Prevalence of Risk Factors for Chronic Non-communicable Diseases

Loading...
PubMed

Format: Abstract J Family Med Prim Care. 2014 Apr;3(2):112-8. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.137617.

Full text links

Prevalence of Risk Factors for Chronic Non-communicable Diseases Using WHO Steps Approach in an Adult Population in Delhi. Garg A1, Anand T 1, Sharma U1, Kishore J1, Chakraborty M 2, Ray PC2, Ingle GK1.

Author information Abstract OBJECTIVE: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing worldwide largely due to prevalence of various risk factors, which can be controlled. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to measure the prevalence of major preventable risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases in an urban resettlement colony of Delhi, using STEPS approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study, that included a random sample of 200 adults, was conducted. A study tool based on the WHO STEPS questionnaire for assessing non-communicable diseases and their risk factors was used. Fasting venous blood sample was collected to assess the lipid profile and fasting blood sugar. Anthropometric measurements of the participants were also taken. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17. RESULTS: Out of the 200 participants, 26% (n = 52) were consuming alcohol and 17% (n = 34) were smoking. Majority (77.5%) had a raised waist circumference, and more than two-thirds were either overweight or obese. Fasting blood sugar levels were found to be raised in 18% of the study population. More than third participants had raised systolic and diastolic blood pressures and abnormal lipid profiles. More males were found to be overweight in comparison to females (P < 0.01), but in contrast, obesity (P < 0.05) and raised waist circumference (P < 0.001) were more common in females. Tobacco use was more common in lower class (P < 0.05), whereas obesity was commoner in the upper socio-economic class (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Study showed a high burden of risk factors for NCDs in the study population, pointing towards changing disease epidemiology of non-communicable diseases in India. KEYWORDS: Alcohol use; Delhi; WHO step approach; non-communicable diseases; risk factors; tobacco use PMID: 25161966 PMCID: PMC4139989 DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.137617

Free PMC Article

LinkOut - more resources

PubMed Commons

PubMed Commons home

0 comments How to join PubMed Commons

Loading...

Prevalence of Risk Factors for Chronic Non-communicable Diseases

PubMed Format: Abstract J Family Med Prim Care. 2014 Apr;3(2):112-8. doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.137617. Full text links Prevalence of Risk Factors for...

51KB Sizes 1 Downloads 14 Views

Recommend Documents

Review of Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Diseases*
significance of lipoprotein particles LpA-I and ApA-. LA-II. In: Rifai N, Wamick GR, Dominiczak ... plasty as a risk fac

Chronic Post Inguinal Herniorraphy Pain: Prevalence and Risk Factors
No significant age difference was noted between those with pain and the pain free. All those with chronic pain were male

Prevalence of Urinary Incontinence, Risk Factors
didapatkan secara konsekutif dari poliklinik anak, urologi, kebidanan & kandungan, dan geriatri pada enam rumah sakit pe

Challenges in the management of chronic noncommunicable
Jun 15, 2015 - First, we obtained a list of pharmacists from the Faculty Intern Training Program (ITP) Unit. From the li

Prevalence and social distribution of risk factors for - BDPI USP
Downloaded from: Biblioteca Digital da Produção Intelectual - BDPI, Universidade de São Paulo. Biblioteca Digital da

Fiscal Policies for Diet and Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases
Fiscal Policies for Diet and Prevention of. Noncommunicable. Diseases. Technical Meeting Report. 5–6 May 2015, Geneva,

Ethnic differences in prevalence and risk factors for
Background: Limited information is available about the prevalence, ethnic disparities, ... Keywords: Amerindian, Ethnici

Paediatrica Indonesiana Prevalence and risk factors for epilepsy in
20. Soetomenggolo TS. Pemeriksaan penunjang pada epilepsi. In: Soetomenggolo TS, Ismael S, editors. Buku ajar neurologi

Clinical Study Prevalence and Risk Factors for - BioMedSearch
Sep 20, 2012 - Tatiana Teixeira Ferreira,1 Fernanda Maria Silva Leoni,1 and Maria Fernanda Rios Grassi1, 2. 1 Department

Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among - MDPI
Oct 5, 2012 - Prevalence and Risk Factors for Poor Nutritional Status among Children in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzan