney). Researchers believe that they were excavated material ejected into space exposure on the surface of Mars. [24] grooves, thus forming a crater chains, and they all disappear, as the trailing apex is approached Phobos. They were grouped into 12 or more families of different age groups, presumably representing at least 12 Martian impact of events. [24] Unique Kaidun meteorite is considered to be a piece of Phobos, but it was difficult to verify, since very little is known about the detailed structure of the Moon.

20.08.2009. u 07:52 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Discovery Sviđa mi se

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Phobos was discovered astronomer Asaph Hall, Senior, 18 August 1877, the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, at approximately 09:14 UTC (modern sources, using the pre-1925 astronomy convention, which began the day at noon, give time of discovery, as the August 17, 16:06 Washington Mean Time). [7] [8] [9] Hall also discovered Deimos, "Mars' other moon. The names, which were originally written Phobus and Deimus, respectively, were sested by Henry Madan (1838-1901), Master of Science Eton XV of the books in the Iliad, where Ares summons fear (Deimos) and Fear (Phobos).

20.08.2009. u 07:51 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

Phobos Sviđa mi se

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Phobos (pronounced / foŠbYs / RS-bYs, or, as the Greek ¦Ě˛żÂ) (systematic name: Mars I) is the largest and closest of two small satellites of Mars, another Deimos. It is named after the Greek god Phobos (which means "fear"), son of Ares (Mars). A small, irregularly shaped object, Phobos orbit about 9377 km (5827 miles) from the center of Mars, closer to its primary than any other planetary moon.

20.08.2009. u 07:49 • 0 Komentara • Print • #

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Phobos (moon) - Blog.hr - Dnevnik

Phobos (moon) Četvrtak, 20.08.2009. Origin Sviđa mi se Podijeli Jednoj osobi se ovo sviđa. Registriraj se kako biste vidjeli što se sviđa vašim prij...

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