Risk factors - World Health Organization

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56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO region

Children aged <5 years stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands

EMR EUR AFR EUR AFR AMR AMR EUR WPR EUR EUR AMR EMR SEAR AMR EUR EUR AMR AFR SEAR AMR EUR AFR AMR WPR EUR AFR AFR WPR AFR AMR AFR AFR AFR AMR WPR AMR AFR AFR WPR

53.6 39.2 21.6 ... 50.8 ... 8.2 18.2 ... ... 24.1 ... ... 50.5 ... ... ... ... 39.1 47.7 32.5 12.1 29.1 ... ... 8.8 43.1 63.1 49.2 35.4 ... ... 44.6 44.8 2.7 18.6 16.2 46.9 31.2 ...

Costa Rica Côte d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus

AMR AFR EUR AMR EUR

... 31.5 ... 9.6 ...

1997 2000 2002 2001 2004–2005 2005

2000

2004

2001 1999 2003–2004 2000 2000

2004 2003 2000 2000 2004

2000 2004 2006 2002 2005 2000 2005

1998–1999 2000

Children aged <5 years underweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 46.2 17.0 10.2 ... 27.5 ... 2.3 4.2 ... ... 14.0 ... ... 42.7 ... ... ... ... 21.5 14.1 5.9 4.2 10.7 3.7 ... 1.6 35.2 38.9 39.5 15.1 ... ... 21.8 33.9 0.8 6.1 5.1 25.0 11.8 ... ... 18.2 ... 4.3 ...

46

1997 2000 2002 2001 2004–2005 2005

2000

2004

2001 1999 2003–2004 2000 2000 2002–2003 2004 2003 2000 2000 2004

2000 2004 2006 2002 2004–2005 2000 2005

1998–1999 2000

Children aged <5 years overweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes ... 30.0 15.4 ... 5.3 ... 9.9 11.7 ... ... 6.2 ... ... 0.9 ... ... ... ... 3.0 3.9 9.2 16.3 10.4 ... ... 13.6 5.4 1.4 4.0 8.7 ... ... 10.8 4.4 11.7 6.1 4.2 21.5 8.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ... ...

... 2000 2002 2001 2004–2005 2005

2000

2004

2001 1999 2003–2004 2000 2000

2004 2003 2000 2000 2004

2000 2004 2006 2002 2004–2005 2000 2005

1998–1999

Lowbirthweight newbornsb

Adults aged ≥15 years who are obesec

(%) Both sexes 2000–2002

(%) Male

Year

Female

... 3 7 ... 12 8 7 7 7 7 11 7 8 30 10 5 8 6 16 15 9 4 10 10 10 10 19 16 11 11 6 13 14 17 5 6 9 25 ... 3

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 19.4 ... ... ... 23.3 ... ... ... 11.9 ... ... ... ... 16.5 ... 8.9 ... ... ... ... ... ... 15.9 ... ... ... 19.0 2.4 8.8 ... ... 55.7

... ... ... ... ... ... ... 14.1 22.0 ... 12.4 ... 34.1 ... ... ... 13.4 ... 6.1 ... 15.1 25.2 ... 13.1 ... ... 2.4 ... 0.7 8.2 13.9 ... ... ... 25.0 3.4 16.6 ... ... 60.5

7 17 6 6 ...

... ... 21.6 ... ...

... 5.0 22.7 ... ...

2000–2001m 1999–2000n 2001k 1998–1999n

2004o 2001m 2003m 2002n 2002–2003n

2003m 2000m 2004m 2003n,o

2003n 2002n 2005n

2003n 1998–1999m 2003n

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS 2007

Access to improved drinking water sourcesd

Access to improved sanitationd

Population using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

63 99 88 100 75 95 98 99 100 100 95 98 100 82

31 94 80 100 40 89 80 80 100 100 59 86 ... 72

49 99 99 100 56 98 92 96 100 100 73 100 100 51

29 84 82 100 16 94 83 61 100 100 36 100 ... 35

100 100 100 100 78 86 95 99 100 96 ... 100 94 92 64 86 100 86 93 41 100

100 100 100 82 57 60 68 96 90 57 ... 97 54 77 35 44 99 73 61 43 58

99 93 100 71 59 65 60 99 57 83 ... 100 42 47 53 58 100 61 47 24 95

93 99 92 84 98 100 97 100 95 100

67 71 82 27 88 92 74 100 78 100

69 96 41 28 100 89 46 100 99 100

Urban 2003

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adolescents (13–15 years)g Rural 2003

Both sexes

... ... ... ... ... ... ... 9 ... ... ... ... ... 54

... ... ... ... ... ... ... 54 ... ... ... ... ... 99

... 13.0 ... ... ... 14.1 ... 7.3 ... ... ... 11.9 19.9 ...

100 61 100 25 11 70 22 92 25 37 ... 96 6 35 8 43 99 19 12 4 62

... ... ... ... 88 ... 5 21 ... 5 ... ... 91 98 82 62 ... ... ... 95 ...

... ... ... ... 99 ... 80 75 ... 53 ... ... 100 100 99 98 ... ... ... 98 ...

14.8 26.9 ... 18.1 14.5 18.1 ... ... 11.3 ... ... 34.3 ... ... 5.1 ... ... ... ... ... ...

28 54 29 25 100 97 29 100 95 100

... 3 46 84 ... ... 63 7 ... ...

... 48 90 98 ... ... 95 24 ... ...

... ... ... ... 45.1 18.7 ... 18.9 ... ...

Year

2004

2004 2004

2004 2002 2002 2004 2002 2003 2004

2001

2002

2003

2003 2002 2003

Per capita recorded alcohol consumptioni (litres of pure alcohol) among adults (≥15 years)

Adults (≥15 years)h Male

Female

... 46.3 ... ... ... ... ... 67.5 ... ... ... ... 15.0 58.2

... 3.0 ... ... ... ... ... 3.1 ... ... ... ... 3.1 8.2

... ... 28.0 ... ... ... ... 54.2 ... 26.3 ... ... 24.2 ... ... ... 22.0 ... ... 18.3 48.3

... ... 20.0 ... ... ... ... 34.2 ... 17.5 ... ... 11.1 ... ... ... 18.0 ... ... 3.7 36.8

57.4 ... 27.5 16.5 ... ... 20.7 31.6 ... ...

3.5 ... 17.0 1.7 ... ... 3.2 22.9 ... ...

47

Year

2002k,l

2001m

2001 2003n

2001

2003n 2003n

2003n

2003l

2003n 2003n 2003n,p 2003n,p 2003n,p

2003n,p 2003n

Prevalence of condom use by young people (15–24 years) at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

0.01 2.01 0.16 ... 3.86 5.73 8.40 1.48 9.02 11.08 4.54 10.40 6.98

... ... ... ... ... ... ... 44 ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

0.00 ... 5.53 10.63 6.25 1.29 0.23 3.23 9.05 4.29 5.76 0.12 5.86 5.01 9.10 1.48 3.77 7.80 4.78 1.53 0.31

... ... ... ... ... 34 ... 37 ... 88 ... ... ... 67 ... ... 57 ... ... ... 25

... ... ... ... ... 19 ... 20 ... 75 ... ... ... 54 ... ... 46 ... ... ... 17

6.60 5.20 5.68 0.31 2.60 3.73 5.65 1.77 12.25 2.26 11.52

... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... 30 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Year

2000

2001 2003 2000

2003

2004

2004

2000

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO region

Children aged <5 years stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

Czech Republic Democratic People’s Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland

EUR SEAR AFR EUR EMR AMR AMR AMR EMR AMR AFR AFR EUR AFR WPR EUR EUR AFR AFR EUR EUR AFR EUR AMR AMR AFR AFR AMR AMR AMR EUR EUR SEAR SEAR EMR EMR EUR

2.6 44.7 44.4 ... 28.6 ... 11.7 29.0 23.8 24.6 42.6 43.7 ... 50.7 ... ... ... 26.3 24.1 15.2 ... 35.6 ... ... 54.3 39.3 36.1 13.8 28.3 29.9 ... ... 51.0 28.6 19.7 28.3 ...

Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati

EUR EUR AMR WPR EMR EUR AFR WPR

... ... 4.5 ... 12.0 13.9 35.8 ...

2001–2002 2002 2001 2002 2002 2004 2005 2002–2003 2000 2002 2005

2000–2001 2000 1999 2003

2002 2005 2000 2000 2000 2005–2006

1998–1999 2004 1998 2000

2004 2002 1999 2003

Children aged <5 years underweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 2.1 17.8 33.6 ... 23.9 ... 4.2 6.2 5.4 6.1 15.7 34.5 ... 34.6 ... ... ... 8.8 15.4 3.4 ... 18.8 ... ... 17.7 22.5 21.9 11.9 13.9 8.6 ... ... 44.4 19.7 9.1 12.9 ... ... ... 3.1 ... 3.6 3.8 16.5 ...

48

2001–2002 2002 2001 2002 2002 2004 2005 2002–2003 2000 2002 2005

2000–2001 2000 1999 2003

2002 2005 2000 2000 2000 2005–2006

1998–1999 2004 1998 2000

2004 2002 1999 2003

Children aged <5 years overweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 4.4 0.9 6.5 ... ... ... 8.6 5.1 14.1 5.8 14.0 1.6 ... 5.1 ... ... ... 5.6 3.0 17.7 ... 4.5 ... ... 5.6 5.1 5.1 5.5 3.1 5.8 ... ... 3.6 5.1 7.0 5.5 ... ... ... 7.5 ... 4.7 5.3 5.8 ...

2001–2002 2002 2001

2002 2004 2005 2002–2003 2000 2002 2005

2000–2001 2000 1999 2003

2002 2005 2000 2000 2000 2005–2006

1998–1999 2004 1998 2000

2004 2002 1999 2003

Lowbirthweight newbornsb

Adults aged ≥15 years who are obesec

(%) Both sexes 2000–2002

(%) Male

Year

Female

7 7 12 5 ... 10 11 16 12 13 13 21 4 15 10 4 7 14 17 6 7 11 8 9 13 12 22 12 21 14 9 4 30 9 7 15 6

13.7 ... ... 9.8 ... ... 12.7 ... 12.6 ... ... ... 13.7 ... 9.8 21.2 ... ... ... ... 13.6 ... 26.0 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 17.1 12.4 0.3 1.1 5.6 ... 14.0

16.3 2002n,o ... ... 9.1 2000n,o ... ... 18.3 1996–1998n ... 33.0 1998–1999n ... ... 1.6 2002m 14.9 2004n,o 0.3 2000m 26.4 2002n 23.5 2000–2001n ... 8.2 2000m ... ... 12.3 2002–2003n,o 8.1 2003m 18.2 2004n ... 12.2 1998–1999m 2.6 1999m ... ... 7.8 2000m ... 18.2 2003–2004n,o 12.3 2002o 0.6 1998n 3.6 2001 14.2 1999 ... 12.0 2002n,o

8 6 9 8 10 8 11 5

19.8 9.3 ... 2.9 ... ... ... ...

25.4 8.7 ... 3.3 26.3 12.7 6.3 ...

1999–2001n 2003n,o 2001 2002m 1999m 2003m

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS 2007

Access to improved drinking water sourcesd

Access to improved sanitationd

Population using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

Urban 2004

100 100 82 100 76 100 97 97 99 94 45 74 100 81

100 100 29 100 59 90 91 89 97 70 42 57 99 11

99 58 42 100 88 86 81 94 86 77 60 32 97 44

43 100 100 95 95 96 100 88 ... 97 99 78 79 83 52 95 100 100 95 87 99 97 100 100 100 98 100 99 97 83 77

51 100 100 47 77 67 100 64 ... 93 92 35 49 83 56 81 98 100 83 69 84 50 ... 100 ... 88 100 91 73 46 53

87 100 ... 37 72 96 100 27 ... 96 90 31 57 86 57 87 100 100 59 73 ... 95 ... 100 ... 91 100 94 87 46 59

Rural 2004

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adolescents (13–15 years)g

Urban 2003

Rural 2003

Both sexes

97 60 25 100 50 75 73 82 58 39 46 3 96 7

1 ... ... ... 2 ... 7 1 0 ... ... 31 10 78

5 ... ... ... 50 ... 35 8 4 ... ... 97 34 100

34.6 ... ... ... 14.9 17.2 14.9 ... 12.6 19.0 ... 6.6 29.5 ...

55 100 ... 30 46 91 100 11 ... 97 82 11 23 60 14 54 85 100 22 40 ... 48 ... ... ... 69 100 87 52 41 22

... ... ... 14 ... 11 ... 75 ... ... 32 ... ... ... 91 ... ... ... 22 20 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1 17 ...

... ... ... 81 ... 78 ... 96 ... ... 86 ... ... ... 100 ... ... ... 89 83 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 11 94 ...

12.2 ... ... ... ... 24.6 ... 11.7 16.2 16.7 16.2 ... ... 14.9 ... ... 27.8 ... 17.5 ... 13.0 ... ... ... ... 19.3 ... 28.5 11.4 12.7 ...

Year 2002

2003 2004 2004 2005 2003 2006 2003 2005

2003 2006 2005 2004 2002

2004

2003 2004 2003

2000 2003 2004 2001

Per capita recorded alcohol consumptioni (litres of pure alcohol) among adults (≥15 years)

Adults (≥15 years)h Male

Female

38.9 ... ... ... ... ... 17.2 28.7 ... ... ... ... 56.5 7.3

25.1 ... ... ... ... ... 12.4 7.0 ... ... ... ... 24.8 0.6

... ... ... ... ... 60.3 33.2 9.9 ... ... 24.4 ... ... ... ... ... 42.7 22.0 42.0 69.0 ... ... 23.7 38.6 ... ... 47.9 50.5 52.3 27.2 ...

... ... ... ... ... 6.2 22.1 1.3 ... ... 3.5 ... ... ... ... ... 31.3 23.0 8.5 3.0 ... ... 24.3 22.1 ... ... 12.2 8.3 9.7 1.9 ...

49

Prevalence of condom use by young people (15–24 years) at higher risk sexj (%)

Year

2003

Male

2003n

12.99 3.26 1.86 11.71 1.79 7.50 6.66 2.36 0.21 3.72 3.38 0.59 9.00

... ... ... ... ... ... 52 ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... 29 ... ... ... ... ... ...

0.86 1.72 9.31 11.43 8.01 2.59 1.47 11.99 1.57 9.01 6.67 1.46 0.20 2.19 3.84 8.30 2.92 13.60 6.99 0.29 0.09 0.00 0.21 13.69 2.47 8.02 1.74 7.59 0.31 2.96 1.51 0.45

30 ... ... ... 48 ... ... ... 52 ... ... ... 42 ... ... 30 ... ... ... 59 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 47 ...

17 ... ... ... 33 ... ... ... 33 ... ... ... 27 ... ... 19 ... ... ... 51 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 25 ...

2003n 2003n

2003n 2003n

2003n 2003 2003n

2003n

2003n 2005 2003n,p 2001

2005 2001n,q

2003l,n 2002l,n 2003n 2003n

Female

Year

2002

2000

2000

2003

2005

2000

2001

2003

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO region

Children aged <5 years stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135

Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines

EMR EUR WPR EUR EMR AFR AFR EMR EUR EUR AFR AFR WPR SEAR AFR EUR WPR AFR AFR AMR WPR EUR WPR EUR EMR AFR SEAR AFR WPR SEAR EUR WPR AMR AFR AFR WPR EUR EMR EMR WPR AMR WPR AMR AMR WPR

6.7 32.6 48.2 ... 5.8 53.0 45.3 ... ... ... 52.8 52.5 20.0 31.9 42.7 ... ... 39.5 ... 15.5 ... ... 23.5 13.0 23.1 47.0 40.6 29.5 ... 57.1 ... ... 25.2 54.2 43.0 ... ... 15.9 41.5 ... 21.5 43.9 ... 31.3 33.8

1996–1997 1997 2000 1997 2000 1999–2000

2003–2004 2004–2005 1999 2001 2001

2000–2001 2006

2004 2000 2003–2004 2003 2003 2000 2001

2001 2000 2003

1998 2001 1997 2005 2000 2003

Children aged <5 years underweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 1.9 8.2 36.4 ... 4.3 15.0 22.8 ... ... ... 36.8 18.4 16.2 25.7 30.1 ... ... 30.4 ... 3.4 ... ... 4.8 2.3 9.9 21.2 29.6 20.3 ... 43.0 ... ... 7.8 43.6 27.2 ... ... 13.1 31.3 ... 6.3 18.1 ... 5.2 20.7

50

1996–1997 1997 2000 2004 2000 1999–2000

2003–2004 2004–2005 1999 2001 2001

2000–2001 2006

2004 2000 2003–2004 2003 2003 2000 2001

2001 2000 2003

1998 2001 1997 2005 2000 2003

Children aged <5 years overweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 9.2 9.2 2.7 ... ... 21.0 4.6 ... ... ... 6.2 10.2 5.9 3.9 3.1 ... ... 3.8 ... 7.6 ... ... 6.1 ... 13.3 6.3 2.4 3.3 ... 0.7 ... ... 7.1 1.6 6.2 ... ... 1.7 4.8 ... 6.2 ... ... 11.8 2.4

1996–1997 1997 2000

2000 1999–2000

2003–2004 2004–2005 1999 2001 2001

2000–2001 2006

2004 2003–2004 2003 2003 2000 2001

2001 2000 2003

1998 2001 1997

2000 2003

Lowbirthweight newbornsb

Adults aged ≥15 years who are obesec

(%) Both sexes 2000–2002 7 7 14 5 6 14 ... 7 4 8 14 16 10 22 23 6 12 ... 13 9 18 ... 8 0 11 14 15 14 ... 21 ... 6 12 17 14 ... 5 8 19 9 10 11 9 11 20

(%) Male 27.6 ... 0.7 11.9 14.3 ... ... ... 14.2 ... ... ... ... ... ... 25.0 ... ... 7.5 18.6 ... ... 7.2 ... 8.2 ... ... ... 55.7 ... 10.2 21.9 ... ... ... ... 6.8 ... ... ... ... ... ... 11.5 3.0

Year

Female 29.9 8.6 1.6 19.5 18.8 16.1 ... ... 16.9 ... 1.0 2.1 ... ... 3.7 21.3 ... 16.7 19.8 28.1 ... ... 12.5 ... 21.7 3.9 ... ... 60.5 1.0 11.9 23.2 18.0 1.6 5.8 ... 5.8 ... ... ... ... ... ... 19.9 6.2

1998–2000r 1997m 2000 2004o 1997n 2004

2004n,o 2003–2004 2000m

2001m 2002n,o 2000–2001m 1998n 2000n

2006 2000n 2003

2004n 2001 1998–2001 2002–2003 2001m 1998 2003m 1998n,o

2000n 1998n

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS 2007

Access to improved drinking water sourcesd

Access to improved sanitationd

Population using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

... 98 79 100 100 92 72 ... ... 100 77 98

... 66 43 96 100 76 52 ... ... 100 35 68

... 75 67 82 100 61 49 97 ... 100 48 62

... 51 20 71 87 32 7 96 ... 100 26 61

100 98 78 100 82 59 100 100 95 100 87 ... 99 72 80 98 ... 96 100 100 90 80 67 100 100 ... 96 79 99 88 99 89 87

96 76 36 100 96 44 100 87 94 ... 30 ... 56 26 77 81 ... 89 100 ... 63 36 31 100 100 ... 89 94 79 32 68 65 82

95 100 59 100 93 49 95 91 61 100 75 ... 88 53 88 50 ... 62 100 ... 56 43 53 100 100 97 92 96 89 67 94 74 80

93 42 39 ... 58 8 94 41 14 ... 37 ... 52 19 72 13 ... 30 100 ... 34 4 36 100 100 ... 41 52 51 41 61 32 59

Urban 2003

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adolescents (13–15 years)g Rural 2003

Both sexes

... ... 88 3 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 90

... ... 99 26 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 99

21.1 7.2 ... 34.2 59.7 20.3 ... 12.7 32.1 ... ... ...

1 ... 99 ... ... 35 0 4 ... ... ... ... 0 ... 88 24 ... 27 ... ... 40 95 ... ... ... ... 66 ... ... 34 30 13 27

2 ... 100 ... ... 84 2 45 ... ... ... ... 13 ... 100 84 ... 90 ... ... 93 98 ... ... ... ... 92 ... ... 98 83 90 70

16.7 ... ... ... ... 24.7 13.2 ... ... ... 14.9 ... 10.8 ... 13.4 25.8 ... ... ... ... 22.3 18.4 ... ... ... 14.3 ... 33.1 18.6 ... ... 21.2 15.9

Year 2001 2004 2002 2005 2002 2003 2005

2004

2001 2003

2003 2001 2004 2004

2003 2001

2002 2005 2002

2003 2004

Per capita recorded alcohol consumptioni (litres of pure alcohol) among adults (≥15 years)

Adults (≥15 years)h Male

Female

... 45.0 66.1 64.3 ... ... ... ... ... 36.0 ... 25.3

... 1.6 15.4 24.1 ... ... ... ... ... 26.0 ... 5.8

53.2 27.3 24.7 ... ... 29.6 42.7 35.9 ... ... ... ... 32.1 ... 48.7 28.3 ... 42.0 ... 25.1 ... ... ... ... ... ... 33.7 ... ... ... 41.4 ... 57.6

2.6 2.2 3.0 ... ... 4.7 2.8 15.0 ... ... ... ... 0.2 ... 13.7 12.4 ... 21.1 ... 24.8 ... ... 0.0 ... ... ... 6.2 ... ... ... 13.2 ... 12.3

51

Year

2005 2003n 2003n

2004 2003n 2003n 2001l,n 2003n

2003n 2003n 2003n

2003n 2003n 2003n 2003n 2001l

2003l,m

2003n

2003n 2003n

Prevalence of condom use by young people (15–24 years) at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

0.03 3.63 6.91 9.61 3.24 1.82 3.82 0.01 9.89 15.56 1.59

... ... ... ... ... 48 ... ... ... ... 12

... ... ... ... ... 50 ... ... ... ... 5

1.41 1.06 ... 0.50 6.02 ... 0.01 3.03 4.57 1.23 ... 2.83 ... 0.45 0.52 0.33 5.97 0.87 0.19 9.68 9.68 2.48 0.05 10.57 9.47 5.50 0.26 0.01 ... 5.98 1.62 3.73 3.83 3.51

47 ... ... 30 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 33 ... 69 ... ... ... ... ... ... 46 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

35 ... ... 14 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 29 ... 48 ... ... ... ... 17 ... 24 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 25 ...

Year

2004

2003 2004

2001

2003 2000

2001 2003

2004

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO region

Children aged <5 years stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180

Children aged <5 years underweight for agea (%)

Both sexes

Poland EUR Portugal EUR Qatar EMR Republic of Korea WPR Republic of Moldova EUR Romania EUR Russian Federation EUR Rwanda AFR Saint Kitts and Nevis AMR Saint Lucia AMR Saint Vincent and the Grenadines AMR Samoa WPR San Marino EUR Sao Tome and Principe AFR Saudi Arabia EMR Senegal AFR Serbia EUR Seychelles AFR Sierra Leone AFR Singapore WPR Slovakia EUR Slovenia EUR Solomon Islands WPR Somalia EMR South Africa AFR Spain EUR Sri Lanka SEAR Sudan EMR Suriname AMR Swaziland AFR Sweden EUR Switzerland EUR Syrian Arab Republic EMR Tajikistan EUR Thailand SEAR The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia EUR

... ... ... ... 11.3 2005 12.8 2002 ... 48.3 2000 ... ... ... 8.7 1999 ... 35.2 2000 ... 20.1 2005 9.8 2000 ... 38.4 2000 4.4 2000 ... ... ... 29.0 2000 30.9 1999 ... 18.4 2000 47.6 2000 14.5 1999–2000 36.6 2000 ... ... 24.1 2000 42.0 2003 15.5 2006 1.2 2004

... ... ... ... 3.2 3.5 ... 20.3 ... ... ... 2.1 ... 10.1 ... 14.5 2.1 ... 24.7 3.3 ... ... ... 23.0 9.6 ... 22.8 38.4 11.4 9.1 ... ... 9.1 ... 7.3 1.2

Timor-Leste Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Tuvalu Uganda

55.7 2002 29.8 1998 ... 5.3 2000 16.0 2000 19.1 1998 27.7 2000 ... 44.8 2000–2001

40.6 23.2 ... 4.4 4.4 7.0 10.0 ... 19.0

SEAR AFR WPR AMR EMR EUR EUR WPR AFR

Year

52

2005 2002 2000

1999 2000 2005 2000 2000 2000

2000 1999 2000 2000 1999–2000 2000

2001 2006 2004 2002 1998 2000 2000 1998 2000 2000–2001

Children aged <5 years overweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes ... ... ... ... 9.1 8.3 ... 7.2 ... ... ... 6.8 ... 9.2 ... 2.4 ... ... 4.7 2.6 ... ... ... ... 9.3 ... 1.0 5.2 2.9 14.9 ... ... ... ... 10.4 7.9 5.7 2.6 ... 4.9 7.3 4.0 ... ... 4.9

2005 2002 2000

1999 2000 2005

2000 2000

1999 2000 2000 1999–2000 2000

2006 2004 2002 1998 2000 1996–1997 1998

2000–2001

Lowbirthweight newbornsb

Adults aged ≥15 years who are obesec

(%) Both sexes 2000–2002

(%) Male

Year

Female

6 8 10 4 5 9 6 9 9 8 10 4 ... ... 11 18 0 ... ... 8 7 6 13 ... 15 6 22 31 13 9 4 6 6 15 9 5

15.7 ... ... 1.7 ... 9.1 ... ... ... ... ... 44.9 ... ... 26.4 ... ... 15.0 ... 5.3 ... 16.5 ... ... 9.3 13.0 ... ... ... ... 10.4 7.9 ... ... ... ...

19.9 ... ... 3.0 ... 19.1 ... ... ... ... ... 66.3 ... ... 44.0 ... ... 35.2 ... 6.7 ... 13.8 ... ... 30.1 13.5 ... ... ... ... 9.5 7.5 ... ... ... 10.7

10 15 ... 23 7 16 6 5 12

... ... ... ... 6.4 12.9 ... ... ...

... ... ... ... 22.7 29.9 10.3 ... ...

2000n

1998n 1997

2002n

1995–2000n

2004n 1998n 2001n,o

1998 2003

2002–2003n,o 2002o

1999k,n

1996–1997n 1997n 2000m

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS 2007

Access to improved drinking water sourcesd

Access to improved sanitationd

Population using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

Urban 2004

100 ... 100 97 97 91 100 92 99 98 ... 90 ... 89 97 92 ... 100 75 100 100 ... 94 32 99 100 98 78 98 87 100 100 98 92 98 ... 77 80 100 92 99

... ... 100 71 88 16 88 69 99 98 93 87 ... 73 ... 60 ... 75 46 ... 99 ... 65 27 73 100 74 64 73 54 100 100 87 48 100 ... 56 36 100 88 82

... ... 100 ... 86 89 93 56 96 89 ... 100 ... 32 100 79 ... ... 53 100 100 ... 98 48 79 100 98 50 99 59 100 100 99 70 98 ... 66 71 98 100 96

98 93 94 87

93 54 92 56

96 77 93 54

Rural 2004

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adolescents (13–15 years)g

Urban 2003

Rural 2003

Both sexes

... ... 100 ... 52 ... 70 38 96 89 96 100 ... 20 ... 34 ... 100 30 ... 98 ... 18 14 46 100 89 24 76 44 100 100 81 45 99 ... 33 15 96 100 65

... ... ... ... ... 3 7 98 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 24 ... ... ... ... 2 ... ... ... 7 1 27 ... ... 23 ... ... ... 33 ... ... ... ... ... ... 3

... ... ... ... ... 42 21 100 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 80 ... ... ... ... 7 ... ... ... 40 5 77 ... ... 82 ... ... ... 90 ... ... ... ... ... ... 8

19.5 ... 16.6 10.2 16.0 18.3 27.3 ... 16.6 13.4 21.9 ... ... ... ... 16.6 ... 28.9 ... 9.1 27.3 23.6 ... ... 23.6 ... 8.0 14.0 10.5 11.5 ... ... 20.0 5.1 15.7 9.0 ... 16.1 ... 14.3 15.2

72 50 84 41

... 0 ... 85

... 1 ... 99

8.4 ... ... ...

Year 2003 2004 2005 2004 2004 2004 2002 2000 2000

2002 2002 2000 2003 2003

2002 2003 2005 2004 2001

2002 2004 2005 2003 2002 2000 2001 2003

Per capita recorded alcohol consumptioni (litres of pure alcohol) among adults (≥15 years)

Adults (≥15 years)h Male

Female

... ... ... ... ... 33.2 56.7 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 24.1 ... ... ... ... 41.0 28.5 ... ... 37.0 40.5 39.7 ... ... 15.1 ... ... ... ... 48.5 ... ... ... ... ... 53.0

... ... ... ... ... 10.3 11.4 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 1.9 ... ... ... ... 23.1 19.1 ... ... 11.2 27.1 2.9 ... ... 3.2 ... ... ... ... 2.9 ... ... ... ... ... 2.2

50.7 ... ... 25.2

18.6 ... ... 3.3

53

Year

2003 2003n,p

2003n

2003n 2003n

2003n 2003n 2003n

2003n

2001l

2003n 2003n

2001m

Prevalence of condom use by young people (15–24 years) at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

8.09 11.54 4.40 7.87 13.18 9.74 10.32 6.93 6.73 11.48 7.00 ... ... 6.95 0.00 0.46 ... 3.36 6.39 2.17 10.35 6.74 0.97 0.00 6.72 11.68 0.28 0.30 ... 4.60 5.96 10.83 0.49 0.39 5.59 5.69 ... 1.24 0.75 4.17

... ... ... ... 63 ... ... 41 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 54 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... 44 ... ... 28 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 34 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...

1.23 1.37 1.18 1.37 17.64

... ... ... ... 55

... ... ... ... 53

Year

2005

2004

2005

2004

56835

83347-9473

Risk factors

Figures have been computed by WHO to ensure comparability; thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of Member States, which may use alternative rigorous methods.

Member State

WHO region

Children aged <5 years stunted for agea

(%)

Year

Both sexes 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194

Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe The former state union of Serbia and Montenegros

Children aged <5 years underweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes

EUR EMR EUR AFR AMR AMR EUR WPR AMR WPR EMR AFR AFR EUR

5.6 2002 ... ... 44.4 2004–2005 3.3 1999–2002 13.9 2004 26.2 2002 ... 16.7 2000 43.4 2000 59.8 2003 52.5 2001–2002 33.7 1999 ...

4.1 ... ... 16.7 1.1 6.0 6.2 ... 4.8 26.7 42.7 23.3 11.5 ...

AFR AMR SEAR EUR EMR WPR

43.2 14.2 41.6 ... 24.9 14.5 30.0

23.1 4.9 33.3 ... 15.1 6.2 17.8

2000

2004–2005 1999–2002 2004 2002 2000 2000 2003 2001–2002 1999

Children aged <5 years overweight for agea (%)

Year

Both sexes 26.5 ... ... 4.9 7.0 9.4 ... ... 5.7 2.5 3.7 5.9 10.6 ...

2000

2004–2005 1999–2002 2004

2000 2000 1997 2001–2002 1999

Lowbirthweight newbornsb

Adults aged ≥15 years who are obesec

(%) Both sexes 2000–2002

(%) Male

Year

Female

5 15 8 13 8 8 7 6 7 9 32 12 11 4

... 25.6 ... ... 31.1 17.0 5.4 12.2 ... ... ... ... ... 14.4

... 39.9 ... 4.4 33.2 18.0 7.1 19.6 ... ... ... 3.0 7.5 20.0

14 9 26 8 17 8 16

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

1999–2000n 2004–2005 2003–2004n 1998n 2002m 1998n

2001–2002m 1999m 2000n

Region African Region Region of the Americas South-East Asia Region European Region Eastern Mediterranean Region Western Pacific Region Global

2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005

2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... Data not available or not applicable; AFR, African Region; AMR, Region of the Americas; SEAR, South-East Asia Region; EUR, European Region; EMR, Eastern Mediterranean Region; WPR, Western Pacific Region. The global values for rates and ratios are weighted averages; for absolute numbers they are the sums of all WHO regions. a Global database on child growth and malnutrition [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/nutgrowthdb/ database/en). b United Nations Children’s Fund, World Health Organization. Low birthweight: country, regional and global estimates. New York, UNICEF, 2004 (http:// www.who.int/reproductive-health/publications/low_birthweight/low_birthweight_estimates.pdf). c Comparisons between countries may be limited owing to differences in sample characteristics or survey years. Source: Global database on body mass index (BMI) [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2006 (http//www.who.int/bmi). d World Health Organization, United Nations Children’s Fund. Joint monitoring programme for water supply and sanitation [online database]. Geneva, WHO, UNICEF, 2006 (http://www.wssinfo.org/en/wecome.html). e Estimates were made by WHO’s Department of Public Health and Environment based on Rehfuess E, Mehta S, Prüss-Üstün. Assessing household solid fuel use: multiple implications for the Millennium Development Goals. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2006, 114:373-378 (http://www.who. int/indoorair/mdg/en). f For adolescents, data relate to daily or occasional tobacco use (smoking, or using oral tobacco or snuff); for adults they relate to daily or occasional tobacco smoking. Comparisons between countries may be limited owing to differences in definitions, sample characteristics or survey years. g WHO global InfoBase online tool. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/en).

54

WORLD HEALTH STATISTICS 2007

Access to improved drinking water sourcesd

Access to improved sanitationd

Population using solid fuelse

(%)

(%)

(%)

Urban 2004

Rural 2004

Urban 2004

99 100 100 85 100 100 95 86 85 99 71 90 98 99

91 100 100 49 100 100 75 52 70 80 65 40 72 86

98 98 ... 53 100 100 78 78 71 92 86 59 63 97

82 98 92 99 94 94 95

42 82 81 86 77 69 73

57 91 64 96 88 76 80

Rural 2004 93 95 ... 43 100 99 61 42 48 50 28 52 47 77

30 66 31 77 43 34 39

Urban 2003 5 1 ... ... ... 0 ... ... ... 43 3 68 26 ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Prevalence of current tobacco use (%)f

Adolescents (13–15 years)g Rural 2003

Both sexes

10 0 ... ... ... 7 ... ... ... 78 53 99 94 ...

26.0 18.5 ... ... 23.1 ... ... ... ... ... 17.7 ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Year 2005 2002

2000

2003

Per capita recorded alcohol consumptioni (litres of pure alcohol) among adults (≥15 years)

Adults (≥15 years)h Male

Female

66.8 32.4 ... ... 24.1 38.5 24.1 ... ... 51.1 ... 23.3 26.2 ...

19.9 3.1 ... ... 19.2 28.2 0.9 ... ... 2.5 ... 5.7 3.1 ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

h

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Year 2005n 2003n

2003n 2003n 2002l,m

2003n 2003n 2003n

Prevalence of condom use by young people (15–24 years) at higher risk sexj (%)

2003

Male

Female

6.09 0.02 11.75 5.45 8.61 7.74 1.51 0.75 6.67 0.85 0.04 2.40 4.41 ...

... ... ... 46 ... ... 50 ... ... 68 ... 42 ... ...

... ... ... 34 ... ... ... ... ... ... ... 33 ... ...

4.47 6.66 0.52 8.84 0.19 5.19 4.41

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

... ... ... ... ... ... ...

Year

2004

2002

2005 2001

Sources: WHO global InfoBase online tool. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (also available at http://www.who.int/ncd_surveillance/infobase/en); Ustun TB et al. The World Health Surveys. In: Murray CJL, Evans D, eds. Health systems performance assessment: debates, methods and empricism. Geneva, World Health Organization, 2003:797-808; World Health Survey, Geneva, World Health Organization, 2007 (http://www.who.int/healthinfo/ survey/en). i Global alcohol database [online database]. Geneva, World Health Organization (http://www.who.int/globalatlas/LoginManagement/autologins/gad_login. asp). j 2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic. Geneva, Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS, World Health Organization, 2006. See Annex 2: HIV and AIDS estimates and data, 2005 and 2003. k Upper age limit = 45 years. l Cigarettes are the only smoked tobacco product under consideration. m Upper age limit = 50 years. n Lower age limit > 15 years. o Self-reported data. p Sample is not necessarily nationally representative. q Upper age limit = 65 years. r Lower age limit < 15 years. s See footnote o to the table on Health status: mortality.

55

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