The Italian Renaissance & Commedia dell'Arte

The Italian Renaissance & Commedia dell’Arte 1. Renaissance – a rebirth of cultural advancement and activity. During this time, the power shifted from the church to the merchant class. Subject matter began to include earthly as well as religious themes. 2. Patronage – artists being supported by wealthy individuals (patrons). 3. Neoclassical Ideals – based on the rediscovered writings of Aristotle and other Greeks and Romans. Neoclassic theatre tried to recreate Classic Greek theatre by following a set of rules. 4. Verisimilitude – “true to life”. Neoclassicists felt that theatre should be based in everyday, human events. 5. The three unities – are “rules” that forced Neoclassic playwrights to stay “true to life”. a) The unity of time stated that all action in the play must take place within 24 hours. b) The unity of place stated that all action must take place in one location. c) The unity of action stated that there must be one plot with no distracting secondary stories. The 3 unities were pretty much ignored in England and Spain. 6. Renaissance style was preoccupied with three dimensions. Medieval painting was flat; Renaissance paintings had depth. Perspective was very important. Theatre style reflected this. The Teatro Olimpico was an Italian theatre with a permanent façade on stage. This façade had doors with hallways that led upstage, giving a true sense of depth. All productions, however, had to adapt to this permanent structure. In order to keep the perspective of depth without the inconvenience of having to use one permanent structure, backdrops were created which could be painted to give an illusion of depth. 7. Proscenium arch – is a permanent downstage structure that creates a “picture frame” behind which the play is performed. The space defined by the proscenium arch is often called the “fourth wall”.

8. Medieval theatre showed all the scenery at once; Renaissance theatre presented it as needed, one at a time. 9. Commedia dell’Arte – a form of comic theatre based on improvisation. Commedia used outlines, but the performances were spontaneous, usually involving a young hero and heroine. 10.Stock Characters in Commedia dell’Arte: a) Pantolone – the foolish old man b) Arlecchino (or Harlequin) – the prankster c) Pulchinello – the malicious servant d) Zanni – wacky male servant (we get our word “zany” from here) e) Fontesca (or Fontessa) – shrewd female servant


The Italian Renaissance & Commedia dell'Arte

The Italian Renaissance & Commedia dell’Arte 1. Renaissance – a rebirth of cultural advancement and activity. During this time, the power shifted from...

39KB Sizes 0 Downloads 0 Views

Recommend Documents

The Italian Renaissance
The Renaissance. -Key Concepts- ... flourish in Northern Italy. ▫ The significance of printing and mining as ... --Ita

Italian Renaissance Northern Renaissance -
Northern humanists focused on reforming society based on Christian principles. Both movements were similar because of th

Women during the Italian Renaissance
stereotypes that limited them into the role of the timid, obedient woman dependent upon the man for her livelihood. Thei

The Italian Renaissance - Swarthmore College
History 19, THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE, Autumn 2005. 4. Samuel Cohn, “Women and Work in Renaissance Italy,” in Gender a

Italian renaissance essay
2 days ago - Noooo. IELTS essay -- individuals contribute to environment problems: please help review my practice. thank

The Origins of the Italian Renaissance
The Origins of the Italian Renaissance. The Apex of Medieval ... Italian peninsula and had spread throughout Europe by 1

The Sistine Madonna. - Italian Renaissance Art
The Sistine Madonna is one of Raphael's most famous works. The painting takes it's name from the church of San Sisto in

Differences between the Italian an Northern Renaissance Italian
They were the Italian and the Northern renaissance. Both of these ... Italian Renaissance. The opening phase of renaissa

Italian vs. Northern Renaissance Art
Work with a partner to create a Venn Diagram comparing works from the Italian Renaissance with those from the Northern R

I would like to extend immeasurable gratitude to all those who helped me bring this project to fruition. In particular,