Walking Around XX Century

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Spanish 61 Walking Around XX Century Spanish American Literature MW 1-3 FH 207 Instructor: Email: Office: Office Phone: Office Hours:

Dr. Friis [email protected] Furman Hall 235V x2227 T,Th,F 10:00 - 11:00; M,W by appointment

Texts:

Galeano, Eduardo. Memorias del fuego III: Century of the Wind Neruda, Pablo. Confieso que he vivido. Neruda, Pablo Antología poética. 1, 1915-1956  (Alianza) 2003. Neruda, Pablo Antología poética. 2, 1957-1973  (Alianza) 2003. Pilar Aguilera y Ricardo Fredes Eds. Chile: el otro 11 de septiembre

Grading Scale: B+ (88-89) C+ (78-79) D+ (68-69) Evaluation:

A B C D F

(95-100) (83-87) (73-77) (67) (0-64)

In-class Presentations (2) MidTerm Exam Participation + Quizzes Short paper (análisis) Paper (process + product)

A- (90-94) B- (80-82) C- (70-72) D- (65-66)

10% 15% 15% 20% 40%

This course uses Confieso que he vivido, the memoirs of Chilean Nobel Prize winner Pablo Neruda (1904-1973), as a literary map the twentieth century. Even though Neruda is known primarily as a poet, this is not just a course about poetry. The multidisciplinary approach of this class will intertwine analysis of Neruda’s major poems with texts produced by those around him. We’ll study the paintings of Pablo Picasso and Diego Rivera, the poems Federico García Lorca, the films Il postino and Machuca the protest songs of Violeta Parra and stories, essays and poems by Latin America’s four other Nobel Prize winners, Gabriela Mistral, Miguel Angel Asturias, Gabriel García Márquez and Octavio Paz. We will also examine some of the people, places and ideas most significant to all of XX century Latin American literature: Walt Whitman, modernismo, the avant-garde, Vicente Huidobro, César Vallejo, Freud, the Spanish Civil War, Paris in the 1920s, Marx, Communism, Trotsky, Buenos Aires in the 30s, Mexican muralism, the Cuban Revolution, Che Guevara, American interventionism, Chile’s coup of 1973 and the Latin American “New Song.” This course will be of special interest to those who have already completed or are considering our study abroad program in Santiago, Chile.

Course Objectives: To help students develop an understanding of and appreciation for some of the main intellectual currents of XX century Spanish American literature. To introduce students to some fundamental concepts of literary criticism and to allow them to refine their skills in the analysis of texts. To acquaint students with basic research techniques when appropriate and possible. To develop further the five basic language skills in Spanish with an emphasis on reading and speaking. Graded assignments in this course will include traditional tests and reading quizzes (for content) as well as a formal analysis of a Neruda poem not discussed in class and a final paper. Your participation grade will reflect your linguistic and analytical progress. Other Required Readings: Although we will not always have a chance to discuss all of these in detail in class, required readings will be assigned and information from them will appear on the tests. These essays have been selected because they will help you understand ideas and movements that run through the texts we will analyze in class. Presentations: At times our class conversations will be lead by a student. These presentations will be the result of the student analyzing a text or idea, writing at least 3 open ended and provocative discussion questions for the class, presenting the text or idea to the class along with some extra information culled from research and directing the class's discussion of that topic. Remember that good presentations contain information that is insightful and out of the ordinary such as anecdotes about the writer’s life or particularly creative (yet believable) interpretations of their work. Be sure to make connections between your texts and others we have read or the movements we are studying. It is important that the class understand any terminology or unusual vocabulary that you might use in the presentation - tell us or write it on the board. Good presentations teach us new things or ways of looking at things. Be selective - make choices about what to present and what to leave out. Oh, and, we all like visuals. Bad presentations are mumbled, read from notes, contain little new or interesting or are not understood by the class (or the presenter). Present with confidence. Do not believe all that you read on the web or in the wikipedia. Do not give us bad information.

Notes: 1) Daily preparation must be thorough. You must come to class PREPARED AND WILLING TO SHOW IT through ACTIVE participation. Preparing for class means spending an appropriate amount of time reading the day’s assignment and doing any written work. After this preparation, you will be ready to discuss the readings in class with the professor and your peers. Expect a participation grade of B- to C if you are prepared but passive. You are learning to formulate, express and debate your opinions and interpretations of art, literature, music and ideas in this class. 2) Have access to a good English/Spanish dictionary. I like Harper Collins and Oxford. You can also try wordreference.com. Don't embarrass yourself with other internet translators. 3) “Late is rude...” -President George W. Bush “On time means two minutes early...” -Coach Joe Paterno 4) It is your responsibility to notify your instructor as soon as possible, preferably beforehand, if you have an excused absence. Work missed due to excused absences will be accepted within two days of the absence. Work missed due to unexcused absences cannot be made up. 5) The Instructor reserves the right to change this syllabus. 6) Students with disabilities who need academic accommodation should contact Disability Services (x2322). After this meeting, the student should meet with me. This process needs to happen early in the term. The Office of Academic Assistance, a helpful resource for many freshmen, is located on the ground floor of the library (x2110). Attendance: All students are expected to attend every class session. A student who has more than two unexcused absences during the term will be dropped from the class roster and assigned a grade of “F.”

This is a tentative schedule of topics and readings. Required and suggested readings will be assigned daily in class. 3/3

Greenville, SC Introducción a la clase Contexto histórico, literario

3/5

Chile 1900 Últimos libros de los modernistas, Gabriela Mistral

------------3/10

Temuco, Santiago de Chile Juventud, Crepusculario (1923), XX poemas de amor (1924) “Mi primer poema”, “Mis primeros libros”, “Por qué Neruda” < Confieso que he vivido

3/12

París, los años 20 Picasso, Vallejo, Huidobro, Diego Rivera “Viviendo con el idioma” “La casa de las tres viudas” < Confieso que he vivido Definicones de la vanguardia; el papel de Vicente Huidobro; la muerte triste de César Vallejo Conversación: “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” (1907) de Picasso Presentación: Pablo Picasso y el cubismo

------------3/17

De Rangoon a Madrid El grupo poético de 1927 Las vanguardias en España "Cómo era Federico" "Miguel Hernández" "El crimen fue en Granada" "Mi libro sobre España" Ramón Gómez de la Serna 1937 - El II Congreso de Intelectuales Antifascistas Residencia en la tierra (1931-35) Presentación: Federico García Lorca

3/19

De España a Chile Guest Lecture: Dr. Lourdes Manyé - La guerra civil española "Cuaderno 5" + “Traígame españoles” < Confieso que he vivido Residencia en la tierra (1931-35) y España en el corazón (1936-1937)

------------3/24

no hay clase

3/26

Guernika Residencia en la tierra 2, Tercera residencia (1947) Picasso, el existencialismo, Freud, Dalí, "Walking Around" Presentación: Discusión de “Guernica” de Picasso Presentación: El surrealismo y Salvador Dalí “Las meninas” (1957) de Picasso

------------3/31

Stalingrado Día de presentaciones: “Socialismo, Comunismo, Fascismo 1900-1950” “Elegí un camino”, “Nazistas en Chile” “La pampa salitrera” “Poesía y policía” “El poder de la poesía”< Confieso que he vivido “Lección de sencillez” Tercera residencia (1947)

4/2

DF Guest Lecture - Professor Brodeur “The Mexican Muralism movement, Weston, Modotti” “Los pintores mexicanos” < Confieso que he vivido “El poder de la poesía” Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo *Entregar análisis de un poema*

------------4/7

Guatemala Miguel Angel Asturias “Napoleón Ubico” “En París y con pasaporte” < Confieso que he vivido obras de Asturias Presentación: Vida y obra de Miguel Angel Asturias

4/9

Macchu Picchu (1943) - poesía y profecía Las epopeyas americanas “Isla Negra” “El cuerpo repartido” < Confieso que he vivido Canto general Presentación : Walt Whitman

------------4/14

Canto general II Presentación: más poemas de Canto general Presentación: más poemas de Canto general repaso *Entregar tema del trabajo final*

4/16

Examen midterm

------------4/21

Las uvas y el viento (1954) Presentación: Las uvas y el viento Los versos del capitán (1954) Presentación: Los versos del capitán

4/23

Buenos Aires, Santiago los años 50 Borges “Kafka y sus precursores,” “La flor de Coleridge,” Nicanor Parra "Poemas y antipoemas" Presentación: “Borges y yo” Presentación: Nicanor Parra

------------4/28

El espíritu de las cosas Odas elementales (1954), Nuevas odas elementales (1956) “De agosto 1952...” "Crítica y autocrítica" < Confieso que he vivido Presentación: Estravagario (1958) *Entregar esquema y pre-bibliografía del trabajo escrito*

4/30

película - El cartero de Neruda

------------5/5

Isla Negra Neruda, el mar y el amor entregar - una oda “Yo, el malacólogo” "Matilde Urritia, mi mujer" < Confieso que he vivido Cien sonetos de amor (1960) La Barcarola (1967) Presentación: Una casa en la arena (1966)

5/7

Hacia la ciudad espléndida... Estocolmo 1971 La soledad americana "El Premio Nobel" Gabriel García Márquez, Neruda, Octavio Paz Presentación: artículo de Earl Fitz

------------5/12

La Moneda, Santiago de Chile 1973

Chile - el otro 11 de septiembre Ariel Dorfman - "Neruda and the Terror in Madrid" 1973 “Embajada en París” “Salvador Allende” 5/14

La Nueva Canción Julio Cortázar - "El perseguidor" "Estadio Chile" "El día del golpe" "Un canto inconcluso" < Chile - el otro 11 de septiembre Presentación: nuestras odas Presentación: Violeta Parra Presentación: Victor Jara

----------5/19

película Machuca *entrega de los trabajos escritos*

5/21

discusión: Machuca Comida chilena Ariel Dorfman "Saying Goodbye to Pablo" Conclusiones

These are some of the most important books on Neruda - most are from the library, some are mine... Since many of you will be writing papers with overlapping topics I will keep all of these materials, and more, in my office and can lend them to you. Please ask me for anything you may need and share books you have with your classmates. Agosin, Marjorie. Pablo Neruda. Alazraki, Jaime. Poética y poesía de Pablo Neruda. Alonso, Amado. Poesía y estilo de Pablo Neruda. Costa, René de. The Poetry of Pablo Neruda. Durán, Manuel. Earth Tones : The Poetry of Pablo Neruda. Firmat, Gustavo Pérez. Ed. Do the Americas have a Common Literature? González Echevarría, Roberto and Enrique Pupo-Walker, Eds. The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature. Méndez-Ramírez, Hugo. Neruda's Ekphrastic Experience : Mural Art and Canto general. Neruda, Pablo. Obras completas I y II. Santí, Enrico Mario. The Poetics of Prophecy.

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Walking Around XX Century

Spanish 61 Walking Around XX Century Spanish American Literature MW 1-3 FH 207 Instructor: Email: Office: Office Phone: Office Hours: Dr. Friis RONAL...

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