Zootaxa,Achillesaurus manazzonei, a new - Magnolia press

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Zootaxa 1582: 1–17 (2007) www.mapress.com / zootaxa/

ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)

Copyright © 2007 · Magnolia Press

ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition)

ZOOTAXA

Achillesaurus manazzonei, a new alvarezsaurid theropod (Dinosauria) from the Late Cretaceous Bajo de la Carpa Formation, Río Negro Province, Argentina AGUSTÍN G. MARTINELLI1 & EZEQUIEL I. VERA2 1.

Sección Paleontología de Vertebrados, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’, Av. Ángel Gallardo 470 (1405), Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail: [email protected] 2. Sección Paleobotánica, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales ‘Bernardino Rivadavia’, Av. Ángel Gallardo 470 (1405), Buenos Aires, Argentina. E-mail: [email protected]

Abstract A new genus and species, Achillesaurus manazzonei gen. et sp. nov., of the enigmatic clade Alvarezsauridae (Theropoda, Coelurosauria), recovered from the Santonian Bajo de la Carpa Formation (Río Negro Province, Argentina), is here described. A. manazzonei is a relatively large alvarezsaurid different from Alvarezsaurus calvoi (from the same Age and Formation) in having a lateral fossa in the proximal caudal centra, a less developed supraacetabular crest, the brevis shelf not reaching the base of the ischial pedicel, and the lateral malleolus of the tibia at the same level of the medial one. Achillesaurus differs from Patagonykus puertai, from the Portezuelo Formation (Neuquén Province, Argentina), by the presence of an almost undeveloped supracetabular crest of the ilium and the unfused condition of the astragalus and the calcaneum. The new species is excluded from the Asian Mononykinae due to the unreduced fibula distally and a non-arctometatarsalian pes. The autapomorphies of Achillesaurus are the presence of a biconcave caudal vertebra (possibly the fourth) with the cranial surface 30% larger in diameter than the caudal one. The inclusion of Achillesaurus in a phylogenetic framework resulted in an unresolved polytomy among the new taxon, Alvarezsaurus, and Patagonykus plus Mononykinae, the latter clade being weakly supported. The result here presented shows a basal stem radiation of South American alvarezsaurids. New material of the Patagonian alvarezsaurids is necessary to evaluate relevant traits to test further the phylogenetic relationships of the basal alvarezsaurids. Key words: Dinosauria, Theropoda, Alvarezsauridae, Late Cretaceous, Argentina

Introduction In the last thirty years the discovery of theropod dinosaurs in South America, especially in Argentina, has increased considerably, not only providing new species, but also a better understanding of the evolution and paleobiogeography of the dinosaur faunas that inhabited Gondwana. In South America, and in Gondwana as a whole, the Cretaceous faunas where characterized by a great diversity of theropods, including medium-sized abelisauroid ceratosaurs (e.g. Bonaparte & Novas 1985; Bonaparte et al. 1990; Bonaparte 1991, 1996; Sampson et al. 1998; Coria et al. 2002; Kellner & Campos 2002), gigantic carcharodontosaurid and spinosaurid tetanurans (e.g. Coria & Salgado 1995; Kellner 1996; Sereno et al. 1996; Sues et al. 2002; Novas et al. 2005), and small-sized coelurosaurians (e.g. Bonaparte 1991; Novas 1996, 1997; Novas & Puerta 1997; Kellner 1999; Novas & Pol 2005; Makovicky et al. 2005). South American coelurosaurians are relatively poorly understood because most are based on partial elements. Within Coelurosauria, Alvarezsauridae constitutes a bizarre Cretaceous clade of still uncertain affinities. This clade was erected by Bonaparte (1991) in order to include Alvarezsaurus calvoi Bonaparte, an enigmatic taxon from the Late Cretaceous of Patagonia, Argentina. Subsequent discoveries in Mongolia (Perle et al. Accepted by S. Carranza: 3 Aug. 2007; published: 12 Sept. 2007

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Zootaxa,Achillesaurus manazzonei, a new - Magnolia press

Zootaxa 1582: 1–17 (2007) www.mapress.com / zootaxa/ ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition) Copyright © 2007 · Magnolia Press ISSN 1175-5334 (online editio...

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